“The Great War” • 1914-1918
The Central Powers(The Triple Alliance) • COLOR THESE BLUE: • The German Empire • Austria-Hungary • The Ottoman Empire • The Kingdom of Bulgaria
The Allied Powers(The Triple Entente) • COLOR THESE RED. • Britain • France • Russia • Italy • .... America
Use the link below to complete your timeline • TIMELINE
Archduke Franz Ferdinand • Assassinated, or killed, with his wife on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia. • “Black Hand”: A secret, military group. Part of Serbia. Behind the assassination. • Was to rule the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Austria- Hungary had an alliance with the other Central Powers.
Kaiser Wilhelm II • Crazy? • Took power in 1888, “New Course”.. • The Kaiser was extremely aggressive. Eventually, German soldiers gave up on him. • Abdicated, or quit, on November 18, 1918, thenfled to the Netherlands.
This political cartoon shows the division of China by England, Germany, Russia, France, and Japan. The fight for China was another factor that caused WWI.
Woodrow Wilson • President from 1913-1921. • Was a member of the Democratic party, was a Progressive. • Reinstated the draft after winning the 1916 election with the slogan, “he kept us out of the war”.
Nationalism • Use the glossary in the back of your textbook to find the definition of “Nationalism”.
The Christmas Truce • What did it look like? • December 1914, after 5 months fighting with over .5 million soldiers losing their lives. • Around Christmas Day, soldiers from all sides left the trenches to exchange greetings, souvenirs, and play soccer together.
“Total War” • What is Total War? • MOBILIZATION of all resources: both military resources and civilian resources.
Civilian vs. Military Personnel • “Business As Usual” is being • stomped by the British flag. • What does this mean for • civilians?
This is from a 1914 American newspaper. One of the four horsemen of the apocalypse.
Who is ‘King Kong’ supposed to be?
Lusitania • Use the index in the back of your textbook to locate the page of the book that contains information on the Lusitania. • How did this lead to America’s entry into WWI?
Zimmermann Telegraph • In 1917, Germany develops a diplomatic proposal; if the U.S. joins the Allied Powers, Mexico should join AGAINST the U.S. The telegram is intercepted and the American public becomes angry. • http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4938 • Political Cartoon
America joins the War • On April 6, 1917 President Wilson asks Congress to declare war on Germany. • This is a result of public anger over the Lusitania and the Zimmermann telegraph.
What Did American mothers Think? • http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4942/ Click on the link below and listen to the song while reading the lyrics posted below.
Doughboys • During the Mexican-American war, soldiers developed the nickname “doughboys”. This nickname remained with American soldiers in WWI, especially the American Expeditionary Forces. • The last of the WWI American Veterans: http://www.npr.org/2011/02/28/134124030/last-living-u-s-veteran-of-world-war-i-dies
Military Technology • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/worldwarone/hq/trenchwarfare.shtml Use pages 393-394 in your textbook to complete this section. Check out the game too!
The Red Baron • The most famous fighter pilot of WWI. • Credited with 80 ‘air combat’ victories. • Who killed the Red Baron? • Although he was German, he was given a full military funeral by the Allied Powers.
German propaganda poster. “We teach you to run”
Poison Gases • Listen Weapons of War
Verdun • READ THIS.
Somme • READ THIS.
Chemin de Dames • On the Western Front. • Between April 16- April 25, 1917: the French soldiers suffered 270,000 casualties and the Germans suffered 160,000. • The French had moved forward by only 500 yards.
Influenza • Known as the ‘Spanish Flu’. • Over 500 million people were infected with the flu between 1917-1920. • Between 50-100 million people died of the influenza.
Armistice • WATCH! • At the end, what did we learn? • "I think we learned a great deal from the Great War. The first point is that as soon as international warfare is launched, nobody can predict the outcome. The second thing is that international war breeds civil war, and civil war is uglier than international war because there are no limits. We also learned that the technology of warfare expands much more rapidly than the capacity of political leaders to control it. • And I think the final thing that the First World War taught us is that the easy access of individuals to democratic procedures is very fragile. Warfare suspends democracy. How high a price is victory? That's a question we owe to the First World War. Andthe question is still with us today." - Jay Winter.
Treaty of Versailles • Use the index of your textbook to look up, the Treaty of Versailles.
14 Points • President Wilson creates the 14 points as guidelines for a post-war agreement. • See it! Click here for a summary of each point.
The League of Nations • The League of Nations was an early attempt at The United Nations. • Tied Up! Read.
PTSD • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Also known as Shell Shock. • Some soldiers with PTSD were shot for ‘cowardice’.
Test your timeline Knowledge • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/worldwarone/hq/worldwarwhen.shtml
“The Hollow Men” • The Hollow Men
Recalling War • POEM
DULCE ET DECORUM EST • POEM
“In Flanders Fields” • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/worldwarone/hq/flanders_field.shtml
Other Websites to check out: • http://www.worldwar1.com/ • http://www.firstworldwar.com/