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AIAA Aviation Delegation to China

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  1. AIAA Aviation Delegation to China 23 October – 1 November 2011 Beijing, Xi’an and Shanghai

  2. 2011 AIAA Delegation Participants • Dr. Weinong Chen, Professor, Purdue University • Dr. Kevin Kremeyer, CEO, PM & AM Research • Dr. John Langford, President, Aurora Flight Sciences • Mr. Steve Legensky, Founder and General Manager, Intelligent Light • Mr. Patrick Liu, Manager, Marketing Research, AIAA • Mr. Jeffrey Nadaner, Director of Strategy, Lockheed Martin Corporation • Ms. Merrie Scott, Manager, Industry Partnerships, AIAA • Dr. Robert Yancey, Executive Director Global Aerospace, Altair Engineering • Dr. Susan Ying, Director, Boeing Research & Technology (Delegation lead)

  3. Organizations Visited • Beijing • US Embassy in Beijing • AVIC Headquarters • CSAA Headquarters • AVIC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Material • Xian • AVIC Aircraft Design & Research Institute (FAI) • AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC) • AVIC Aircraft Strength Research Institute • AVIC Xi’an Flight Automatic Control Research Institute • AVIC Xi’an Aero-Engine Group • Shanghai • AVIC China National Aeronautical Radio Institute

  4. Beijing

  5. U.S. Embassy in Beijing: Messages • By 2014, additional 800 million people will travel by air (ATA), China alone will account for over ¼ of this increase (181M by China domestic flights, 33M by Chinese flying internationally).  • The top 3 airports (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou) handle 1/3 of China’s total passenger traffic • Chinese government plan: building 55 new airports in the next 5 years, investing total of $230 B • The U.S. Aerospace trade surplus with China was between $4-5 B in 2009 alone, note the overall U.S. trade deficit with China was $273 B in 2010. • Overall, complex relationships of cooperation and competition Tremendous Growth Opportunities in China’s Aerospace Industry

  6. AVIC Headquarters Meeting (1)

  7. AVIC Headquarters Meeting (2) • AVIC Headquarters of 200+ member companies (subsidiaries), established in 2008 • Over 400,000 employees in 24 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities • 10 EVPs leadership team, led by President Zuoming Lin • Operating Model: “member companies” more like Airbus’s relationship with EADS than Boeing Commercial Airplanes’ enmeshed connection with Boeing. • Subsidiaries may be a profit center but AVIC’s head office, controlling group finances, will retain final say over such major decisions as whether to launch a new aircraft. • CSAA is a part of AVIC • EADS holds 5% of equity stock in one of AVIC’s listed member companies (AviChina, AVIC Industry & Technology Company Limited) • Met with: • Dr. Xinguo Zhang, EVP Information, Scientific Research, Avionics, Electromechanics (CSAA) • Dr. Jun Hua, VP, Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CSAA) • Jinzhong Wei, VP, Science & Technology and IT • Zhou Jun, VP International Business Development • Song Wu, Secretary General, CSAA (also ICAS rep from China)

  8. Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) • Founded in 1951 as the Bureau of Aviation Industry, later became the China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC), a consortium of aircraft manufacturers. • In 1999 this consortium was split into AVIC I and AVIC II • In 2008 AVIC I and II merged back to AVIC because the previous separation resulted in split resources and led to redundant projects. • Focus: develop indigenous military technologies and to compete in the civilian airline industry • Product base: Military aircraft, Commercial aircraft, Information Technology, Non-Aviation Products (e.g. logistics, assets mgt, finance services, automobiles, etc.) • Since 2008, AVIC maintains double digit growth, with total revenue reaching $31B in 2010 • July 7, 2011, AVIC ranked 310 among the published Fortune TOP 500.enterprises, rising from 330 last year, on the F500 list third consecutive year Rapidly Growing Aerospace Corporation Already on F500 List

  9. CSAA Signing Ceremony and Reception • AIAA – CSAA MOU Official Signing Ceremony as approved by the AIAA Board in January 2011 • CSAA and AVIC represented and all would like further collaboration and dialog • Specific areas of interest for collaboration discussed where focused on promotion of journals and young professional activities

  10. Xi’an

  11. Xian FAI AVIC Aircraft Research & Design Institute

  12. Xian FAI AVIC Aircraft Research & Design Institute (FAI) • First Aerospace Institute (FAI), established in 1961 • Xian to become the Seattle/Toulouse of China • 2650 employees including 2060 engineers • 12 research departments, 2 development centers • Collaboration with Airbus, Boeing, and partnership with university • 10 students per year going to Cranfield University, UK for training • Programs include (many not listed here) • Turbo prop small transport planes • RJs: MPC-75 (MBB-PRC, worked with Deutsch Airbus), AE100 (also w/ Airbus) • ARJ-21 – designed both in Xian and Shanghai, made in four factories • LE500 – General Aviation (GA) aircraft, test flight in 2003, 8 exported already to Laos • Large Civil Transport – working with Shanghai AVIC corporations • Challenges and opportunities: • GA – Training, ATM, special pilot program in Zhuhai (low-altitude airspace opens) • Leapfrog potential in new communication /navigation technologies (ADS-B, Compass) • Participation in Standards activities and technical forum/committees Opportunities for University Collaboration, GA, and AIAA activities

  13. Xian XAC AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC)

  14. Xian XAC AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC) • Established in 1958 • 20,000 employees • Develops and manufactures 30+ types of commercial and military aircraft • The first company in the Chinese aviation industry to work with the international market in 1980, and currently cooperates on numerous programs with partners such as Boeing, Airbus, Air Canada, and Air Italy. • China's first publicly traded national defense company in 1997, today on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange with annual revenue of 10B+ RMB • Moving from first producing outsourced parts, then components, and finally to core components. • Transforming from labor-intensive, low-end manufacturer to technology-intensive one. • International cooperation format also changed from sub-contract production to joint ventures (JV). • JVs with U.S.-based Goodrich to produce civil aircraft nacelle and landing gears • Acquired FACC (Austrian Future Adv. Composites Corp.) to enter into R&D, design and manufacture composite components for A380 and Boeing 787. Rapidly Transforming Manufacturing Company by Partnering and Acquisitions

  15. Shanghai

  16. Shanghai CARERI China National Aeronautical Radio Electronics Research Institute (CARERI) • Facilities Visited: • Key Laboratory of Integrated Avionics Technology • Prototype Demonstration of Commercial Aircraft Modular Avionics System Principle • Established in 1957 • Focus on Avionic Systems, organized in • Three centers (R&D, Production, and Management and Business) • 25 Departments including Key Lab and specialized labs e.g. EMC supervision and test, Software T&E, Electronics Test, Reliability and Environment Testing, SMT Production, Quality Assurance for Production • Numerous international partners • Rockwell Collins, Thales, and Honeywell, IBM (embedded SW Systems), TechSAT (German), Aglient Tech, ALT, CAST, and PrismTech(JTRS) • GE Joint Venture 50/50 partnership: GE-AVIC Avionics Systems Limited, 2011, 300 employees minimum • “Pyramid Strategy” in technology development, process, and production • Awarded “High-Tech” enterprise of Shanghai every year since 1992 • Visited by China’s President Hu Jin Tao and staff. • Approved for import and export business in 1994. • ISO 9002 certificate International Quality Assurance System in 1996 • CMM-3 certification in software maturity in 2003

  17. Shanghai CARERI China National Aeronautical Radio Electronics Research Institute (CARERI) • Eight Project Packages for C919 • Adv. Electronic core processing subsystems (FMS, CDS, etc.) • Flight indication and recording systems • Maintenance subsystems • Communication and Navigation systems • Integrated Surveillance systems • Air data inertial systems • Information subsystems (the only one not partnered with other vendors) • Cabin subsystems • Met with: • Wang Guoguing, President • Wang Jinyan, PARTY Secretary/VP • Wang Shujie, Secretary of Discipline Inspection Commission • Li Feng, Vice President • He Yizheng, President Assistant • Si Yudong, Director, Administration Office • Director, Department of Science & Technology • Shi Jinsong, Director, Civil Airplane Project Department Globally competitive high-tech institute very open to collaboration

  18. Closing Thoughts • China’s aviation market is huge • Government (including AVIC HQ) has been making strategic decisions and investing accordingly • Though, the aim from industry is not only for the domestic market, but “global” • China’s aerospace (aeronautics) industry has made great strides and begun towin the global recognition and partnerships in research and development (R&D) as well as manufacturing. • In the midst of a historic transformation • Still has a long way to go, with lots of opportunities in leapfrogging technologies • Organizational structures and relationships • “Institutes” can be profit centers with roles ranging from R&D to manufacturing products • National “Key Labs” are great leverage for institutes and partners • Some organizational structure still seemed to reflect a Soviet-era stovepipe, e.g., “party leaders” still in critical positions (e.g., corporation head HR) • The civil and military activities seemed intertwined. People and resources are moved freely and interchangeably from one to the other. • Potential collaboration opportunities (just a sample) • Composites, Avionics (Hardware and Software) • General Aviation, “Next Gen” Air Traffic Management • Universities (training)

  19. AIAA Benefits • Increased exposure for AIAA and the corporate member program • Increased exposure and engagement internationally • Model set for potential future visits to other countries with developing interests in aerospace – India, Brazil, etc. • Real membership potential exists in China, need strategy • Opportunities for Chinese members to participate in various, e.g., Standards Committee(s) and Technical Committees, and Publications committees • Opportunities of joint international activities, e.g., joint sponsored conferences, student design-fly competitions, university lectures (speakers exchange) • Networking opportunities for corporate members represented vs. Chinese introductions

  20. …and we had some fun

  21. …and saw some really cool things