Vocabulary Quiz • Please staple your two vocabulary sheets together and place them in your basket up front. • Then, grab a vocabulary quiz. Begin only when I tell you. • GOOD LUCK!
Do NOW! • Write down your answers to the following questions wherever you keep your written “Do Now’s”: • How is modernism different from modernity? • What was Hemingway’s writing style like? • How does Hemingway use modernist techniques in the short story, “On the Quai in Smyrna?”
Five Literary Elements Found in Fictional Literature Characters: who Setting: where & when Plot: how Conflict: what THEME: why
Mini Lesson: Theme • What is a theme?
A theme is . . . • the author’s central message or idea in a story • expressed in a general STATEMENT
Take Notes! • A theme is . . . • A message or idea • Stated in a sentence • Arguable • Implied, not directly stated • EXAMPLE: Hard work results in success. • A theme is not . . . • A moral • Advice • A “you” statement • One word • NON-EXAMPLE: “Slow and steady wins the race.”
How to figure out the theme of a fictional story • 1. What topics or big ideas does the story deal with? • 2. What is the author saying about one of these topics? • 3. Put it into a theme statement!
Example with Little Red Riding Hood • 1. What topics or big ideas does the story deal with? • DECEPTION • 2. What is the author saying about one of these topics? • THE AUTHOR SHOWS THAT THE WOLF IS ABLE TO DECEIVE GRANNY AND RED BECAUSE THEY ARE INNOCENT. • 3. Put it into a theme statement! INNOCENCE CAN LEAD TO DECEPTION
“Indian Camp” • Let’s read • While listening to the audio book, please follow along. • Also, make sure that you are annotating. Mark it up! Look for literary devices, similarities to “On the Quai at Smyrna,” ideas of the modernists, etc.
Let’s figure out the theme of “Indian Camp” • 1. What topics or big ideas does the story deal with? • 2. What is the author saying about one of these topics? • 3. Put it into a theme statement!
Discussion Prep • As we already know, Hemingway imbeds pieces of his own life, as well as ideas of modernity in his texts. • The following slide has questions for you to briefly answer by annotating your text.
Questions for Discussion • 1. Questions about men and masculinity • Why is masculinity important to the story? • What is the relationship between masculinity and fatherhood? In what ways does Nick’s father embody or deviate from stereotypes about each? • 2. Questions about mortality • How does the story go from being about suicide to being about mortality? • Why do you think Nick’s father is eager to expose him to the reality of birth, but apologetic when he accidentally exposes him to the reality of suicide / death? • Why do you think that the last line of the novel is about Nick’s own mortality? • 3. Questions about suffering • What is the relationship between suffering and death in the story? • What exactly are we being shown about suffering? • Is it necessary to read suffering in the story as gendered?