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Preterite vs. Imperfect

Preterite vs. Imperfect

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Preterite vs. Imperfect

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  1. Preterite vs. Imperfect Spanish 3 Unidad 4.1 Sra. Hyman

  2. What is the imperfect? • Meaning • Used to do something • Something was happening • Endings • aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -aban • ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -ían

  3. What is the imperfect? • Irregulars • Ser • era, eras, era, éramos, eran • Ir • iba, ibas, iba, íbamos, iban • Ver • veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veían

  4. When do we use it? - WATERS • Weather – Hacía sol . . . • Age – Tenía cinco años . . . • Time – Eran las dos de la tarde • Emotions – Yo estaba muy triste. • Repeatedactions – Todos los lunes, escribíamos los diarios. • Setting a scene – Era una noche muy oscura . . .

  5. Clue Words: Imperfect siempre muchas veces a veces a menudo todos los… frecuentemente tener estar ser hacer(weather) saber querer

  6. What is the preterite? • Meaning • Did something in the past • It’s done and over with • Endings • é, -aste, -ó, -amos, -aron • í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -ieron

  7. What is the preterite? • Irregulars • Stem-changers • Double vowel • Completely irregulars • car/gar/zar • u group • uv group • i group • j group

  8. When do we use it? - SPICY • Specific time – A las dos y media de la tarde nosotros salimos. • Past and done – ¿Qué hiciste anoche? • Interruption (of theimperfect) – Yo caminaba y me caí. • Completed – Ella terminó su tarea. • Yesterday (orspecificpast time) – El mes pasado fui al concierto.

  9. Clue Words: Preterite de repente ayer/anoche inmediatamente el___ pasado una vez llegar/salir por fin/finalmente empezar/terminar luego,entonces decidir nacer antes/después pedir venir oir/ver

  10. Some verbs change meaning

  11. Preterite SPICY Done, over with Action in a story Imperfect WATERS Ongoing, repeated, Used to Background in a story To sum up:

  12. Which past tense would you use? • Write P or I to indicate which past tense you would use in Spanish for the underlined word.

  13. Which past tense would you use? IMP IMP IMP IMP IMP IMP • My brother and I always read stories. • My favorite legend was about a princess. • The princess was namedFrida. • She was in love with Diego. • Every day, Fridasaw Diego from her window, he was always with his friends.

  14. Which past tense would you use? • Fridaknew that Diego’s friends were mean. • Diego was going to ask her out. • But, Diego’s friends took him to a party. • All night, Fridacried a lot. • She didn’t sleep well. • Diego left the party. IMP IMP PRET PRET IMP PRET

  15. Which past tense would you use? PRET PRET PRET IMP IMP IMP • Diego arrived at Frida’s house. • Diego askedFrida to the movies. • Fridasaid “yes.” • They were very happy. • They had a really good time. • They lived happily ever after.

  16. El fin El leon