Download
personal protective equipment n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Personal Protective Equipment PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

338 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Personal Protective Equipment

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Personal Protective Equipment

  2. Adapted from: OSHA 3151-12R2003 Personal Protective Equipment document

  3. Learning Objective • Upon completion of this unit the participants will be able to identify the need for Personal Protective Equipment on Wisconsin Dairy Farms.

  4. Learner Outcomes • Identify the requirements for PPE. • Develop a hazard assessment program as it pertains to PPE. • Evaluate a variety of PPE devices and determine the types of equipment necessary for their farm. • Understand the training requirements for the workers on proper usage of PPE.

  5. Hazards on the farm • sharp edges • falling objects • flying sparks • chemicals • noise • other potentially dangerous situations

  6. HAZARD ASSESSMENT • Walk through survey • Organize and analyze data- determine need for PPE • Reassess as changes are made to the job

  7. Protection from Physical hazards • Moving objects • Fluctuating temperatures • Rolling or pinching objects • Electrical connections • Sharp edges

  8. Protection from health hazards Health hazards on the farm • Dusts • Chemicals • Radiation • Heat • Noise • Ergonomics

  9. Otherissues • Sources of electricity • Impact between employee and equipment • Radiation from welding • Biologic hazards - zoonotic issues

  10. Elimination of hazards: Engineeringcontrols • Preferred method • Eliminate or reduce exposure

  11. Elimination of hazards: AdministrativeControls • Eliminate or reduce the exposure • Job rotations, varied hours

  12. PersonalProtectiveEquipment • Least preferred method

  13. Employer’sresponsibilities • Perform hazard assessment • Identify and provide appropriate PPE • Train on use and care • Maintain; replace when worn or damaged • Review, update and evaluate PPE program

  14. Employee’sresponsibilities • Properly wear PPE • Attend training sessions on PPE • Care for, clean and maintain PPE • Inform a supervisor of the need to repair or replace PPE

  15. PPESelection • Safe design and construction • Easy of maintenance • Fit and comfort • Are the PPE compatible if worn together • Must meet standards developed by American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

  16. Training • Required to train on proper use before allowed to preform the task • When to wear • What to wear • How to put on, take off • Limitations • How to care for it

  17. Evaluateanddocument • Document each employees training and test their ability to use PPE correctly • Name of employee • Date trained • Subject of training • Qualifications of trainer

  18. Typesofppe • Eye/face • Head • Foot/leg • Hand/arm • Ears • Lungs

  19. EyeandFaceProtection • Flying particles • Liquid chemicals • Chemical gases or vapors • Potentially infected material • Potentially harmful light radiation

  20. PrescriptionLenses • Regular prescription corrective lenses do not provide adequate protection • Incorporate the prescription into the design • Wear additional eye protection over their prescription lenses.

  21. Eye Protection on a Dairy Farm • When handling chemicals in the milk house or shop • Making repairs to structures or machinery • Areas where there is a high level of dust • Whenever there is possibility or likelihood of flying particles

  22. EYE & FACE PROTECTION • Fit properly and be comfortable • Unrestricted vision and movement • Durable and cleanable • Unrestricted functioning of any other PPE

  23. Types of Eye Protection Safety eye glasses: • Constructed of metal or plastic • Impact-resistant lenses. • Side shields (ANSI approved)

  24. Eye Protection Goggles: • Tight-fitting eye protection • Protection from impact, dust and splashes • Fit over corrective lenses

  25. Eye Protection • Face Shields: • Transparent sheets of ANSI approved plastic • Extend from eyebrows to below the chin and across the entire width of the employee's head

  26. Foot and Leg Protection • Risk of possible foot or leg injuries • From falling, rolling objects • Crushing or penetrating materials

  27. Types of foot and leg protection Leggings: protect legs while welding Steel toed boots Boots: provide slip resistance on wet surfaces Comfortable to wear and the correct fit

  28. Hand and arm protection • skin absorption of harmful substances • chemical or thermal burns • electrical dangers • bruises • abrasions • cuts • punctures • fractures • amputations • Potential hazards include:

  29. PPE: Gloves for Different Uses Natural Rubber Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVC) Nitrile Neoprene Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Leather Anti-vibration Welding Cotton Wire mesh Kevlar

  30. Care of Gloves • Inspect before each use not torn, punctured • Fill glove with water and tightly roll cuff • Discolored or stiff don’t use

  31. Hearing Protection • Exposure to excessive noise: • Measured in decibels (dB) • 85 dB protection should be available • Permissible exposure for 8 hours = 90 dB without protection • Length of time exposed • Employee movement • OSHA consultation

  32. Hearing Protection • Single use ear plugs: • Pre-formed or molded ear plugs: • Ear muffs:

  33. respiratoryissues • Pesticide vapors • Dusty fields • Hydrogen sulfide in manure pits • Nitrogen dioxide in silos. • Farmer’s Lung and Organic Dust Toxicity Syndrome (ODTS) • Allergic reactions to dust from moldy hay or grain

  34. Respiratory issues • Dust: largest of the particles • Molds: released from hay or grain when disturbed • Mists: suspended liquid droplets • Fumes: solid particles of evaporated metals (welding)

  35. Respiratory issues • Gases: gaseous at room temperature hydrogen sulfide (manure pits), nitrogen dioxide (Silo gas), carbon monoxide • Vapors: evaporate from liquid – pesticides, paint

  36. Respiratory issues • Oxygen deficient atmosphere: manure storage pits, sealed silos • Structures when oxygen level is below 21%

  37. Categoriesofrespirators • Air purifying • Supplied air • The cartridge and respirator must be made by the same manufacturer

  38. Air Purifying • Filters • Do not supply oxygen • Good for molds, dust • Chemical cartridge • Low concentrations of gases, vapors • Activated charcoal

  39. Mechanical filter • Dust, mists, metal fumes • 2 elastic straps for a better seal

  40. Supplied-air respirators • Only kind to be used in IDLH situations • Manure pits, sealed silos, fumigated bins • Air line respirators: clean air through hose connected to air pump • Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA): portable air tank scuba divers, fire fighters

  41. Proper use issues • Glasses, gum, tobacco chewing, facial hair can prevent a proper fit • Do not wear contacts • Proper cleaning and storage of PPE • Inspect for damage • Replace as needed

  42. Employee objections to PPE • Involve employees in PPE plan • Be an example • Educate employees • Listen to employee complaints • Easy to care for PPE

  43. Personal Hazards • Jewelry: rings = amputated fingers • Loose clothing • Hood strings • Long hair not tied • Ear buds for music devices • Contact lenses • Transition lenses

  44. PPE REVIEW 1. What is a current hazard on your farm that is controlled with a type of PPE?

  45. PPE REVIEW 2. Could this hazard be controlled administratively?

  46. PPE REVIEW 3. Could this hazard be controlled by using an engineering control?

  47. PPE REVIEW 4. Name a place on your farm where each of these types of PPE should be implemented:

  48. This material was produced under grant number SH-22318-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.