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Splash Screen

Splash Screen

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Splash Screen

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  1. Splash Screen

  2. Chapter Introduction Section 1:Starting a Business Section 2:Sole Proprietorships and Partnerships Section 3:The Corporate World and Franchises Visual Summary Chapter Menu

  3. The profit motive acts as an incentive for people to produce and sell goods and services. Chapter Intro 1

  4. Imagine that you want to start a business. You will need to decide what your business will do, how you would like it to be structured, and whether you would like to work alone or with a partner. In this chapter, read to learn about the different ways that businesses are organized and what it takes to start a business. Chapter Intro 2

  5. Chapter Preview-End

  6. Section Preview In this section, you will learn about what a person needs to do to start his or her own business, as well as various forms of help available for business owners. Section 1-Main Idea

  7. Content Vocabulary • entrepreneur • startup • small-business incubator • inventory • receipts Section 1-Key Terms

  8. Academic Vocabulary • relevant • generate • document Section 1-Key Terms

  9. A B C Do you have any interest in starting your own business? A.Definitely B.Some interest C.Not at all Section 1-Polling Question

  10. Getting Started Businesses are started by entrepreneurs who are willing to take risks. Section 1

  11. Getting Started (cont.) • A person who starts his or her own business is called anentrepreneur. Section 1

  12. Getting Started (cont.) • An entrepreneur must: • Gather the relevant factors of production to produce their good or service. • Decide on the form of business organization that best suits their purposes. • Learn about the laws, regulations, and tax codes that will apply to their business. • Investigate their competition. Section 1

  13. Getting Started (cont.) • The federal government’s Small Business Administration, as well as other government agencies, often help finance startups. • Asmall-business incubator and the Internet also provide a wide array of information on how to start a business. View:Sources of Help for Business Startups Section 1

  14. A B C The small business incubator’s goal is to generate _____. A.jobs B.economic growth C.profit Section 1

  15. Elements of Business Operation There are four basic elements of business operation: expenses, advertising, record keeping, and risk. Section 1

  16. Elements of Business Operation (cont.) • Every business must consider four basic elements: • Expenses: • Inventoryand equipment • Wages • Taxes • Insurance • Utilities • In order to find out if you will make a profit, all expenses must be subtracted from your receipts. Section 1

  17. Elements of Business Operation (cont.) • Advertising: notifying potential customers you are open for business. • Record keeping: you will need a system to track your expenses and income. • There are programs on the Internet or software that can help with this. • Net worth—the difference between what you own and what you owe. • You also need to file your receipts properly for tax purposes. Section 1

  18. Elements of Business Operation (cont.) • Risks: you must balance the risks against the advantages of being in business for yourself. Section 1

  19. A B C D Which one of these elements would make owning your own business the hardest for you? A.Expenses B.Advertising C.Record keeping D.Risk Section 1

  20. Section 1-End

  21. Section Preview In this section, you will learn about common ways to organize a business. Section 2-Main Idea

  22. Content Vocabulary • sole proprietorship • proprietor • unlimited liability • assets • partnership • limited partnership • limited liability company • joint venture Section 2-Key Terms

  23. Academic Vocabulary • potential • temporary Section 2-Objectives

  24. A B C Can you explain the difference between a sole proprietorship and a partnership? A.Yes B.Somewhat C.Not at all Section 2-Polling Question

  25. Sole Proprietorship A sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one person. Section 2

  26. Sole Proprietorship (cont.) • The most common form of business organization is thesole proprietorship. • Theowner of a business is called the proprietor. Section 2

  27. Sole Proprietorship (cont.) • Advantages: • Satisfaction from being the boss and making the decisions. • Receives all profits • Low taxes Section 2

  28. Sole Proprietorship (cont.) • Disadvantages: • It can be demanding and time consuming. • You have unlimited liability • Personalassetsmay be seized to pay off debt. Section 2

  29. Partnerships A partnership is a business owned and operated by two or more individuals. Section 2

  30. Partnerships (cont.) • Businesses are also operated by partnerships. In a partnership, the partners sign a legally binding document describing how they will operate the business. Section 2

  31. Partnerships (cont.) • Advantages: • Each partner can work in his or her area of expertise. • Partners may have additional funds to use in business. • Taxes tend to be low. • The borrowing potential is high. Section 2

  32. Partnerships (cont.) • Disadvantages: • Decision making can be slower. • Disagreements can lead to problems. • You must share the profits. Section 2

  33. Partnerships (cont.) • Some partnerships are specialized: • Limited partnership • Limited liability company • Joint venture Section 2

  34. Section 2-End

  35. Section Preview In this section, you will learn about the characteristics and structure of corporations and franchises. Section 3-Main Idea

  36. Content Vocabulary • corporation • stock • limited liability • articles of incorporation • corporate charter • common stock • dividend • preferred stock • bylaws • franchise Section 3-Key Terms

  37. Academic Vocabulary • visible • distinct • annual Section 3-Objectives

  38. A B C Do you understand what a corporation is? A.Yes B.Somewhat C.Not at all Section 3-Polling Question

  39. Corporations and Their Structure Stock represents ownership rights to a certain portion of a corporation’s profits and assets. Section 3

  40. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • Acorporation is a business organization owned by many people but treated by law as though it were a person; it can own property, pay taxes, make contracts, and so on. • Stockrepresentsownership rights in a corporation that entitles the buyer to a certain part of the future profits and assets of the corporation. Section 3

  41. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • In terms of the amount of business done, the corporation is the most significant type of business organization in the United States. • A major advantage to operating as a corporation is its limited liability. • A disadvantage is that they are taxed more heavily than other forms of business organizations. View:Comparing Corporations, Partnerships, and Proprietorships Section 3

  42. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • In order to form a corporation, its founders must do three things: • Register their company with the government of the state in which it will be headquartered. • You will have to file the articles of incorporationwith the state where the corporation will be headquartered. Section 3

  43. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • These articles include: • Name, address, and purpose of the corporation. • Names and addresses of the initial board of directors. • Number of shares of stock to be issued. • Amount of money capital to be raised through issuing stock. • If approved, the state grants you a corporate charter or license to operate in that state. Section 3

  44. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • Sell stock. • Common stock is issued to raise funds. Stockholders are granted voting rights. • Common stock does not, however, guarantee a dividend. • Preferred stockcan be issued to raise funds. Holders have no voting rights. • Preferred stock guarantees a dividend each year and has first claim if corp goes out of business. Section 3

  45. Corporations and Their Structure (cont.) • Along with the other shareholders, they must elect a board of directors. • The partners select the first board of directors, and stockholders elect the next board. The bylaws of the corporation govern this election. • The board is responsible for supervising and controlling the corporation. • They hire officers to run the business on a day to day basis. Section 3

  46. A B C Which type of business do you feel is the best and why? A.Corporation B.Partnership C.Proprietorship Section 3

  47. Franchises A franchise is an arrangement in which a person or group obtains the right to use the name and sell the products of another business. Section 3

  48. Franchises (cont.) • Many fast-food chains, gas stations and hotels operate as afranchise. The parent company (the franchisor) sells to another business (the franchisee) the right to use the franchisor’s name and sell its products. • The franchisee pays a fee that may include a percentage of all revenues taken in. • In return, the franchisor will help the franchisee set up their business. Section 3

  49. Franchises (cont.) • Advantages: • Name recognition • A proven way of doing business • Advertising dollars largely paid by franchisor • The success rate of franchises is much higher than that of independently owned businesses. Section 3

  50. Franchises (cont.) • Disadvantages: • Loss of control in running the business the way you might like. • Sometimes legal trouble if one of the parties fails to hold up its side of the agreement. Section 3