EQ: How does Eli Whitney’s cotton gin lead to the Civil War?Cotton: White Gold of Georgia: Today and Yesterday
Cotton was a profitable crop but was not grown on a large scale because of the slow and difficult process of removing seeds from cotton bolls in order to produce a usable fiber • Invention of cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 changed this situation • Gin could easily and quickly remove seeds • Caused a fantastic explosion in southern cotton production • 3000 bales in 1790 • 178,000 bales in 1810 • 732,000 bales in 1830 • 4.5 million bales in 1860
South became the world’s leading producer of cotton by 1842 • Produced 2/3s world output and 65% of all American exports • Cotton mills in north depended on southern cotton • Prosperity in South caused by cotton made it a major market for northern manufactured products • Cotton was an important part of American prosperity and economic well-being • In 1860, 25% of all Southerners owned slaves. • Of that 25% • 52% owned 1-5 slaves • 35% owned 6-9 slaves • 11% owned 20-99 slaves • 1 % owned 100 or more slaves • Those who owned 20 or more slaves - about 3% of the entire white population - controlled the social, political, and economic power of the South.
http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/king_cotton_and_the_cotton_ginhttp://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/story/king_cotton_and_the_cotton_gin • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAUQNMldp_Y&feature=related
A Modern Cotton Gin. Modern cotton ginPicking Cotton
1. • How does the cotton gin work?2. • What products are made from cotton?3. • How do you think this cotton gin affects the slaves?4. • How do you think this cotton gin helps the plantation owners?5. • What would happen if this would never have been developed? How would it have changed life then and now? • 6. How did Whitney’s cotton gin lead to the Civil War?