CAPITALIZATION H10 Language Arts Matthew, Jake, Esther
(E)People and PlacesP. 240 -Family words used as proper nouns But! No capitalization if the word is modified by an adjective Ex) Can I buy a toy, Mom? I love my mom -Titles used with a name But! No capitalization if the title used instead of person Ex)Dr. Lee, Pastor Park, King Henry, Our king is the best. -Terms used as descriptive substitutes for proper nouns Ex)Old Hicktory (Andrew Jackson), Father of Music (Bach) -Personification Ex)Wind yells while blowing,Snow speaks to the people its falling above in the glooming sunlight.
-Countries, Continents, Cities, States, Streets, Roads, Oceans Ex)Korea, Texas, Seoul, Han River, Gulf of Mexico, The English did not have to leave England. -Geographic features Ex)Serengeti Plain, Rocky Mountain, The mountains rise above the grassy plains -Sections of a country But! No capitalization direction words when they refer to compass directions Ex)South America, East Asia, The school is west of the church. -Heavenly bodies Ex)Venus, Mars, Earth, Cygnus, God made the earth for man. The earth is round shaped planet.
(E)Constructions, Organization, and BusinessesP. 243 -Buildings, structures, monuments Ex)The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Statue of Liberty, Eiffel Tower -Aircraft, spacecraft, ship, train Ex) Titanic, Korean Air, Apollo7 -Political parties, governmental things Ex) Republican Party, NTS(한국 국세청) -Schools Ex) Harvard University,
-Organizations, Members of most organizations But! No capitalization for members of an academic class Ex) FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation), UN,CSI(Crime Scene Investigation) The junior class will visit the museum. -Businesses and Brand names But! No capitalization for common name of the product. Ex) NIKE, LG(Life is Good), Chanel, Microsoft How much is the Chanel handbag there?
(M)Religious, Cultural, and Historical Terms P. 245 -Names of religions Ex) Christianity, Hinduism -One true God But! No capitalization for common nouns or pronouns that refer to mythological gods Ex) The Holy Spirit stays in us. We have to believe in Him with strong faith Zeus was the Greek god. -The Holy Bible or Bible and parts of the Bible Ex)Book of Genesis, Holy Bible -Languages, ethnic groups Ex) Korean, English, Latin, the Celts, the Masai
-Days, Months Ex) January, December, Tuesday, Friday, Sunday, Presidents’ Day, Christmas -A.D. and B.C./ A.M. and P.M. -Historical events and periods Ex) Treaty of Ganghwa, World Warll, Hundred Year’s War -Awards Ex) Nobel Peace Prize, Academy Award
(M)Titles and First Words P. 249 -Newspapers, magazines Ex) ChosunNewspaper, ELLE, VOGUE -Literary works (books, essays, poems, and plays) Ex) AMidsummer Night's Dream, The Drummer Boy, Your Best Life Now (긍정의 힘) -Sections of a book or play Ex) Chapter 1, Part 2 -Works of Art Ex) Mona Lisa, Last Supper -Musical Components (songs, operas, and instrumental music) Ex) The Phantom of Opera, Moonlight Sonata
-Specific courses of study But! No capitalization for common noun for a course Ex) Language Art, Geography, This is math class, so take out your text book. -First word in a sentence Ex) Clean your desk. I am hungry. Wehave a beautiful painting called Water Lilies. -First word in a line of dialogue Ex) “Can you meet me at five?” asked Jared. “I am going to be a little late.” “Yesterday you forgot,” he continued, “and your mother had to do your job.” -First word in a line of poetry Ex)In winter , Even I wear a thick cloth, I’m still cold My heart is cold I need to warm up my heart So I think about you. -By Jake Lee
-First word in each item of a formal outline Ex) What is liquid? A. Jake B. Water C. Hamburger What is the national flower of Korea? A. Rose B. Tulip C. Mugunghwa -First word and all nouns in greeting of a letter, (Also, first word in the closing of a letter) Ex) Dear Dr. Samuel Johnson, Dear Love, Sincerely yours, Very truly yours
(J)Proper Adjectives and Other Words P.253 -Proper adjectives Ex) Swiss chocolate, Chinese noodles -I Ex) Where am I? Who am I? -O (Archaic address-form ) Ex)”Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication” (Psalm 55:1) -Single letters used as words (vitamins, musical notes, grades) Ex) Jake hopes to get an A in his English class. Vitamin C, The highest E key on our piano sounds great! -Letters used to clarify a following word Ex) U-turn, V-shaped valley, T-shirts
Let’s practice! Q. The “Great Army” of vikings from denmark was the first to come. A. The “Great Army” of Vikings from Denmark was the first to come. Q. But although wessex and the City of London were saved, the vikings retained a large section of england that became known as the danelaw. A. But although Wessex and the City of London were saved, the Vikings retained a large section of England that became known as the Danelaw. Q. Alfred the Great, who is called the father of the English Navy, could perhaps best be described as Alfred the Educator, since his greatest legacy was in the intellectual realm. A. Alfred the Great, who is called the Father of the English Navy, could perhaps best be described as Alfred the Educator, since his greatest legacy was in the intellectual realm.
Q. Astronauts named the gemini spacecraft after an astronomical constellation. A. Astronauts named the Gemini spacecraft after an astronomical constellation. Q. Some company names, like microsoft, come from a combination of words. A. Some company names, like Microsoft, come from a combination of words. Q. Sometimes the initials of an organization are pronounced as a single word; for example, opec stands for Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. A. Sometimes the initials of an organization are pronounced as a single word; for example, OPEC stands for Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Q. Most people today use the Gregorian calendar, although some ethnic groups or religions, such as islam and judaism, follow different calendars. A. Most people today use the Gregorian calendar, although some ethnic groups or religions, such as Islam and Judaism, follow different calendars. Q. The battle of the Bulge was an important event in World war II. A. TheBattle of the Bulge was an important event inWorldWar II.
Influence on Scottish • Influence on irish • Influence On other Languages • Dear dr. Samuel Johnson • Dear Dr. Samuel Johnson • dear Dr. Samuel Johnson A. “Ode To a Nightingale” by John Keats B. “Ode To A Nightingale” by John Keats C. “Ode to a Nightingale” by John Keats
Sincerely Yours, • Sincerely yours, • sincerely yours, • Read Chapter 2 of your book. • Read Chapter 2 of your Book. • Read chapter 2 of your book. A. In Food and Nutrition, we learned vitamin A is good for one’s eyes. B. In Food and Nutrition, we learned vitamin a is good for one’s eyes. C. In Food and Nutrition, we learned Vitamin A is good for one’s eyes.
References 1. (2009), Capitalization, http://www.grammarbook.com/punctuation/capital.asp Rule7, Rule10 2. Charles Darling, (1999 November), A Capital Idea http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/powerpoint.htm Examples of proper nouns in Power point presentation 3. jmcnamara, Capitalize this! http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/capitals.htm 4. Capitalization rules http://www.libraryonline.com/default.asp?pID=48 Holy Bible, Names/Personal 5. Jake, Alex, Wind yells while blowing, Snow http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112392/personification.html