Today’s topics: • Paulo Freire text • Voicing • Practice for essay: What do I stand for? • Questions? • Evaluation form
End of this course but the start of a new beginning… • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXYVVRwk1fY • What will your verse be?
Voicing • Human beings can give an account of themselves and of their place in the world. • “We have no idea what a culture would be where no one any longer knew what it meant to narrate things” (Paul Ricoeur) • We give meaning to our world and our existence, this is what makes us human (c.q. Freire): treating people as they lack that capacity is to treat them as if they were not human • Voice is a word for that capacity (a manifestation of the active agency of humans) • Voice is necessary: we have a desire to narrate, a desire to make sense of our lives. • Voice is not enough, we need to know that voice matters. • The offer of effective voice is crucial to the legitimacy of modern democracies.
Voice as a process • The process of giving an account of one’s life and conditions • ‘Giving an account of one’s life’ (Judith Butler, 2005): narrative is the basic feature of human action. As Charles Taylor (1986) puts it: “man is self-interpreting animal” • Voice is socially grounded: voice is not the practice of individuals in isolation. Our stories are entwined, and our individual story gets contextualized in the stories of others.
Voice as a process (2) • Voice is a form of reflexive agency. The act of voice involves taking responsibility for the stories one tells. • Both listening and speaking
Let’s hear your voices • Practice for the essay you have to write on “what you stand for”