Polar Bears BEARS OF THE ARCTIC BY: KC
Physical Features • The polar bears are large. • They weigh up to 1,400 pounds and are 5 feet tall. • They have thick, white fur. • Polar bears have a black tongue, small ears, small eyes and long sharp claws. • They have a long snout with a small black nose at the end • They have four legs, but no arms • They have no scales, but they have skin under their fur
Habitat They live in the northern part of the arctic tundra. They travel on ice where ever it takes them from Canada to Greenland and sometimes Norway. Landforms They mostly live on flat land, but they need water to get their food. HABITAT AND LANDFORMS
Climate • The temperature never goes higher than 0 in the winter. • In the summer it is 37 to 54 degrees. • Since the arctic is so far from the equator it is one of the coldest places on earth. • There are snow storms all the time in the arctic and arctic tundra.
What They Eat • Polar bears are omnivores . • They eat seals, sea birds, fish, beluga whales, and walrus’. • They sometimes eat berries, kelp, and plants.
Prey and Predator Predator • Polar bears eat seals, beluga whales, and blowhead whales. Prey • Killer whale • Humans
Lifespan and Endangered Lifespan • They live up to 15 to18 years long. Endangered • The snow is melting so the polar bears are dyeing • Because they are losing their habitat,
Babies Female polar bears dig holes in the fall called dens. Female polar bears do not start having cubs until they are about 4 or 5 years old. This is when they have 1 to 2 babies. The babies stay with their mother for two to four years Species They are Ursus Maritimus. They are mammals. Babies and Species
Behavior • They swim to relax. • They spend a lot of time on ice. • They don’t live in groups they live alone. • They like to play and swim in the water. • Sometimes they are lazy and lay on the ice. • They have a great sense of smell. They can smell animals 20 miles away.
Physical Adaptation • They have white fur to camouflage in the snow. • It has thick fur to keep warm. • It has little bumps on the pads of their feet to help walk in the snow. • They have big, sharp claws to help them catch fish and hold onto the ice
Behavioral Adaptation • It swims around in the water to get food. • After they get out of the water they shake to dry off so they don’t freeze. • They are solitary and that helps them just have to feed themselves and not others. • They are playful that keeps them entertained in a lonely arctic tundra.
Physiological Adaptation • They have extra layers of fat all around to stay warm. • They have strong teeth to eat animals. • They are warm blooded so they can live and stay warm in the arctic tundra. • They are the biggest and strongest bears so they have strong bones and can fight off other animals. • It has black skin under the white fur so it soaks up more heat to stay warm.
FUN FACTS • There are 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears in the world. • Polar bears travel far to get food. • Polar bears are the biggest deadly bear ever. • Female polar bears would rather build their dens in "old snow" from previous years rather than the freshly fallen snow. • Polar bears tend to overheat more than to be cold.