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The Verb. PowerPoint Presentation

The Verb.

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The Verb.

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  1. The Verb. Adding action to sentences since, well, forever.

  2. Definition. • Recognize a verb when you see one. • Verbs are a necessary component of all sentences. • Verbs serve two functions: putting static objects into motion OR clarifying objects in meaningful ways (aka ACTION or LINKING). • Example: My grumpy old math teacher smiled at the cold meatloaf. • Francisco’s comic book collection is worth $20,000.00.

  3. Definition. • My grumpy old math teacher smiled at the cold meatloaf. • “My grumpy old math teacher” = static object • “smiled” = verb • Francisco’s comic book collection is worth $20,000.00. • “Francisco’s comic book collection” – static object • “is” = linking verb

  4. Some Other Examples The daredevil cockroach swam in Suzie’s soup. Theo’s overworked computer exploded. The curious toddler ate a grasshopper. The test is difficult. My crazy Aunt Maude had purple hair.

  5. Action Verbs • Dance! Sing! Paint! Giggle! Chew! • All these words are expressing an action, something that a person/animal/force of nature/thing can do. • These action verbs can come in different forms – sometimes with suffixes like • –s, –ed, or –ing. • Example: Clyde sneezes with the force of a tornado!

  6. Action Verbs • If you are not sure whether a sentence contains an action verb, look at EACH word in the sentence and ask yourself, “Is this something that a person can DO?” • For example, think about the sentence During the summer, my poodle drools and pants constantly. • Can you during? Can you the? How about summering? Can you mying? What’s that? No? Exactly. You can, however, drool and pant... so those are the action verbs.

  7. Linking Verbs • Linking verbs, however, do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the sentence to additional information. They act like a bridge between the subject and what you need to know about the subject. • Example: Mario is a computer hack. • Mario is the subject. You need to know that Mario is a computer hack. Is makes that bridge. (Jerk)

  8. More Linking Verbs • After receiving another failing grade in Algebra, Jose became depressed. • Become connects the subject, Jose, to something about him (Depressed) • A three-mile run seems like a marathon during a hot July afternoon. • Seems connects the subject, run, with additional information about miserable running is, ever.

  9. List of Linking Verbs • True linking verbs are... • Any form of be -- am, were, has, been, are being, might have been, etc • Become • Seem • Then you have a list of verbs with multiple personalities • Appear, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, smell, sound, taste, and turn • These verbs depend on how they are used in the sentence.

  10. Linking Verbs • In order to tell if it is a linking verb or action verb, try substituting am/is/are for the verb. If it makes sense, it’s a linking verb. If it sounds crazy, it’s an action verb. • Example: Chris tasted the crunchy grasshopper. • Chris is the grasshopper? NO! It’s an action verb • The crunchy grasshopper tasted good. • The crunchy grasshopper is good. YES! Linking verb!

  11. Auxiliary Verbs • A verb may have more than one part. In fact, it can have as many as four. • A multi-part verb has a base (main verb) as well as additional helping (or AUXILIARY) verbs with it. Check it out. • Harvey might have spilled milk on Suzy. • Harvey should have been more careful. • Harvey is apologizing profusely.