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Gothic

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Gothic

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  1. Gothic Fu Hui Yan

  2. Gothic • Arose in Northern France • In the later Renaissance • From 2nd half of the 12th century to the beginning of the 16th century • Spread throughout Europe • Broke the round arch of the preceding Romanesque period into 2 intersecting arcs of a circle

  3. Gothic • Created vaulted interiors of unprecedented height • Reduced wall mass to a minimum • Public buildings and occasional mansion, esp. churches • Closely related to religion • Building high to close with the God • 1st Gothic structure: the choir of the abbey church ant St Denis, north of Paris, 1144

  4. Styles • Heavy • Dark • Melancholy • Monkish • High • Open

  5. Styles • Different from the ancient Greek and Roman architecture : • Use • Proportion • Beauty • Accomplishment • Perfection

  6. Features • Pointed arches • A pointed curved structure of masonry spanning an opening

  7. Features • Flying buttresses • A mass of masonry or brickwork • Resist the pressure of an arch, roof or vault • Stands away from the wall • Appearing to fly through space • Providing invisible support via an arch at the main point of stress

  8. Features • Flying buttresses

  9. Features • Tracery • The ornamental patternwork in stone filling the upper part of a Gothic window

  10. Features • Great expanses of stained glass

  11. Features • Sharply pointed spires

  12. Features • Stone vaulted ceiling

  13. Notre-Dame de Reims • Cathedral of Reims, the kings of France were once crowned • Towers : 81m tall • Southern tower contains 2 great bells, including the one called “Charlotte” • Interior of the cathedral : 138.75m long • Nave of the cathedral : 30m wide • Centre of the cathedral : 38m high

  14. Notre-Dame de Reims • The architectural form and visual representation of the rose window were combined, to form a symbol of Christian order • Added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1991

  15. Notre-Dame de Reims West facade From the southeast

  16. Notre-Dame de Reims Pointed arch with Gothic tracery

  17. Notre-Dame de Reims Statues Flying Buttresses

  18. Notre-Dame de Reims Plan Section

  19. Notre-Dame de Reims Nave Nave Elevation

  20. Notre-Dame de Reims Rose Window

  21. Notre-Dame de Reims Stone Vaulted Ceiling

  22. The End