1 / 23


Bacteria. Bacteria. Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Can be Both. Prokaryotic! Bacteria are the ONLY prokaryotes on Earth!. Remember!. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells. Prokaryotic. Eukaryotic. Larger & more complex Contain a nucleus Contain membrane-bound organelles. Small & simple NO NUCLEUS

Télécharger la présentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Bacteria

  2. Bacteria • Prokaryotic • Eukaryotic • Can be Both Prokaryotic! Bacteria are the ONLY prokaryotes on Earth!

  3. Remember!

  4. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Larger & more complex Contain a nucleus Contain membrane-bound organelles • Small & simple • NO NUCLEUS • No membrane-bound organelles

  5. Bacteria • Unicellular • Multicellular • Can be Both Unicellular! Bacteria are composed of a single cell!

  6. In what kingdoms can we find bacteria? • Protista • Fungi • Monera • None of the above Bacteria can be found in the kingdoms Archaebacteria & Eubacteria!

  7. Archaebacteria vs. Eubacteria Archaebacteria Eubacteria Cell walls NOT made of peptidoglycan Live in extreme environments Cell walls made of peptidoglycan Identified using gram staining Prokaryotic Unicellular

  8. Structures of Bacterial Cells • Plasma Membrane: selectively permeable for exchange of nutrients and waste • Cytoplasm: fluid inside of the cell • Cell Wall

  9. Structures of Bacterial Cells • DNA: free in the cytoplasm, but clustered in a “nucleoid region” • Flagella • Ribosomes

  10. Structures of Bacterial Cells • Pili: small protein extensions used to anchor themselves OR to help exchange DNA with other bacteria

  11. There are thousands of identified species of bacteria, but scientists have estimated that there are millions waiting to be discovered! So how do we classify all these bacteria? • Bacteria are classified according to: • Shape • Cell Wall • Metabolism

  12. What are some differences between the 2 types of bacteria shown here? Shape! • Bacteria come in 3 shapes: • Round • Rod • Corkscrew

  13. Classification by Shape • Coccus (cocci, pl.): round, can be found in clumps or lines • Baccillus (baccillis, pl.): rod shaped • Spirillum (spirilli, pl.): corkscrew (spiral) shaped

  14. Spirillum Coccus Bacillus

  15. Classification by Cell Wall • Eubacteria can be identified by the thickness of their cell wall. • Gram Staining determines how thick the cell wall is. • Gram + Bacteria: stains purple, have a thick cell wall • Gram - Bacteria: stains pink, have a thin cell wall Gram Negative (-) Gram Positive (+)

  16. Gram + • Gram + • Gram – • Both • Neither Bacillus anthracis

  17. Gram - • Gram + • Gram – • Both • Neither Spirillumvolutans

  18. Gram + and Gram - • Gram + • Gram – • Both • Neither Staphylococcus aureus& Escherichia coli

  19. A scientist uses gram staining on a colony of bacteria that she collected from a volcanic vent. What will her results be? Neither! The bacteria collected was archaebacteria. Gram staining will be ineffective, because archaebacteria do not have peptidoglycan in their cell walls. Gram staining can only be used to identify eubacteria! • Gram + • Gram – • Both • Neither

  20. Classification By Metabolism • Classified by how they obtain energy • Can be heterotrophic – obtains food from another source • Can be autotrophic – makes own food • Chemoautotrophs: make own food with inorganic molecules • Photoautotrophs: use photosynthesis

  21. Where can we find bacteria? What do you think the dirtiest part of the classroom is? • Your group will swab a location of your choice & see if bacteria are present. • We will check the growth in a few days.

  22. Directions to Prepare the Petri Dish • Pre-Lab Questions • Write your group’s info on the bottom (initials of all of the members, & class period) • Agree on a location to test. Come to me for a sterile Q-tip. • Rub 1 side of the Q-tip on the location, then lightly rub the same side onto the agar. • Draw your dish on your handout. • Replace the lid & tape it shut. • Place it on the tray.

More Related