Eating Disorders Life Education 1
Myth vs. Facts • Myth: Skipping meals causes someone to lose weight quicker • Fact: Skipping meals (especially breakfast) causes the body to retain fat to use as energy later
Myth vs. Fact • It is always easy to tell if someone has an eating disorder • Fact: People can have eating disorders that few, if any, other people know about
Myth vs. Fact • Eating disorders are mostly a female issue • Fact: Males can suffer from eating disorders as well and usually go un/misdiagnosed. Males are also likely to suffer from an exercise disorder
Weight Management • What is weight management? • A program of SENSIBLE EATING and EXERCISE HABITS that will help keep your weight at a healthy level • Weight management requires a good diet AND exercise!
Dangerous Weight Loss Practices • Fad Diets: requires major changes in eating habits and promises quick results • Diet Pills: Weight lost is usually put back on once pills are no longer taken • Surgery: Not the substitute for diet and exercise
Body Image • The way you perceive your body • The way you see yourself or THINK the way others see you • Body Image: How you see and feel about your appearance and how comfortable you are with your own body
Body Image • Negative social norms: • Glorifying skinny models • Jokes about weight • Perfectionism
Distorted Body Image • When you see something that is NOT really there • Funhouse Mirror Effect
Eating Disorders • What are eating disorders? • Conditions that involve an unhealthy degree of concern about body weight and shape that may lead to attempts to manage weight in unhealthy ways • Physical AND psychological • Problem for MEN and WOMEN
Common Eating Disorders • Anorexia Nervosa: • Self starvation, distorted body image, low body weight • Bulimia Nervosa: • Eat food then uses vomiting or laxatives to rid the body of the food • Binge Eating (Bingeing): • Eating excessively large quantities in one sitting • Purging: • Some times follows bingeing. Involves vomiting or misusing laxatives to rid the body of food.
Anorexia • Signs and Symptoms: • Intense fear of weight gain • Overexercising • Preferring to eat alone • Preoccupation with calories • Extreme weight loss • Hair loss on head • Weakness/Exhaustion • Treatment: medical, psychological, and nutritional therapy • Family Counseling
Bulimia • Signs/Symptoms: • Preoccupation with body weight • Bloodshot eyes and sore throat • Dental problems • Bad breath • Treatment: Therapy, nutritional counseling
Binge Eating • Signs and symptoms • Above normal weight • Bingeing episodes accompanied with feelings of guilt, shame, and loss of control • Treatment: psychological and nutritional therapy
Disordered Eating Patterns • Not severe enough to be classified as a specific eating disorder • Can lead to serious health problems
What can you do? • Tell a trusted adult • Contact doctor, help lines, etc