The Verb. Adding action to sentences since, well, forever.
Definition. • Recognize a verb when you see one. • Verbs are a necessary component of all sentences. • Verbs serve two functions: putting static objects into motion OR clarifying objects in meaningful ways (aka ACTION or LINKING). • Example: My grumpy old math teacher smiled at the cold meatloaf. • Francisco’s comic book collection is worth $20,000.00.
Definition. • My grumpy old math teacher smiled at the cold meatloaf. • “My grumpy old math teacher” = static object • “smiled” = verb • Francisco’s comic book collection is worth $20,000.00. • “Francisco’s comic book collection” – static object • “is” = linking verb
Some Other Examples The daredevil cockroach swam in Suzie’s soup. Theo’s overworked computer exploded. The curious toddler ate a grasshopper. The test is difficult. My crazy Aunt Maude had purple hair.
Action Verbs • Dance! Sing! Paint! Giggle! Chew! • All these words are expressing an action, something that a person/animal/force of nature/thing can do. • These action verbs can come in different forms – sometimes with suffixes like • –s, –ed, or –ing. • Example: Clyde sneezes with the force of a tornado!
Action Verbs • If you are not sure whether a sentence contains an action verb, look at EACH word in the sentence and ask yourself, “Is this something that a person can DO?” • For example, think about the sentence During the summer, my poodle drools and pants constantly. • Can you during? Can you the? How about summering? Can you mying? What’s that? No? Exactly. You can, however, drool and pant... so those are the action verbs.
Linking Verbs • Linking verbs, however, do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the sentence to additional information. They act like a bridge between the subject and what you need to know about the subject. • Example: Mario is a computer hack. • Mario is the subject. You need to know that Mario is a computer hack. Is makes that bridge. (Jerk)
More Linking Verbs • After receiving another failing grade in Algebra, Jose became depressed. • Become connects the subject, Jose, to something about him (Depressed) • A three-mile run seems like a marathon during a hot July afternoon. • Seems connects the subject, run, with additional information about miserable running is, ever.
List of Linking Verbs • True linking verbs are... • Any form of be -- am, were, has, been, are being, might have been, etc • Become • Seem • Then you have a list of verbs with multiple personalities • Appear, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, smell, sound, taste, and turn • These verbs depend on how they are used in the sentence.
Linking Verbs • In order to tell if it is a linking verb or action verb, try substituting am/is/are for the verb. If it makes sense, it’s a linking verb. If it sounds crazy, it’s an action verb. • Example: Chris tasted the crunchy grasshopper. • Chris is the grasshopper? NO! It’s an action verb • The crunchy grasshopper tasted good. • The crunchy grasshopper is good. YES! Linking verb!
Auxiliary Verbs • A verb may have more than one part. In fact, it can have as many as four. • A multi-part verb has a base (main verb) as well as additional helping (or AUXILIARY) verbs with it. Check it out. • Harvey might have spilled milk on Suzy. • Harvey should have been more careful. • Harvey is apologizing profusely.