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## Understanding CCSS and the SBAC Summative Assessment

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**Understanding CCSS and the SBAC Summative Assessment**Shannon Wells Sara Shore**CCSS**Common Core State standards**What are the Common Core State Standards?**• A voluntary state-led effort coordinated by the State Superintendents and the National Governors’ Association • Development included parents, educators, content experts, researchers, national organizations and community groups from 48 states, 2 territories and the District of Columbia**The Common Core Standards**• Designed to prepare the nation’s students with the knowledge and skills needed for success in college and the workforce • A clear and consistent educational framework • Internationally benchmarked to ensure that students will be globally competitive • A collaborative effort that builds on the best of current state standards • Standards primarily from California and Massachusetts • Rigorous, research-based standards for English language arts and mathematics for grades K-12**http://engageny.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/instructional_shifts.pdf**http://engageny.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/instructional_shifts.pdf**Shift from Literary Text to Informational**Reading/Language Arts Current language arts typically consist of 80% literary text and 20% informational text**http://engageny.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/instructional_shifts.pdf**http://engageny.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/instructional_shifts.pdf**Organization of the CCSS in Mathematics**• The CCSS for Mathematics are organized by grade level in Grades K–8. • At the high school level, the standards are organized by conceptual category showing the body of knowledge students should learn in each category to be college and career ready, and to be prepared to study more advanced mathematics, these categories are: • Number and quantity • Algebra • Functions • Geometry • Modeling and Probability • Statistics**K-8 Mathematics Sequence**Current standards address all strands throughout the K-7 sequence CCSS now has standards for grade 8 math Designed to prepare students for Algebra 1 and higher level math**The Pathways**Appendix A of the CCSS Math**The Pathways -Traditional**• “Traditional” –An approach typical within the U.S. • Grade 8: Grade 8 CCSS math • Grade 9: Algebra I • Grade 10: Geometry • Grade 11: Alg II • A “compacted” Traditional pathway where no content is omitted but will enable students to take Alg I in their 8th grade year • Grade 7: Grade 7 and 8 CCSS math • Grade 8: Algebra I • Grade 9: Geometry • Grade 10: Alg II**The Pathways -Integrated**• “Integrated” an approach typical outside of the U.S., sequence of spiraling courses, each of which includes number sense, algebra, geometry, probably and statistics. • Grade 8: Grade 8 CCSS math • Grade 9: Math I • Grade 10: Math II • Grade 11: Math III • A “compacted” version of the integrated pathway where no content is omitted but will enable them to reach Calculus or other college level course by their senior year • Grade 7: Grade 7 and 8 CCSS math • Grade 8: HS Math I • Grade 9: Math II • Grade 10: Math III**Discussion Questions**• When do students take Algebra I? • What are the implications for placement, pacing, curriculum, course development, and course offerings?**SBAC**Smarter balanced assessment consortium**Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC)**• One of two multistate consortia awarded funding to develop an assessment system based on the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) • Measurement of current student achievement and growth across time, with progress toward being college and career ready**SBAC Assessment Goals**• Students leave high school prepared for postsecondary success in college or in a career • Summative assessments are to be operational across the consortium states in the 2014-15 school year**New AssessmentsOpportunities and Challenges**• Richer assessment of and for learning • Use of technology as a tool • Adaptive testing • National expertise • Preparation for 21st century skills • College and Career ready students**SBAC Assessment**• Summative Assessment • Administered in grades 3-8 and in grade 11 in the last 12 weeks of the year • Two parts • Computer adaptive • SR, CR and TE items • Performance task • ER and PT**Computer Adaptive Testing (CAT)**• Allows for a testing experience that is tailored to a student’s ability which is measured during the test • Increased measurement precision relative to fixed form assessments; more accurate growth estimates • Shortened test length than paper-pencil • Faster results**Evidence-Centered Design**• The SBAC assessment is being developed using the principles of Evidence-Centered Design (ECD). • Three basic elements of ECD are: • Stating the claims to be made about test takers • Deciding on the evidence that is required to support the claims • Administering the test items that provide the required evidence**Evidence-Centered Design**Evidence AssessmentTarget Item/Task Claim Content Standard http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**6 Key Concepts of Evidence-Centered Design**1. Define the domain 2. Define claims to be made http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**Example of a Claim**English Language Arts Literacy Claim #1 Students can read closely and analytically to comprehend a range of increasingly complex literary and informational texts. http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**6 Key Concepts of Evidence-Centered Design**1. Define the domain 2. Define claims to be made 3. Define assessment targets http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**Example of an Assessment Target**Grade 11 – Assessment Target Analyze the figurative (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron, hyperbole, paradox) or connotative meanings of words and phrases used in context and the impact of these word choices on meaning and tone. http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**6 Key Concepts of Evidence-Centered Design**1. Define the domain 2. Define claims to be made 3. Define assessment targets 4. Define evidence required http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**Example of an Evidence Description**Evidence for Assessment Target 1 When reading informational or argumentative texts, students analyze the figurative or implied meanings of words or phrases as they are used in a text and analyze how the choice of these particular words affects meaning and tone. http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**6 Key Concepts of Evidence-Centered Design**1. Define the domain 2. Define claims to be made 3. Define assessment targets 4. Define evidence required 5. Develop Task Models http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**Example of a Task Model**Task Model 1 A constructed response for which the student is prompted to identify an example of figurative language, explain the meaning, and describe how it affects meaning and tone. Stimulus text should be on grade level. http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**6 Key Concepts of Evidence-Centered Design**1. Define the domain 2. Define claims to be made 3. Define assessment targets 4. Define evidence required 5. Develop Task Models 6. Develop Items or Performance Tasks http://www.smarterbalanced.org/smarter-balanced-assessments/item-writing-and-review/**Assessment Claims for ELA**• Overall ELA Claim (Grades 3-8) • “Students can demonstrate progress toward college and career readiness in English language arts and literacy.” • Overall ELA Claim (High School) • “Students can demonstrate college and career readiness in English language arts and literacy.”**Assessment Claims for ELA cont.**• Claim #1 Reading – Students can read closely and analytically to comprehend a range of increasingly complex literary and informational texts. • Claim #2 Writing – Students can produce effective and well-grounded writing for a range of purposes and audiences. • Claim #3 Speaking and Listening – Students can employ effective speaking and listening skills for a range of purposes and audiences. • Claim #4 Research and Inquiry – Students engage in research/inquiry to investigate topics, and to analyze, integrate, and present information.**Reporting Categories for ELA**• Total ELA/Literacy score • Claims 1-4 combined • Total Reading score Claim #1 • Literary Text sub-score • Information Text sub-score • Total Writing score Claim #2 • Organization and Expression of Ideas sub-score • Use of Evidence sub-score • Conventions sub-score • Total Listening and Speaking score Claim #3 • Speaking (may not be assessed each year) • Total Inquiry/Research score Claim #4**Assessment Claims for Math**• Overall math Claim (Grades 3-8) • “Students can demonstrate progress toward college and career readiness in mathematics.” • Overall math Claim (High School) • “Students can demonstrate college and career readiness in mathematics.”**Assessment Claims for Math cont.**• Claim #1 Concepts & Procedures – Students can explain and apply mathematical concepts and interpret and carry out mathematical procedure with precision and fluency. • Claim #2 Problem Solving – Students can solve a range of complex and well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem solving strategies. • Claim #3 Communicating Reasoning – Students can clearly and precisely construct viable arguments to support their own reasoning and critique the reasoning of others. • Claim #4 Modeling and Data Analysis – Students can analyze complex, real-world scenarios and can construct and use mathematical models to interpret and solve problems.**Reporting Categories for Math**• Total Mathematics score • Claims 1-4 combined • Total Concepts and Procedures score • Claim #1 • Total Problem Solving score • Claim #2 • Total Communicating Reasoning score • Claim #3 • Total Modeling and Data Analysis score • Claim #4**Discussion Questions**• How do the claims and assessment targets identify what the student expectations are and how those expectations relate to the Summative Assessment? • How do the SBAC reporting categories for ELA and math differ from the current reporting categories?**SBAC Item Types**• Summative assessment will include a variety of question types: • Selected response • Short constructed response • Extended constructed response • Technology enhanced • Performance tasks**Selected Response Items**• Series of options from which the student must choose a correct response(s) • Will measure one or more content standard(s)**Item Information**• Grade 3 • Claim 1 • Concepts & Procedures – Students can explain and apply mathematical concepts and interpret and carry out mathematical procedure with precision and fluency. • Target • F: Develop understanding of fractions as numbers. • Standard • 3.NF.1 – Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b. • DOK 2**Item Information**• Grade 3 • Claim 1 • Reading – Students can read closely and analytically to comprehend a range of increasingly complex literary and informational texts. • Target • 1 Key Details: Use explicit details and information from the text to support answers or basic inferences. • Standards • RL-1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. • RL-3 Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. • DOK 2**Discussion Questions**• How are the SBAC selected response questions equivalent to what students are currently expected to do? • When thinking about the key shifts for CCSS, what are the implications for selected response questions and how will those shifts affect classroom instruction?**Constructed Response Items**• Allows assessment of claims and targets that are of greater complexity • Typically requires more analytical thinking and reasoning than a SR item • Eliminate the “guessing” factor associated with typical SR items • Administered during the CAT portion of the Summative Assessment • Artificial Intelligence (AI) will be used for scoring**Item Information**• Grade 3 • Claim 1 • Concepts & Procedures – Students can explain and apply mathematical concepts and interpret and carry out mathematical procedure with precision and fluency. • Targets • A: Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division. • E: Use place value understanding and properties of arithmetic to perform multi-digit arithmetic.**Item Information cont.**• Standards • 3.OA.2 Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a number of shares or a number of groups can be expressed as 56 ÷ 8. • 3.OA.7 Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers. • 3.NBT.3 Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10–90 (e.g., 9 × 80, 5 × 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations. • DOK 1