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Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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  1. Organic Light-Emitting Diodes By: Grant Warfield

  2. What is an OLED? • An OLED is an electronic device made by placing a series of organic thin films between two conductors. When electrical current is applied, a bright light is emitted. • A device that is 100 to 500 nanometers thick or about 200 times smaller than a human hair.

  3. The OLED Structure

  4. How OLEDs Emit Light • The battery or power supply of the device containing the OLED applies a voltage across the OLED. • An electrical current flows from the cathode to the anode through the organic layers. (an electrical current is a flow of electrons) • At the boundary between the emissive and the conductive layers, electrons find electron holes. • The OLED emits light.

  5. Types of OLEDs • Passive-matrix • Active-matrix • Transparent • Top-emitting • Flexible • White

  6. Passive-Matrix

  7. Active-Matrix

  8. Transparent

  9. Top-Emitting

  10. Flexible

  11. White

  12. Advantages • Thinner, lighter and more flexible • Brighter • Consume much less power • Easier to produce and make into larger sizes • Large field of view

  13. Disadvantages • Lifetime • Manufacturing • Water

  14. Current OLEDs

  15. Future of OLEDs?