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The Spanish Alphabet

The Spanish Alphabet

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The Spanish Alphabet

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  1. The Spanish Alphabet “El alfabeto”

  2. Some notes on the Spanish alphabet… • In English, sometimes vowels take on different pronunciations • Pronounce the following words: • back, bake • water, later • roaring, pouring • In Spanish, 99.99999999% of the time, vowels keep the same pronunciation, making it very easy to pronounce the word if you know how each letter is pronounced

  3. Aa [ah] amigo, manzana

  4. Bb [bey] Bolígrafo

  5. *Soft C sounds like sent or cent; before the vowels “e” or “i” precio, principal *Hard C sounds like cat or the letter k; before all other letters Cinco, poco, como Cc [se]

  6. Ch [che] Chico

  7. Dd [dey] Dos

  8. Ee [e] elefante

  9. Ff [effe] Falda

  10. *Soft G sounds like h in hint or house; before vowels “e” or “i” gigante, gesto *Hard G sounds like go; before all other letters garage, goma Garage, goma, tengo Gg [hay]

  11. NEVER PRONOUNCED!!! Hh Hola, ahora *Pronounce the vowel after! [ah-che]

  12. Ii [ee]

  13. Pronounced like an H…yes you do make the H sound with this letter… Jj junio, julio [hota]

  14. Kk [kah]

  15. Ll [elay] Lola, Lima, limón

  16. ll **Pronounced like a Y, as in yes or year Tortilla Ella Ellos [ay-yay]

  17. Mm [em-eh]

  18. Nn [en-eh]

  19. Ny sound, like in canyon or ni in onion España año ñ [en-yay]

  20. Oo [oh]

  21. Pp [peh]

  22. Qq [ku]

  23. Rr [ere] Pero, para, rápido

  24. Many are unable to roll their r’s right away, so if you can’t, don’t worry  rr [errrrrre] (roll tongue)

  25. Ss [ese]

  26. Tt [te]

  27. Uu [oo]

  28. Pronounced like B, but slightly more soft Vv [ve] vaso

  29. Ww [doblay ve]

  30. Exam, extraño, excelente Xx [eh-kees] *may be pronounced like an English “H” in some words– México, Texas

  31. *Pronounced like: 1. the letter i at the end of a word (hoy) 2. like the y in yes (ya) Yy [ee-gre-egg-ah]

  32. *Pronounced like the letter s *In Spain, pronounced like the letters th (lisp) Zz [zeta] Zapatos, zorro

  33. ¡Que Bueno! You are now a master of the alfabeto…