Komodo Dragons Genre: Expository Nonfiction Author’s Purpose - Inform Reading Skill: Context Clues By: Thane Maynard Compiled by Terry Sams, Piedmont
Summary Even though Komodo dragons don't fly or breathe fire, they do look like little dragons. These reptiles - the largest lizards in the world - live in the Komodo Island area of Indonesia. The adult dragons can grow to be more than 10 feet long and can weigh a much as 250 pounds. They are strong enough to kill a water buffalo, which can weigh more than 1,000 pounds!
Genre: Expository Nonfiction • Expository Nonfictionisfiction that gives factual information about the real world. • It explains the nature of something, or tells what something is like. • It uses methods of expository nonfiction such as definition, comparison and contrast, example, and classification.
Comprehension Skill – Context Clues • When you see unfamiliar words, use context clues, or words around the unfamiliar word, to figure out its meaning. • The context may give a definition or an explanation. • Example: Animals that eat other animals are called predators • Sometimes a synonym is used as a context clue. • Example: Komodo dragons are carnivores, or meat-eaters.
Practice Context Clues TE 231a Go to page 222 and reread the first paragraph.
Comprehension Review –Main Idea and Details • The topic is the thing the author is writing about. The most important thing about this topic is called the main idea. • Some main ideas can be found in the first sentence or paragraph. • Sometimes the author does not state the main idea, and you have to infer, or figure out for yourself this main idea.
Research Skill - Encyclopedia • An encyclopedia gives general information about many different subjects. • Encyclopedias are organized in a set of volumes, or books, usually in ABC order. • An entry is an encyclopedia article. They are listed in ABC order also. • An entry word is the word or phrase that begins each entry and tells its subject. • A key word identifies the information you are trying to find.
Weekly Fluency Check -Read with Attention to Punctuation • Students should read with attention to punctuation, for example, using punctuation to help you read nonfiction. Both passages begin with questions which are answered in the body of the paragraph that follows. Encourage students to read with attention to how punctuation improves reading ease. • Go to pages 220, beginning at the top of the page.
Review Questions • Where do Komodo dragons live, and what is the climate like? • Describe a Komodo dragon. • Why do they stick out their tongue?
Review Questions • Why is the tongue “forked”? • Describe how baby Komodo dragons are born. • Why do Komodo dragons swish their tails back and forth?
Main Idea • On a clean sheet of paper, list the main ideas from this story about Komodo dragons.
Writing Assignment Write a paragraph telling what you have learned about Komodo dragons. Use any new words you have learned. Compare the lizards with other reptiles.
More Good Stuff • Komodo Dragons and their Island • Spelling Hang Man • Vocabulary Matching • Internet Workshop • Context Clues Practice • Reading Test • Spelling Test
Say It! • armor • fierce • harshest • roam • lizards • prey • reptiles
More Words to Know cold-blooded monitor predator
armor • covering worn to protect the body in fighting
fierce • savage; wild
harshest • roughest to the touch, taste, eye, or ear; most difficult
lizards • reptiles somewhat like snakes but with four legs and thicker bodies; cold-blooded animals with backbones and lungs
prey • an animal hunted or seized for food
reptiles • one group of cold-blooded animals with backbones and lungs
roam • wander
cold-blooded • having blood that is about the same temperature as the air or water around the animal
monitor • any of a family of large carnivorous lizards
predator • an animal that lives by killing and eating other animals
Spelling Words – Vowels with r • pour • fourteen • court • fourth • course • storm • morning • forest • Florida • form
Spelling Words – Vowels with r • serve • herself • certain • nerve • perfect • serve • herself • certain • nerve • perfect
This Week’s Word Wall Words Click and type your own words for this week:
Let’s review our words. Watch carefully because they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We will clap as we spell the word.