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Holocaust Overview: Major Events

Holocaust Overview: Major Events

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Holocaust Overview: Major Events

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  1. Holocaust Overview:Major Events

  2. The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. • 11 million deaths total

  3. 1933 • Hitler comes to power • Boycott Jewish businesses • Jews can not own land • Work camp Dachau opens

  4. 1934 • Jews are banned from work force • Jews legal rights are limited • Hitler named Fuhrer

  5. 1935 • Jews banned from military • Nuremberg Laws • (Jews are no longer citizens and explanations of what determines a Jew) • A culmination of legislation that has already been in place.

  6. 1936 • Nazis gain full control of Germany • Nazi’s combat Homosexuality • Olympics held in Germany

  7. 1937 • Nazi officials at the opening of "The Eternal Jew" exhibition in Munich, Nov. 8, 1937. • The travelling exhibition promoted stereotypes of Jews and Nazi perceptions of their danger to the world.

  8. 1938 • Invade Austria • Jews forced to carry identity cards • Jewish passports to be stamped with a large red "J.“ • Nov 9th 10thKristallnacht

  9. 1939 • Invasion of Slovakia and Poland • Jews turned away by Cuba and United States • Forced Labor for Jews • Jews must wear yellow stars

  10. 1940 • Auschwitz built • Jews live in Ghettos • Warsaw ghetto has 400,00 Jews • War escalates

  11. 1941 • Concentration camps begin to be used for “The Final Solution” • Estimated 200,000 Jews killed • 5,000 gypsies were gassed to death • Nazi’s declare war on United States

  12. 1942 • NY Times reports that over 1,000,000 Jews have been killed • Auschwitz is opened and fully functioning

  13. 1943 • Auschwitz expanded by adding 4 new gas chambers and crematoriums. • Exterminations cease at Treblinka after 870,000 deaths

  14. 1944 • 9,000 Jews killed in one day between Auschwitz and Birkenau • President Roosevelt creates War Refuge Board to help Jews • D Day (allies land in France)

  15. 1945 • Death of Jews by country: Africa 526 Albania 200 Austria 65,000 Belgium24,387 Czechoslovakia 277,000 Denmark 77 Estonia 4,000 France 83,000 Germany 160,000 Greece 71,301 Hungary305,000 Italy 8,000 Latvia85,000 Lithuania 135,000 Luxembourg 700 Netherlands 106,000 Norway 728 Poland 3,001,000 Romania364,632 Soviet Union1,500,000 Yugoslavia 67,122 • Liberation of Jews • War Ends • Over 6 million Jews have died