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  1. El Presente Los 10 Verbos más comunes del Español y los Verbos regulares, reflexivos, de bota, y irregulares

  2. Verbos y Sujetos • In spanishverbschangetheirendingtoindicatewhatsubjectisdoingtheverb´saction • Thatsubject can beanyperson, place orthing • Subjectpronouns (or personal pronouns) can takethe place of a person´sname.

  3. Conjugación • Conjugationistheprocess of changingverbstoindicatewhichsubjectisdoingtheaction of theverb • Toconjugateyou: • Take off theinfinitiveending (AR, ER, IR) • Replacewithsubjectending

  4. Los 10 Verbos Más Comunes del Español 1. Estar—estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están (tobe) 2. Ir—voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van (togo) 3. Ser—soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son (tobe) 4. Hacer—hago, haces, hace, hacemos, hacéis, hacen (to do/make) 5. Tener—tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tenéis, tienen (tohave)

  5. Los 10 Verbos Más Comunes del Español (cont.) 6. Decir—digo, dices, dice, decimos, decís, dicen (tosay) 7. Venir—vengo, vienes, viene, venimos, venís, vienen (to come) 8. Oir—oigo, oyes, oye, oímos, oís, oyen (tohear) 9. Poder—puedo, puedes, puede, podemos, podéis, pueden (tobeableto) 10. Poner—pongo, pones, pone, ponemos, ponéis, ponen (toput/place)

  6. Reflexive Verbs • The subject of a verb is the person or thing “doing” the verb • The object of a verb is the person or thing receiving the action of the verb • A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. • Ejemplo: I wash myself.subject: I verb: wash object: myself • Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive. • I wash the car.subject: I verb: wash object: car • Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.

  7. VerbosReflexivos • When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se.“ • ejemplos: lavarse, despertarse, acostarse • When you learned to conjugate regular verbs, you needed to learn a set of pronouns called "subject pronouns." • Ejemplo: lavar—yolavo, tú lavas, él, ella, ud. lava etc. • To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called "reflexive pronouns." • When conjugating these pronouns are positioned before the verb, the ending "se" is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally. • Ejemplo: lavarse—yomelavo: I wash (myself)

  8. Verbos Reflexivos • The reflexive pronouns: • me (myself)te (yourself)se (himself, herself, yourself)nos (ourselves)os (yourselves)se (themselves, yourselves) • The purpose of the reflexive pronouns is to show that the subject takes action on themselves. • Ejemplo: Juan se lava la cara: Juan washes his face. (reflexive) • Juan lava sucarro.(non-reflexive) : Juan washes his car. • Note: When referring to body parts (reflexive), use the definite article, thus "la cara" not "sucara."

  9. Verbos Reflexivos • Note that many, many verbs can be made reflexive. All it means when a verb is reflexive is that the action remains with the subject. • EN FIN: LOS PASOS • 1: take off the “se,” match ittothesubject—subject and object are thesame—and position it in front of theverb • 2: conjugatetheverbnormallyforthesubject (justlikealways)

  10. Verbos de Bota Stem-changingverbs

  11. Verbos de Bota • Some verbs change their STEM, the part of the verb before their AR, ER, or IR ending. • The stem-changing verbs in the present tense change in all formsexcept the nosotros and vosotros forms. • We say that these changes occur in the BOOT • The common stem-changes are o-ue, e-ie and e-i

  12. Ejemplos O-UE E-IE E-I Poder: Querer: Pedir: