SCIENCE a process through which nature is STUDIED, DISCOVERED, and UNDERSTOOD.
Animal Science The PROCESS through which LIVESTOCK ANIMALS are STUDIED and UNDERSTOOD.
Animal Science Involves BREEDING, feeding, care and MANAGEMENT of animals; MARKETING and PROCESSING of animals and their PRODUCTS based on knowledge gained through practical EXPERIENCE and RESEARCH.
Domestication To adapt an animal for human use
Five requirements for domestication 1.The animal is VALUED and there are clear PURPOSES for which it is kept. 2.The animal’s BREEDING is subject to human control. 3.The animal’s SURVIVAL depends upon humans.
Five requirements for domestication 4.The animal’s BEHAVIOR (psychology) is changed in domestication. 5.Morphological (STRUCTURAL) characteristics have appeared which occur rarely if at all in the wild.
Wild animal not GENETICALLY altered by artificial selection for use by humans Example
Tame wild animal a wild animal that, through intervention of man, has adapted BEHAVIORALLY so as to be useful to humans. Example
Exotic animal a wild animal belonging to a species whose historic native range lies totally outside NORTH AMERICA Example
Domestic animal an animal that has been genetically altered from the original wild species for use by humans through ARTIFICIAL SELECTION Example
Feral animal a DOMESTIC animal that lives in the WILD with no human assistance Example
Feral population a REPRODUCING group of FERAL animals Example
Species a group of closely related animals that can INTERBREED and produce FERTILE offspring Example
Breed animals of common ORIGIN with characteristics that distinguish them from other groups within the same SPECIES Example
Type animals of the same SPECIES that are grouped together based on the PRODUCTS they produce Example
Functions of Livestock Food Clothing Power Recreation
Food Meat Eggs Milk Honey
Clothing Wool Leather Hair/Fur Feathers
Power Horses Mules, Donkeys, Burros Llamas, Alpacas Oxen, Water buffalo, reindeer, yak, camels
Recreation Pleasure Horses Purebred Herds and Flocks Livestock Exhibitions, Shows, Rodeos Horse Racing
Mainstream Domestic Animals Dairy Cattle Beef Cattle Sheep (Wool, Meat, Dairy) Swine Goats (Mohair, Milk, Meat, Cashmere) Horses, Mules, Donkeys, etc Poultry
Non-Traditional Domestic Animals Ostrich & Emu Deer and Elk Bison Aquaculture Llamas and Alpacas Alligators Rare Breeds of Domestic Animals
Top States in Beef Production 1. Texas 2. Kansas 3. Nebraska 4. Oklahoma 5. California Utah’s Rank 28th
Top States in Dairy Production 1. California 2. Wisconsin 3. New York 4. Pennsylvania 5. Michigan Utah’s Rank 25th
Top States in Sheep Production 1. Texas 2. California 3. Wyoming 4. Colorado 5. South Dakota Utah’s Rank 7th
Top States in Goat Production 1. Texas 2. New Mexico 3. Arizona 4. Oklahoma 5. California Utah’s Rank ?
Top States in Swine Production 1. Iowa 2. North Carolina 3. Michigan 4. Illinois 5. Indiana Utah’s Rank 20th
Top States in Layers Production 1. California 2. Ohio 3. Indiana 4. Pennsylvania 5. Iowa Utah’s Rank 33rd
Top States in Broiler Production 1. Arkansas 2. Georgia 3. Alabama 4. North Carolina 5. Mississippi Utah’s Rank ??
Top States in Turkey Production 1. North Carolina 2. Minnesota 3. Arkansas 4. Missouri 5. California Utah’s Rank 14th
Number of Farms and Ranches 1. Texas 2. Missouri 3. Iowa 4. Kentucky 5. Minnesota Utah’s Rank 36th
Land in Farms and Ranches 1. Texas 2. Montana 3. Kansas 4. Nebraska 5. New Mexico Utah’s Rank 28th
Utah’s Rank in Other Areas Mink Production 2nd Trout Production 6th Honey Production 24th