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CANADA’S CORE REGION (CHAPTER 6)

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  1. CANADA’S CORE REGION(CHAPTER 6)

  2. INTRODUCTION • 75% of Canada's population resides within 100 miles of the U.S. border. • 90% of all Canadians live within 200 miles of the boundary. • Canada's core region lies entirely within the provinces of Quebec and Ontario. • More than 60% of the country's population resides within the southern sections of these two provinces. • The core is the historical hearth and has the overwhelming share of the country's population & economic activity.

  3. CANADA’S POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

  4. CANADA'S ORGANIZATION • Federation • A form of government • Powers and functions are divided between a central government and political subdivisions • Significant degree of political autonomy • Canada is a federal state which is divided into ten provinces and three territories. • Bilingualism • The use of either one of two languages • French and English have equal status. • Supports the country's organization as a federal rather than a unitary state

  5. THE CORE REGION • Site Characteristics • Advantages • Level plains • Location along the shores of the Great Lakes • Relatively fertile soils • Adequate growing seasons • See maps on page 111.

  6. THE CORE REGION(continued) • Situational Aspects • Advantages • Accessibility resources to link it to major U.S. markets, where 88% of Canada's exports are destined • Open to U.S. immigration and investment • Close to power resources (hydroelectric and fossil fuels)

  7. THE CORE REGION(continued) • Golden Horseshoe • An integral part of the core • Highest per capita income levels in the country • Characterized by intense economic activity • Refers to the money generating potential of this crescent shaped region which surrounds western Lake Ontario

  8. TORONTO

  9. OTTAWA

  10. MONTREAL

  11. THE CORE REGION (continued) • Limitations Outside of the Core • Growing season • Soil quality • Drainage • Markets

  12. CLIMATE TYPES

  13. PRECIPITATION PATTERNS

  14. SOIL TYPES

  15. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS

  16. THE RANG SURVEY SYSTEM • A form of land alienation • Lines of long, narrow fields - created to maximize access to rivers or roads for transportation. • Prevails along the St. Lawrence Seaway in southern Quebec. • Each rang was comprised of a series of rotures or "long lots," with a mean distance of 1/2 mile. • See fig 6-4 on page 117.

  17. THE RANG SURVEY SYSTEM(Key Terms) • Long Lot • A subdivision of land within the rang system • A parcel perpendicular to a road or river and has long but narrow dimensions • Also called a “river lot” where appropriate. • Average size in Quebec is from 35-75 acres. • Arpent • A French unit of measurement of approximately 192 ft • Long lots or rotures were 2 or 3 arpents wide by 10 times the length.

  18. THE RANG SURVEY SYSTEM(continued) • Advantages: • Equity in type and quality of land • Access to transportation route • Access to water • Lived in close proximity to neighbors • Easy to survey

  19. CANADA’S CORE REGION(CHAPTER 6)