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An Introductory Information about Optical Tweezers

An Introductory Information about Optical Tweezers

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An Introductory Information about Optical Tweezers

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  1. An Introductory Information about Optical Tweezers Mustafa Yorulmaz Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  2. Outline • History of optical tweezers • Basics of optical tweezers • Physics beyond optical trapping • Types of optical tweezers • Possible uses and research areas • A typical setup of optical tweezers • Illustrative examples from our laboratory Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  3. History of Optical Tweezers • The technique of trapping was first applied in 1984 at Bell Laboratories • In 1986, they showed a demo of optical tweezers • They showed the damage-free manipulation on cells using an infrared laser in 1987. 1970 - Optical Tweezers: A. Ashkin (*) (*) http://www1.bell-labs.com/org/physicalsciences/timeline/1970_ashkin_pop.html Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  4. Basics of Optical Tweezers • Optical Tweezers are examples of optical trapping which is a subfield of laser physics. • They are used to trap and manipulate particles (in range from mm to nm) and also to measure the forces (in range from 1 to 100 pN) on these particles • A strongly focused laser beam is used for trapping the particles. • The particles that are of interest has to show dielectric property. * http://www.physics.uq.edu.au/lp/tweezers/papers/nieminen2001jqsrt70/ Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  5. Physics Beyond Optical Trapping • Trapping occurs due to radiation pressure of laser which results by the momentum change of light. • There are two forces that let the particle to be hold in trap: • Scattering force: due to reflection of light (to push object) • Gradient force: due to refraction of light (to pull object) • nparticle>nmediumso that Fgradient>Fscattering • Using high NA objectives and high power lasers maximizes the trapping force. Schematic diagram showing the force on a dielectric sphere due to both reflection and refraction of two rays of light. Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  6. Types of Optical Tweezers Holographic Optical Tweezers Single beam optical tweezers Dual beam optical tweezers Experimental setup for our aerosol holographic tweezers http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/15545/ http://www.ffn.ub.es/ritort/research.html http://www.dundee.ac.uk/elecengphysics/tweezers/Research/aerosols_HOT.htm Koç University, Material Science and Engineering http://people.sabanciuniv.edu/meric/projects/twz1.jpg

  7. Possible uses and research areas Optical tweezer for force measurements By using optical tweezers, it is possible to • study and manipulate particles like atoms, molecules and small dielectric spheres (in range from mm to nm). • make force measurements of biological objects in piconewton range. Dielectric objects are attracted to the center of the beam, slightly above the beam waist, as described in the text. The force applied on the object depends linearly on its displacement from the trap center just as with a simple spring system. So, optical tweezers has opened up several important new areas of study in biophysics http://www.answers.com/topic/optical-tweezers?cat=technology In the lasest research; this technique has been used for • biological investigations involving cells • cutting and ablating biological objects (cell fusion and DNA cutting) • force measurements of cell structures and DNA coiling • elasticity measurements of DNA Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  8. A Typical Setup of Optical Tweezers f2 f1 M1 Collimation Nd: YAG Laser (1064nm) Illumination Microscope f3 f4 Telesentric M3 M2 O1 f5 CCD M4 Computer Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  9. Illustrative Examples From Our Laboratory: Manipulation of Microspheres Thanks to Ahmet Faruk Coşkun Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  10. Illustrative Examples From Our Laboratory: Manipulation of Vibrio Cholerae Thanks to Ahmet Faruk Coşkun Koç University, Material Science and Engineering

  11. Thanks.. • Questions? Koç University, Material Science and Engineering