ReformattingMovingImages Hannah Frost Preservation Librarian for Digital and Media Collections Stanford University Libraries ALA ◦ AnaheimJune 29, 2008
Opportunities, compromises,and decision-makingin today’s media landscape
Digital audio is pretty easy. Digital video is not.
A dirty frame of 16mm film The Challenging Era work print (1961)Stanford University Archives
A clean film frame with digitization errorscaused by (unneeded) “dirt suppression” software process The Campaign for Stanford (1975)Stanford University Archives
1. Buckminster Fuller’s Archive
Preservation-Worthy Digital Video,or How to Drive Your Library into Chapter 11by Jerry McDonough, 2004. Available from the AIC EMG web site.
2. SAMMA Solo Beta Test
Survey Instrument for Audio andMoving ImageCollectionsColumbia University Libraries, 2008. Available from Columbia’s Preservation Dept. web site.
Latin Tempo segment - still: Laura Canales Y Encanto - "The Queen of Tejano Music”San Antonio, Texas May 10, 1984 Stanford University LibrariesDept. of Special Collections Analog video errors - green ring-shaped discoloration: Recording anomaly? Degradation?
Zona del Canal (Canal Zone) - still by Dalida Maria Benfield Date unknown Women in The Director’s Chair Collection Stanford University Libraries Analog video error - pink clouds (not at sunset): Color originally recorded “out of gamut”exacerbated in digital domain
Interview with Pedro Gonzalez Stanford University LibrariesDept. of Special Collections Collection suffers from media degradation: 1 of 9 tapes recoverable
3. 50 years of jazz recordings
DIGITAL • Uncompressed file • Standard Definition, NTSC • QuickTime wrapper • 10-bit, 4:2:2 • Stored on LTO data tape • ANALOG • Beta • U-Matic • VHS • Betacam SP >
Project OutsourcingNavigating through the Client/Vendor Relationship to Achieve Your Project Goals by Chris Lacinak, 2006. Available from: www.avpreserve.com/resources.html
3 URLs palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/video palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/motion-pictures videopreservation.stanford.edu
Thank you! Hannah Frosthfrost@stanford.edu