CIS 105Survey of Computer Information Systems Essential Concepts and Terminology Study Unit 6
Application Software. • Computer programs that help you perform a specific task such as word processing. Also called application programs, applications, or programs.
Horizontal Market Software. • General purpose computer program used by many different kinds of businesses (for example, an accounting program) or many individuals.
Vertical Market Software. • Computer programs designed to meet the needs of a specific market segment or industry.
Custom Software. • Software that has been written specifically to meet the needs of a particular user.
Productivity Software. • Computer programs that help individuals work more effectively and efficiently.
System Requirements. • Minimum necessary specifications for the operating system and hardware configuration for a software product to function.
Software Piracy. • Illegally copying, distribution, or modification of copyrighted software.
Commercial Software. • Copyrighted computer applications sold to consumers for profit.
Shareware. • Copyrighted software marketed under a license that allows users to use the software for a trial period and purchase a license if they wish to continue use.
Freeware. • Copyrighted software provided for free, usually with the condition that is cannot be resold for profit.
Public Domain Software. • Software that has not been copyrighted, or is made available for public use, by its author.
Beta Version. • A preliminary release of a program during its final testing phase. Beta versions often contain errors and expire after a predetermined time period.
Software License. • A legal contract that defines the ways in which a program can be used.
Documentation. • Reference manuals and support materials that explain how a program works.
Maintenance Release. • A minor revision release of a program that corrects bugs and/or adds minor features.
Installation. • The process by which programs are copied to the hard disk of a computer system.
Office Suite. • A group of application programs packaged and sold as a unit.
Object Linking and Embedding (OLE). • The process that enables separate applications to exchange data and work in an integrated manner.
Launch. • The process of transferring program code to memory.
Wizard. • A sequence of dialog boxes that direct the user through multi-step software tasks, such as installing programs.
Template. • A version of a document that includes basic text, graphics and/or formatting for creating documents.
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