1 20 10 26 10 20 1 2 11 21 27 2 11 21 3 12 28 22 12 3 22 Ancient River Valley Civilizations Review 4 23 13 13 5 1 4 6 2 14 5 24 14 5 7 3 6 15 25 8 15 4 6 7 26 16 16 23 7 29 27 8 17 17 24 30 8 18 9 28 18 31 25 19 9 19 TRASH-KET-BALL ~ FALL 2012
What do archeologists call the preserved remains or traces of animals, plants & other organisms from the past? Fossil.
What do we call a civilization whose rulers all come from the same family? Dynasty.
Define Culture. A group of people’s WAY OF LIFE.
The Old Stone Age is also known as the. . Paleolithic Age.
The New Stone Age is also known as the. . Neolithic Age.
What is a nomad? A person who travels from place to place in search of food.
What is the name of the art called during the Stone Age? Cro- Magnon Art
Why is slash & burn farming so effective? The ashes fertilize the soil.
What was the impact of the Neolithic Revolution? Nomadic life was no longer necessary. People could SETTLE in one place!!!! Instead of searching for food, people were producing food!!!
What are the 5 defining characteristics of a civilization? Advanced Cities Specialized Workers Complex Institutions Record Keeping Advanced Technology
What does the word “Mesopotamia” mean? “The land b/w the rivers”
The people of Mesopotamia settled between which two rivers? The Tigris & Euphrates
What is a scribe? A Sumerian record keeper.
What structure was at the center of every Mesopotamian city-state? A Ziggurat.
In Mesopotamia, this was known as a city that functioned as an independent political unit. City-State.
Define CULTURAL DIFFUSION!!!! The spreading of ideas and goods from culture to culture.
Define polytheism. The belief in many gods!!
Define monotheism. The belief in one god!!
Name two of the three environmental challenges Mesopotamians faced. Unpredictable flooding. No natural barriers for protection. No natural resources.
What was the main idea behind Hammurabi’s Code? Retaliation. “Eye for an Eye, Tooth for a Tooth”
How is the Nile River different from any other river in the world? It flows from South to North.
Mediterranean Sea Nile Delta Lower Egypt Red Sea Nile flows South to North Upper Egypt N W E Wind blows North to South. S
When does the Nile River flood? Every July.
Did Egypt have any natural barriers? If so, what were they? YES!!!! Deserts on the east & west, mountains in the south & the Mediterranean Sea in the north.
Natural Barriers. . . . Desert Desert N W E Mountains S
Define pharaoh. God-king!!!
What is the relationship b/w the political authority & religious authority in Ancient Egypt? IT WAS THE SAME PERSON!!! THE PHARAOH!!!!
What type of writing came from the Ancient Egyptians? Hieroglyphics
Define Subcontinent. A large landmass that is part of a continent but is considered either geographically independent.
What are the two most important rivers in Ancient India? The Indus River & The Ganges River
What environmental challenge did the farmers of the Indus Valley face that the Sumerians & Egyptians did not? MONSOONS.
Who is responsible for uniting upper and lower Egypt? AND what artifact proves this theory? King Namar And his crown!
How were the planned cities of the Indus Valley different from other early cities? They were built on a grid with advanced plumbing.
What were the three reasons for the disappearance of the early Indus Valley civilizations? Earthquakes Floods Tired Soil
This person was the first emperor of the first Indian dynasty. This emperor gave up his throne, converted to Jainism, and eventually starved to death while fasting. Chandragupta Maurya
What did the Jainist teach? Nonviolence and respect for all life.
After a long, bloody war in which 100,000 soldiers and even more civilians were killed, this emperor became a Buddhist. Ashoka
Asoka is responsible for spreading ____________around the world. Buddhism
This is the name of India’s second great empire, which began in A.D. 320. Gupta Empire
This emperor came to power peacefully (through marriage) in about A.D. 320 and was called the Great King of Kings. Chandra Gupta.
This is the type of society in which the eldest male is the head of the extended family. Patriarchal
This is the type of society in which the eldest female is the head of the extended family. Matriarchal
Hindu’s ultimate goal is called __________?Buddhist ultimate goal is called__________? Moksha and Nirvana