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Capitalization

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  1. Capitalization Copy all notes in journals and complete assignments.

  2. Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts RULE #1 Capitalize the first word of a sentence Pioneers pushed the American frontier westward.

  3. RULE #2 Tyrone said, “The pioneers acted very bravely.” Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence.

  4. RULE #3 When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter. “They left their homes,” said Lee, “so they could improve their lives.”

  5. RULE #3 continued “Many pioneers went west for the rich farmland,” said Maria. “They also wanted to build new homes.” When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin the second part of the quotation with a capital letter.

  6. RULE #4 Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appear in quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that. Tanya read thatmany pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons.

  7. RULE #5 Dear Mrs. Johnson, Dear friend, Yours truly, Sincerely, Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter. Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed.

  8. Assignment #1 Worksheet Lesson #68 Study the review notes and follow the directions.

  9. Capitalizing people’s names and titlesRule #1 Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names. Meriwether Lewis Susan B. Anthony J. F. Cooper

  10. Rule #2 General Lee Sen. John Glenn Mrs. Adams Did Lieutenant Clark say, “Yes, Captain, I’ll go with you’? Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name.

  11. Rule #2 continued Clark himself was later promoted to captain. Thomas Jefferson, then president, planned the expedition. Do not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun.

  12. Rule #3 M. Katayama, M.D. Jan Rangel, Ph.D. Robert Ayers Jr. Capitalize the names and abbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr.

  13. Rule #4 In 1960 Father retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark. He was accompanied by Uncle Bill Capitalize words that show family relationships when used as titles or as substitutes for a person’s name.

  14. Rule #4 continued Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when they follow a possessive noun or pronoun. Sharon’saunt Janet wrote an article about the trip. Possessive Noun

  15. Rule #5 Social studies is the subjectIlike. Always capitalize the pronoun I.

  16. Assignment #2 Writer’s Choice text p. 541—exercise 2 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.

  17. Assignment #3 Classwork: Worksheet Lesson 69 TLW use rules of capitalization for names and titles.

  18. Capitalizing place namesrule #1 Capitalize the names of cities, counties, states countries, and continents. Houston Orange County Iowa Japan

  19. Capitalizing place namesrule #2 Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features. Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Mexico Niagara Falls Atlantic Ocean

  20. Capitalizing place namesrule #3 Capitalize the names of sections of the country. Midwest New England the Far West

  21. Capitalizing place namesrule #4 Capitalize compass points when they refer to a specific section of the country. the West Coast the North the Southeast

  22. Capitalizing place namesrule #4 continued Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction. Los Angeles is south of San Francisco. Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction. easterly wind western Texas

  23. Capitalizing place namesrule #5 continued Capitalize the names of streets and highways. Monroe Street Route 66 Mercury Boulevard Candy Avenue

  24. Capitalizing place namesrule #6 continued Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments. Chrysler Building Brooklyn Bridge Washington Monument

  25. Capitalizing place namesrule #7 continued Capitalize the names of celestial bodies. Pluto North Star the Milky Way

  26. ASSIGNMENT #4 Classwork: TLW identify and use the rules to capitalization for place names Textbook p. 543 exercise 4 in journals.

  27. Day 5 assignment TLW FOLLOW THE RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NAMES OF PLACES. CLASSWORK: Lesson 70 p. 241-244

  28. Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectivesRule #1 Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties. Data Corporation Boy Scouts Republican party

  29. Rule #2 Capitalize brand names but not the nouns following them. Cruncho peanut butter Spiffycleaning fluid

  30. Rule #3 Capitalize the names of important historical events, periods of time, and documents Battle of Yorktown Bronze Age Bill of Rights

  31. Rule #4 Capitalize names of days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Do not capitalize names of the seasons. Thursday April Memorial Day summer

  32. Rule #5 Capitalize the first word, the last word, and all important words in the title of a book, play, short story, poem, essay, article, film television series, song, magazine, newspaper, and chapter of a book. AWrinkle in Time “The Raven” Washington Post

  33. Rule #6 Capitalize the names of ethnic groups, nationalities, and languages. Asian German Spanish English

  34. Rule #7 Capitalize proper adjectives that are formed from the names of ethnic groups and nationalities. Asian languages Italian food English authors

  35. Assignment #6 TLW FOLLOW RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NOUNS AND PROPER ADJECTIVES Writer’s Choice text p. 545—exercise 6 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.