The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby: Cocktail Party • Quick Write – 10 minutes • Predict what you believe The Great Gatsby is about from hearing your line (and all the others). • Must be ½ page to 1 pages in length!
The Great Gatsby: Cocktail Party • IMAGINE You are going to a cocktail party! • At a cocktail party you: • Circulate • Talk to everyone • Exchange bits of gossip and tell yours • Listen to other bits of gossip • Draw conclusions from the gossip
Privy to • Adjective • Made a participant in a secret, knowledge of
epigram • Noun • Short call or remark; saying
perpetual • Adjective • Permanent, everlasting, ceaseless
sinister • Adjective • Mysterious, evil
Wistful • Adjective • Sad, regretful, thoughtful
Supercilious • Adjective • Contemptuous, haughty, disdainful • behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others :
divan • Noun • Couch
incredulous • Adjective • Disbelieving
wan • Adjective • Sickly or pale
Languid • Adjective • Slow, without energy
hulking • Adjective • Bulky
Infinitesimal • Adjective • Infinitely small, minute
extemporizing • Verb • Improvising
turbulent • Adjective • disturbed
cynical • Adjective • Distrusting of the motives of others • Holden Caulfield is a very cynical literary character. He hates everyone and thinks they are all phony!
Intimation • Noun • Hint or suggestion • He used intimation in order to subtly tell us he was leaving.
Do NOW • Go to the library and pick up The Great Gatsby • Come back and complete the Anticipation Guide • Provide justification for your decisions on the back of the paper.
Do Now: Model Fitzgerald’s Sentence Structure. • 1) Two shining arrogant eyes had established dominance over his face and gave him the appearance of always leaning aggressively forward” (7). • Pattern: 3 Adjectives +NOUN (body part) + verb + noun + and + Verb…… • 2) “Conduct may be founded on the hard rock or the wet marshes, but after a certain point I don’t care what it’s founded on” (2). • Pattern:
#1 • Her thin, plaintive voice had caused disbelief in the crowd and gave her the sound that she was singing, pained through a funnel. • Her big, sparkling, joyful smile had brought happiness over her face and gave her the impression of always loving life.
#2 • Wonder may emerge from a busy little ant, or the vast Grand Canyon, but if it is there, I don’t care where it comes from • Love may be sculpted in the hearts of ambitious dreamers or serene philosophers, but when it is formed you’ll find that all previous assumption will have been transformed.
#3 • And so with the chants of the crowd and my heart beating loudly, I had the familiar feeling that the show was about to begin. • And so with the delicate, white veil and the slick, black tuxedo, just as it is dreamed of by little girls, I had a feeling my life was about to change forever.
DO NOW: Model Sentence Structure • 3) “And so with the sunshine and the great bursts of leaves growing on the trees, just as things grow in the movies, I had the familiar conviction that life was beginning again with the summer” (4). • Pattern: • Your Model Sentence:
Gatsby • “He smiled understandingly—much more than understandingly. It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you may come across four or five times in life. It faced—or seemed to face—the whole external world for an instance, and then concentrated on you and an irresistible prejudice in yoru favor. It understood you just as far as you wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself, and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you that, at your best, you hoped to convey. Precisely at that point it vanished—and I was looking at an elegant youg roughneck, a year or two over thirty, whose elaborate formality of speech just missed being absurd. Some time before he introduced himself I’d got a strong impression that he was picking his words with car” (48).
The Great Gatsby: Character Analysis • Jay Gatsby: In the beginning of Chapter 1, Nick reflects on Gatsby: • “If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, the there was something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as if he were related to one of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away. This responsiveness had nothing to do with that flabby impressionability which dignified under the name of “creative temperament”. It was an extraordinary gift for hope, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person and which it is likely I shall ever find again. No—Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.”
The Great Gatsby: Character Analysis • Daisy Buchanan: In the beginning of Chapter 1, Nick reflects on Daisy: • “For a moment the last sunshine fell with romantic affection upon her glowing face; her voice compelled me forward breathlessly as I listened—then the glow faded, each light deserted her with lingering regret, like children leaving a pleasant street at dusk” • Reread this description carefully. • Focus on the diction and imagery as you state what you can determine of her character from this description. Be thorough and complete. Use phrases from the quotation in your discussion. • What do we know about Daisy from simply the first two chapters?!
Jay Gatsby • On a separate piece of a paper, draw an image created in your mind from the imagery in the story. Break your image down into a series of images. The, discuss underneath your drawing: What conclusions can you make about Gatsby? What predictions can you make about what has occurred?
Quiz: Part 1 Character Analysis • No more than five people in a group. • Analyze the following characters: • Nick Carraway • George Wilson • Myrtle Wilson • Tom Buchanan • Jordan Baker • Find the quotation that best describes them in chapters 1 & 2 • Cite it using MLA citation • What does the quotation show about that character?
Daisy Buchanan • “For a moment the last sunshine fell with romantic affection upon her flowing face; her voice compelled me forward breathlessly as I listened—then the glow faded, each light deserted her with lingering regret, like children leaving a pleasant street at dusk.” • Reread this description carefully. Focus on the diction and the imagery as you state what you can determine of her character from this description. Be through and complete. Use phrases from the quote in your discussion.
Gatsby Historical Background • Review Significant aspects of the 1920s
Prohibition • 1919 – 18th Amendment • Forced many law abiding citizens to consider breaking the law. • Resulted in bootlegging—the sale of illegal alcohol become big business often run by gangs. (Gatsby’s business) • Speakeasies served bootlegged liquor and there was the creation of the underground pipeline from Canada to import alcohol illegally.
Woman’s Suffrage • 1920’s – 19th Amendment – Women’s right to vote • More possibilities for woman equality, yet the concept of equality is new • Jordan is the new woman as a golf star • Daisy is a contrast to this as a more dependent, traditional woman.
Post World War I Era • Gatsby rumored connection to Kaiser Wilhelm II –Last emperor of Prussia who lead Germany during the war.) • There was a post war desire to “return to normalcy” • War restrictions were lifted and there was a prevalent feeling of desire to enjoy life which permeated the social scene. • Political outlook returns to isolationism – high tariffs and no interest in foreign affairs. • 1923 Investigators reveal wide spread corruption in Harding’s administration. • Gatsby refers to Wolfsheim fixing the world series.
Social Change • People moved off farms to the cities in record numbers. • Majority of the population now lived in cities which meant more demand for social events. • Rise in Movie theaters • Movies • Sporting events (baseball and golf) • Radio Broadcasting. • Night clubs • Dance Halls
Music • Latest craze in music was jazz and dancing the Charleston
Style • Flapper styles • Short skirts • Bobbed Hair • Rolled won silk Stockings were the latest fashion
Anthology Check in • Assignments you should have already collected (With Works Cited Information) • Due Friday: • 4 American Speeches • 1850-1900 • 1901-1945 • 1946-1980 • 10 quotations from famous Americans
Works Cited Information • Speeches: • Name: Provide the speaker’s name. • Title: Then, give the title of the speech in quotation marks • Meeting and Organization • Location of the Occasion • Date of delivery • Stein, Bob. “Computers and Writing Conference Presentation.” Purdue University. Union Club Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. 23 May 2003. Speech.
Anthology Check in • Political Cartoons
DO NOW: Art / Political Cartoons Anthology • Part 1: Describe your favorite of the four pieces of American art you should have brought today. In the same model of of Fitzgerald’s writing (Just be very descriptive) • Part 2: Then, explain why you chose it. What about it appealed to you? What spoke to you?
Anthology Section: Due Friday • Works by fellow Clayton Valley Students: • A scene or screen play from an American playwright. • 21March 22