Holocaust - Diary of Anne FrankWeb Quest Through the use of the resources in this web quest, you have the opportunity to travel back in time to learn about one of the world’s worst atrocities. Use this web quest to gain knowledge about the Holocaust and Anne Frank. (Revised from the following site:http://www.vansteemedia.com/HolocaustWebquest.html)
Task #1Anne Frank and the Secret Annex • Internet Links...Anne Frank and the Secret Annex • Anne Frank's History 1. Describe how the people housed in the annex kept their presence a secret. 2. Who were the people most responsible for helping those who were hiding? 3. Who shared the annex with Anne and the Frank family? To avoid the fate of many European Jews, Mr. Frank took his family to the attic of a warehouse and office building that had been part of his business in Amsterdam. Click on the link below to read more about their hiding place. Then answer the questions below on your answer sheet.
Task #2In the Beginning : The Rise of the Nazi Party • World War I was pivotal in setting Germany up to follow the Nazis and Adolf Hitler. You will now go back to Germany and see for yourself the impact Hitler had on the German people. Using the links listed below, write the answers to the following questions on your answer sheet: 1. How did the end of WWI leave Germany open to follow a man like Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party? 2. When did Hitler become the official leader of the Nazi Party? 3. What was Mein Kampf? 4. What reason did Hitler give for attempting to annihilate the Jewish people? • Internet Links...In the Beginning : The Rise of the Nazi Party Holocaust Timeline---Rise of NazismWhy Did Hitler Choose to Persecute the Jews?
Task #3Nazi Propaganda • Hitler led a very successful propaganda campaign against the Jews. Wherever they could the Nazis used art, posters, pamphlets, cartoons and even postage stamps to get their anti-Semitic message across to the German people. Sneak a look at some of this propaganda. Then answer the questions on your answer packet. 1. What is the definition of propaganda? 2. How did the use of propaganda aide Hitler’s leadership? 3. In Chapter IV of Mein Kampf, Hitler reveals his ideas about propaganda. Write at least three of the criteria Hitler believes about propaganda. 4. Look at the cartoon on the right. What is it trying to say? (If you are unsure, look for the analysis in your research.) 5. Examine the many examples of Nazi Propaganda. Pick one of the cartoons or posters and print it out. On the print our, explain the message and why the cartoon and do a quick sketch of it. Then explain what it means. • Internet Links...Nazi Propaganda http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_propaganda Anti-Semitic FilmsAnti-Semitic Cartoons
Task #4The Nuremberg Laws • On September 15, 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were passed. These Laws severely limited what Jews could do in Germany. Using the internet links provided, list five restrictions these laws placed on German Jews on your answer sheet. • Internet Links...The Nuremberg Laws • The Nuremberg LawsJewish Virtual University : The Nuremberg LawsThe Nuremberg Race Laws
Task #5The 1936 Olympics • Germany had been awarded the 1936 Olympic games back in 1932, a year before Hitler came to power. Berlin was to be host to the summer competitions while the winter competitions would be held in Bavaria. The IOC almost moved the games because the Nazis' racist and anti-Semitic nationalism was contradictory to the whole spirit of the Olympics. Your assignment is to attend these games and bring back answers to the questions listed below. Be very careful. Security is extremely tight!! 1. What was Hitler's goal in hosting the 1936 games? 2. How many gold medals did Jesse Owens win? 3. Who was the only Jewish athlete to compete for Germany in the 1936 Winter Games? 4. Who was the only Jewish athlete to compete for Germany in the 1936 Summer Games? • Internet Links...The 1936 Olympics 1936 Olympics--FactMonsterThe 1936 GamesThe Nazi Olympics
Task #6Kristallnacht On the nights of November 9-10, 1938 violence erupted against the Jews in Germany and Austria. Your assignment is to find out why this occurred and what happened to thousands of Jews as a result. Be very careful--keep your identity a secret--the SS is EVERYWHERE!! 1. What happened on the night of Kristallnacht? 2. What was the German reason for taking such drastic action? 3. How many Jews were sent to concentration camps as a result of that night? 4. What happened to the Jewish businesses? • Internet Links...Kristallnacht Kristallnacht---USHMMNight of Broken GlassKristallnachtJewish Virtual University--KristallnachtKristallnacht--University of Tolerance
Task #7The Final Solution • The Final Solution was the way the Nazis decided to deal with the Jewish problem. This 'Final Solution' would result in the death of over 5 million European Jews. Go behind the front lines and discover how this could be accomplished in a 'civilized world'. 1. What was the Madagascar Plan? 2. Why didn't the process of emigration (leaving Germany) work for the Jews? 3. Describe how the Jews were transported to the death camps. 4. Who was in charge of transporting the Jews to the death camps? • Internet Links...The Final Solution The Final SolutionThe Final Solution--USHMMAuschwitz and the Final Solution
Task #8The Concentration Camps • One of the most challenging assignments you will have in this time travel is to break into the concentration camps and report on them. You will find this assignment extremely unsettling, but the world must know what is happening there. Be careful that you do not end up as one of the victims! 1. Chelmno was one of the first death camps. Describe how the gas vans work. 2. Describe the living conditions at any of the concentration camps. 3. Forced labor is part of the concentration camps. How many hours are prisoners forced to work each day? 4. Describe the food given each day to a prisoner at Auschwitz. 5. How many people will eventually lose their lives at Auschwitz? 6. Using a map, name the six extermination camps that are located in Poland.Birkenau • Internet Links...The Concentration Camps ChelmnoExtermination Camps in PolandThe CampsAuschwitz--USHMMAuschwitz AlphabetLiving Conditions and Forced Labor
Task #9Medical Experiments • Jews became targets for gruesome medical experiments by SS doctors. Jews were maimed, disfigured, tortured and put through incredible pain in these experiments, and the majority of them died ghastly deaths. Step back in time and gather information about these atrocities. 1. There are three broad classes of medical experiments done at Dachau. What were they? 2. Why were the freezing/hypothermia experiments carried out on prisoners? 3. Why did Josef Mengele do so many experiments on twins? 4. List three other medical experiments that were carried out on the Jewish prisoners. • Use the links on the next slide to answer these questions.
Task #9Medical Experiments Continued (Internet Links) • Internet Links...Medical Experiments • Josef MengeleMengele, Angel of DeathJewish Virtual Library--Medical ExperimentsMedical Experimentation--TwinsMedical Experiments--TypesFreezing ExperimentsLists of Medical Experiments
Task #10Children and the Holocaust • It is estimated that 1 1/2 million of the 6 million Jews murdered during the Holocaust were children. The number of children who survived is estimated to be in the mere thousands. Here you will investigate the plight of Jewish children during this time period. 1. Why did the Nazis consider children unproductive? 2. What was the fate of most Jewish children? 3. What was Kindertransport? 4. Using the link, Biographies of Children, choose a child and tell what happened to her/him. Use the links on the next slide to answer the above questions.
Task #10--------Children and the Holocaust (Internet Links) • Internet Links...Children and the Holocaust Children and the Holocaust--USHMMChildren--BiographiesChildrenChildren and the Holocaust--What Happened to Them?
Task #11--------The Rescuers • At least two million Jews survived the Nazi terrorism in Europe because of aid given by courageous men and women who deplored what Hitler was doing. They put their own lives at great risk to save Jewish lives. Your task here is to find these people and tell the world about them. Look up the three people listed and briefly explain how these ordinary citizens helped save lives. Locate answers to questions 3 and 4. 1. Alexander Roslan 2. Cathie Poirier-Prous 3. Varian Fry 4. When Paul Gauinger allowed Jews to cross the border to safety in Switzerland, what happened to him? How was he able to accomplish this? 5. What does the term 'Righteous Gentile' mean?Internet Links...The Rescuers Album of RescuersHolocaust RescuersVarian Fry
Task #13Jewish Resistance • Many people think the Jews went to their deaths "like sheep to the slaughter.” That is not true, they fought back in many different ways. Your assignment is to infiltrate the ghettos and concentration camps and find out how they defied the Nazis. Needless to say, watch your step! 1. How long did it take General Himmler to put down the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto? 2. How many prisoners were able to escape from Auschwitz? 3. Why was it more difficult for prisoners to resist after being placed in concentration camps? 4. Name three methods Jews used to try and resist their fate at the hands of the Nazis.
Task #13--------Jewish Resistance Continued (Internet Links) • Internet Links...Jewish Resistance Jewish ResistanceResistance in Concentration CampsResistance 1942-1944Rescue and Resistance
Task #14--------Holocaust Statistics • You have almost finished your assignment on the Holocaust. You are now going to look at numbers and statistics. You will be shocked at the numbers that show the enormity of human loss during this short time period. 1. How many Jews were murdered during World War II? 2. How many non-Jewish civilians were murdered during World War II? 3. What other groups of people were persecuted and murdered by the Nazis? 4. What country lost the largest percentage of their Jewish population? 5. What countries lost over 50% of their Jewish population?
Task #14--------Holocaust Statistics Continued (Internet Links) • Internet Links...Holocaust Statistics Holocaust--36 Questions
Task #15 --------Holocaust Art and Literature • Art and literature helped document what happened during the Holocaust and gave the victims a voice so the rest of the world will not forget. Your final assignment is to take a look at some of the art and poetry created by adults and children in concentration camps. 1. Look at the art work of Yehuda Bacon and Waldemar Nowakowski. Pick one picture from either artist, copy it and paste it into a Microsoft Word document. Your teacher can help you do this if you do not know how. Below the picture, in your own words, tell how it makes you feel. What is the author trying to say? 2. Go to the poetry site and pick one poem. Copy one verse like you did with question #1 Using the same sheet of paper as you did for question #1, paste the verse. Below the verse explain in your own words how this poem makes you feel. When you are finished get permission from your teacher to print this out. • Attach this document to your webquest packet.
Task #15 --------Holocaust Art and Literature Continued (Internet Links) • Internet Links...Holocaust Art and Literature Holocaust ArtistsHolocaust Poetry