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Requirements of Participation Phase 2

Requirements of Participation Phase 2

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Requirements of Participation Phase 2

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  1. Requirements of ParticipationPhase 2 Presenters QIPMO Team Leadership Coaches: Nicky Martin and Libby Youse QIPMO Nurses/Clinical Educators: Wendy Boren, Katy Nguyen, Crystal Plank, Melody Schrock, Carol Siem QIPMO Nurse Emeritus: Sharon Thomas

  2. Requirements of ParticipationPhase 2 • Presenters • QIPMO Team • Leadership Coaches: • QIPMO Nurses/Clinical Educators: • QIPMO Nurse Emeritus: Sharon Thomas Nicky Martin Libby Youse Wendy Boren Katy Nguyen Crystal Plank Melody Schrock Carol Siem

  3. Leadership Coaches Libby Youse: North of green line Nicky Martin: South of green line

  4. Phase 2 Focus Areas • Behavioral Health Services • Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement – QAPI Plan • Infection Control – Facility Assessment and Antibiotic Stewardship • Physical Environment – smoking policies All phase 2 categories partially implemented in other phases.

  5. How are You Feeling about Phase 2?

  6. Objective: Help You Put the Puzzle Together by November, 28th 2017 • For each focus area: • Break down requirements • Provide resources • Provide tools • Show practical ways to meet requirements

  7. Resources in Conference App • AhcancalED Teaching Tools • Mr. McNally • Playbook • Overview Checklist • Federal Register – short version • Revised F-tags • F-tag Crosswalk • Phases Chart

  8. Resident Rights § 483.10 • The facility must provide immediate access to the resident by the resident representative • Immediate access provided to • Family and other relatives, subject to the resident’s right to deny or withdraw consent at any time • Other visitors, with consent of the resident, subject to reasonable clinical and safety restrictions. The resident may withdraw consent at any time.

  9. Resident Rights § 483.10 • Reasonable access • Any entity or individual that provides health, social, legal, or other services to the resident. • Subject to resident’s right to withdraw consent at any time.

  10. Resident Rights § 483.10 • Policies and Procedures regarding visitation rights • Clinically necessary or reasonable restrictions or limitations • Safety limitations • Federal Register page 68850

  11. Possible F-tags Under Resident Rights § 483.10 • 550-6 • 557-9 • 560-9 • 570-9 • 580-5 • State Operations Manual will describe which tags are given for which area of non-compliance. • See the F-tag Crosswalk for the entire list of new F-tags.

  12. Freedom from Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation § 483.12 • Ensure reporting of crimes occurring in the federally-funded long-term care facilities in accordance with section 1150B of the Act. • Federal Register page 68855

  13. Discharge Documentation § 483.15 Required documentation to be included in medical record and appropriate information is communicated to the receiving health care institution or provider when a resident is discharged or transferred: • Basis for transfer • Attempts made to meet needs • How the receiving provider is going to be able to meet those needs • Federal Register page 68856

  14. Baseline Care Plan § 483.21 • Must be developed within 48 hours of admission • Include the minimum healthcare information necessary to properly care for a resident included, but not limited to: • Initials goals based on admission orders • Physician orders • Dietary orders • Therapy services • Social services • PASARR recommendations, if applicable

  15. Baseline Care Plan § 483.21 • Resident and their representative must be provided with a summary of the baseline care plan that includes but is not limited to: • The initial goals of the resident • A summary of the resident’s medications and dietary instructions • Any services and treatments to be administered by the facility and personnel acting on behalf of the facility • Any updated information based on the details of the comprehensive care plan, as necessary • Federal Register page 68858

  16. Baseline Care Plan § 483.21 Crystal Plank and Melody Schrock will now share practical application tips on developing your baseline care plans.

  17. Comprehensive Person-Centered Care Plan (Baseline Care Plan)§483.21(a) Melody Schrock, RN, BSN Crystal Plank, RN, BSN, RAC-CT QIPMO Nurses/Clinical Educators MU MDS and Quality Research Team Sinclair School of Nursing

  18. Intent • Promote continuity of care • Communication among nursing home staff • Increase resident safety • Safeguard against adverse events that are most likely to occur right after admission • Ensure the resident and representative (if applicable) are informed of the initial plan for delivery of care and services by written summary of the baseline care plan.

  19. Guidance The baseline care plan should strike a balance between conditions and risks affecting the resident’s health and safety, and what is important to him or her, within the limitations of the baseline care plan timeframe.

  20. What is Person-Centered Care? • The facility focuses on the resident as the center of control, and supports each resident in making his or her own choices. • This includes making an effort to understand: • what each resident is communicating, verbally and • nonverbally. • identifying what is important to each resident with • regard to daily routines and preferred activities. • having an understanding of the resident’s life before • coming to reside in the nursing home.

  21. Documentation Include goals, objectives, and interventions that address his or her current needs. It must be based on the admission orders, information about the resident available from the transferring provider, and discussion with the resident and resident representative, if applicable.

  22. Baseline Care Plans (F655) • The facility must develop and implement a baseline care plan for each resident that includes the instructions needed to provide effective and person-centered care of the resident that meet professional standards of quality care. • The baseline care plan must— • Be developed within 48 hours of a resident’s admission. • Include the minimum healthcare information necessary to properly care for a resident including, but not limited to— • (A) Initial goals based on admission orders. • (B) Physician orders. • (C) Dietary orders. • (D) Therapy services. • (E) Social services. • (F) PASARR recommendation, if applicable. Preadmission Screening and Resident Review (PASARR)

  23. Baseline Care Plans The facility may develop a comprehensive care plan in place of the baseline care plan if the comprehensive care plan— Is developed within 48 hours of the resident’s admission. Must meet all the guidelines in the previous slide. In this circumstance, the completion of the comprehensive care plan will not override the RAI process, and must be completed and implemented within 48 hours of admission and comply with the requirements for a comprehensive care plan with the exceptionof the requirement requiring the completion of the comprehensive care plan within 7 days of completion of the comprehensive assessment. If a comprehensive care plan is completed in lieu of the baseline care plan, a written summary of the comprehensive care plan must be provided to the resident and resident representative, if applicable, and in a language that the resident/representative can understand.

  24. Baseline Care Plans Summary The facility must provide the resident and their representative with a summary of the baseline care plan that includes but is not limited to: The initial goals of the resident. A summary of the resident’s (current) medications and dietary instructions. Any services and treatments to be administered by the facility and personnel acting on behalf of the facility. (iv) Any updated information based on the details of the comprehensive care plan, as necessary. The summary must be in a language and conveyed in a manner the resident and/or representative can understand. The format and location of the summary is at the facility’s discretion, however, the medical record must contain evidence that the summary was given to the resident and resident representative, if applicable. The facility may choose to provide a copy of the baseline care plan itself as the summary, as long as it meets all of the requirements of the summary.

  25. In the event that the comprehensive assessment and comprehensive care plan identified a change in the resident’s goals, or physical, mental, or psychosocial functioning, which was otherwise not identified in the baseline care plan, those changes must be incorporated into an updated summary provided to the resident and his or her representative, if applicable. Once the comprehensive care plan has been developed and implemented, and a summary of the updates given to the resident, the facility is no longer required to revise/update the written summary of the baseline care plan. Rather, each resident will remain actively engaged in his or her care planning process through the resident’s rights to participate in the development of, and be informed in advance of changes to the care plan; see the care plan; and sign the care plan after significant changes.

  26. Surveyor Questions • Was the baseline care plan developed and implemented within 48 hours of admission to the facility? • Does the resident’s baseline care plan include: • Initial goals for care • The instructions needed to provide effective and person-centered care that meets professional standards of quality care • The resident’s immediate health and safety needs; • Physician and dietary orders; • PASARR recommendations, if applicable; • Therapy and social services. • Was the baseline care plan revised and updated as needed to meet the resident’s needs until the • comprehensive care plan was developed?

  27. Surveyor Questions (Cont.) If the resident experienced an injury or adverse event prior to the development of the comprehensive care plan, should the baseline care plan have identified the risk for the injury/event (i.e., if risk factors were known or obvious)? Did the facility provide the resident and his or her representative, if applicable, with a written summary of the baseline care plan that contained at least, without limitation: Initial goals of the resident; A summary of current medications and dietary instructions; o Services and treatments to be provided or arranged by the facility and personnel acting on behalf of the facility; Any updated information based on details of the admission comprehensive assessment. CMS Manual System Transmittal Pub. 100-07 State Operations Provider Certification-169- Advanced copy. Pages 201-205

  28. Impact inOther Areas If the resident has been in the facility for less than 14 days (before completion of all the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) is required), the baseline care plan (will be reviewed) which must be completed within 48 hours to determine if the facility is providing appropriate care and services based on information available at the time of admission. Could impact: Quality of Care (tag F684), Vision and Hearing (tag F685), Skin Integrity (tag F686), Falls (tag F689), Parenteral Fluids (F694) Dialysis (tag F698), Hospice (tag F849), Infection Control (tag F880). CMS Manual System Transmittal Pub. 100-07 State Operations Provider Certification-169- Advanced copy. Pages 254, 258, 274, 300, 340, 373, 609, 637.

  29. Nursing Services §483.35 • Develop and implement processes to assess competencies of nursing staff. • Develop and implement processes to determine “sufficient nursing staff” to meet requirements for nursing services, based on facility assessment. • See §483.70 (Facility Assessment)

  30. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 Each resident must receive and the facility must provide the necessary behavioral health care and services to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being, in accordance with the comprehensive assessment and plan of care. Behavioral health encompasses a resident’s whole emotional and mental well-being, which includes, but is not limited to, the prevention and treatment of mental and substance use disorders.

  31. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 (a) The facility must have sufficient staff who provide direct services to residents with the appropriate competencies and skills sets to provide nursing and related services to assure resident safety and attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental and psychosocial well-being of each resident, as determined by resident assessments and individual plans of care and considering the number, acuity and diagnoses of the facility’s resident population

  32. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 in accordance with 483.70(e). These competencies and skills sets include, but are not limited to, knowledge of and appropriate training and supervision for: (2) Implementing non-pharmacological interventions.

  33. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 (b)Based on the comprehensive assessment of a resident, the facility must ensure that— (3) A resident who displays or is diagnosed with dementia, receives the appropriate treatment and services to attain or maintain his or her highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being.

  34. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 (c) If rehabilitative services such as but not limited to physical therapy, speech-language pathology, occupational therapy, and rehabilitative services for mental disorders and intellectual disability, are required in the resident’s comprehensive plan of care, the facility must— (1) Provide the required services, including specialized rehabilitation services as required in §483.65; or (2) Obtain the required services from an outside resource (in accordance with 483.70(g) of this part) from a Medicare and/or Medicaid provider of specialized rehabilitative services.

  35. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 • Phase 3 • Caring for residents with mental and psychosocial disorders, as well as residents with a history of trauma and/ or post-traumatic stress disorder, that have been identified in the facility assessment conducted pursuant to 483.70(e).

  36. Behavioral Health Services §483.40 Wendy Boren will now expand our knowledge of the Behavioral Health Services portion of the Rules of Participation.

  37. Behavioral Health Services

  38. Behavioral Health Services “In the United States, it is estimated that approximately 26.4 percent of the population suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder.1 These disorders – which can include serious mental illnesses, substance use disorders, and depression – are associated with poor health outcomes, increased costs, and premature death.2 Although general behavioral health disorders are widespread, the burden of serious mental illness is concentrated in about six percent of the population.3 In addition, many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at any given time; nearly half of those suffering from one mental illness meet the criteria for at least two more.4 By 2020, behavioral health disorders are expected to surpass all physical diseases as the leading cause of disability worldwide. Source: Behavioral Health Phase II, Draft Technical Report for Comment, June 30, 2013, National Quality Forum

  39. Behavioral Health Services In 2005, an estimated $113 billion was spent on mental health treatment in the United States. $22 billion of that amount was spent on substance use treatment alone, making substance use one of the most costly (and treatable) illnesses in the nation.6 Financial estimates for behavioral health disorders inflate substantially when wider social costs are factored in such as criminal, welfare, juvenile, and future earnings potential.” Source: Behavioral Health Phase II, Draft Technical Report for Comment, June 30, 2013, National Quality Forum

  40. Behavioral Health Services In 2005, an estimated $113 billion was spent on mental health treatment in the United States. $22 billion of that amount was spent on substance use treatment alone, making substance use one of the most costly (and treatable) illnesses in the nation.6 Financial estimates for behavioral health disorders inflate substantially when wider social costs are factored in such as criminal, welfare, juvenile, and future earnings potential.” Source: Behavioral Health Phase II, Draft Technical Report for Comment, June 30, 2013, National Quality Forum

  41. Why Behavioral Health Management in Long-term Care? • $$$ • Consumer-acceptance/popularity • Cheaper to keep people in their homes than in nursing home (think Money Follows Person) • This population of need is getting younger and have nowhere to go but to YOU! CMS says, we gotta do better!

  42. Where else are they going to go?