Peter’s Sermon on the Day of Pentecost Acts 2:23 – 2:39 Presented by Bob DeWaay August 22, 2010
A. Jesus – whom you crucified vs.23 B. David: “The Lord is at my right hand” vs.25 C. David died/ did not ascend vs.29 D. David prophesied vs.30a E. God swore/ Holy Spirit vs.30b F. Christ enthroned vs.30c G. David foresaw Christ/ 12 testify vs.31a H. Jesus raised from the dead vs.31b I. Jesus’ body did not rot!!! vs. 31cd H. Jesus raised from the dead vs. 32a G. David foresaw Christ/ 12 testify vs. 32b F. Christ enthroned vs. 33a E. God swore/ Holy Spirit vs. 33b D. David prophesied vs. 33c C. David died/ did not ascend vs. 34a B. David: “The Lord is at my right hand” vs. 34b A. Jesus – whom you crucified vs.36b
Compatibilism • Acts 2:23 this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.
Peter preaches the resurrection of Christ • Acts 2:24 But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.
Peter cites Psalm 16:8 - 11 • Acts 2:25 - 28 For David says of Him, “I saw the Lord always in my presence; For He is at my right hand, so that I will not be shaken. Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted; Moreover my flesh also will live in hope; Because You will not abandon my soul to Hades, Nor allow Your Holy One to undergo decay. You will make known to me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; In Your right hand there are pleasures forever.”
The Holy One could not be David • Acts 2:29, 30 Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. And so, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants on his throne,
Psalm 16:10 was about the resurrection of Christ • Acts 2:31, 32 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay. This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.
Peter cites Psalm 110:1 • Acts 2:33 - 35 Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear. For it was not David who ascended into heaven, but he himself says: “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.’”
“Made” here likely means “appointed” • Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ this Jesus whom you crucified.
The conviction of sin • Acts 2:37 Now when they heard this, they were pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brethren, what shall we do?”
The conviction of sin • John 16:7, 8 But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;
The call to repent • Acts 2:38, 39 Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.”
Implications and Applications 1) Preaching the gospel must include the issue of human guilt before God 2) The resurrection of Christ is central to the Christian faith and gospel message 3) The Holy Spirit works through gospel preaching to convict people of sin
1) Preaching the gospel must include the issue of human guilt before God • Acts 14:13 - 15 The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and wanted to offer sacrifice with the crowds. But when the apostles Barnabas and Paul heard of it, they tore their robes and rushed out into the crowd, crying out and saying, “Men, why are you doing these things? We are also men of the same nature as you, and preach the gospel to you that you should turn from these vain things to a living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that is in them.”
1) Preaching the gospel must include the issue of human guilt before God • Romans 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him.
2) The resurrection of Christ is central to the Christian faith and gospel message • 1Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
2) The resurrection of Christ is central to the Christian faith and gospel message • 1Corinthians 15:13, 14 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.
3) The Holy Spirit works through gospel preaching to convict people of sin • 1Corinthians 14:24, 25 But if all prophesy, and an unbeliever or an ungifted man enters, he is convicted by all, he is called to account by all; the secrets of his heart are disclosed; and so he will fall on his face and worship God, declaring that God is certainly among you.