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Asbestos. Smelter Site – Specific Training EQUAL Code – OEMP006.61. September 2006 (Revised January 2009). Topics. Ontario Regulation 278/05 Inventories Training & Instruction Nature and Hazards of Asbestos Protective Equipment & Hygiene Type 1 Operations
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Asbestos Smelter Site – Specific Training EQUAL Code – OEMP006.61 September 2006 (Revised January 2009)
Topics • Ontario Regulation 278/05 • Inventories • Training & Instruction • Nature and Hazards of Asbestos • Protective Equipment & Hygiene • Type 1 Operations • Inadvertent Discovery of Asbestos
InventoriesOntario Regulation 278/05 • Asbestos Regulation changed in 2005 requiring a new inventory to be conducted by Q3 2007 • Inventorying has been completed for each area of the Smelter, Matte Processing, Utilities, Oxygen and Sulphur Products Plants • Inventory is linked to the Smelter Homepage
Note Inventory is second choice
Click to select Area Inventories
On–Line Inventory The Inventory has been updated (Jan 09) If you do not see the specific area you are interested in, contact the Smelter Occupational Health Group If in doubt, check with the Smelter Occupational Health Group: • Andy Kosiw • Lise Fratin • Heather Packard • Rob Fleming
Training & InstructionOntario Regulation 278/05 whenever a worker is to do work that(a) involves material that, (i) is asbestos-containing material, (ii) is being treated as if it were asbestos- containing material, (iii) is the subject of advice under section 9 or a notice under subsection 10 (8); or(b) is to be carried on in close proximity to material described in clause (a) and may disturb it. Training must be provided to the worker
Training & InstructionOntario Regulation 278/05 Training will consist of: (i) the hazards of asbestos exposure, (ii) the use, care and disposal of protective equipment and clothing to be used and worn when doing the work, (iii) personal hygiene to be observed when doing the work, and (iv) the measures and procedures prescribed by this Regulation;
Nature and Hazards of Asbestos Properties Health Effects
Asbestos Properties WHAT IS IT? • ASBESTOS is a group of minerals that occur naturally as bundles of fibres, which can be separated into thin threads. • Typical concentrations measured in outdoor air in Canada, Austria, Germany, South Africa and the USA ranged from < 0.0001 to about 0.01 fibre per cubic centimetre (f/cm3).
Asbestos Properties There are 3 main types: CHRYSOTILE –White Asbestos AMOSITE –Brown Asbestos CROCIDOLITE –Blue Asbestos
Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR* When asbestos fibres are inhaled, most fibres are expelled, but some can become lodged in the lungs and remain there throughout life. Fibres can accumulate and cause scarring and inflammation. Enough scarring and inflammation can affect breathing, leading to disease. People are more likely to experience asbestos-related disorders when they are exposed to high concentrations of asbestos, are exposed for longer periods of time, and/or are exposed more often. Inhaling longer, more durable asbestos fibres (such as tremolite and other amphiboles) contributes to the severity of asbestos-related disorders. *Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR Exposure to asbestos can increase the likelihood of lung cancer, mesothelioma, and non-malignant lung conditions such as asbestosis (restricted use of the lungs due to retained asbestos fibres) and changes in the lung lining. Changes in the lining of the lungs (pleura) such as thickening, plaques, calcification, and fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion) may be early signs of asbestos exposure. These changes can affect breathing more than previously thought. Pleural effusion can be an early warning sign for mesothelioma (cancer of the lining of the lungs). Most cases of asbestosis or lung cancer in workers occurred 15 years or more after the person was first exposed to asbestos.
Asbestos Health Effectsfrom ASTDR Most cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed 30 years or more after the first exposure to asbestos. Health effects from asbestos exposure may continue to progress even after exposure is stopped. Smoking or cigarette smoke, together with exposure to asbestos, greatly increases the likelihood of lung cancer.
Asbestos Health Effects EXPOSURE MAY LEAD TO: • ASBESTOSIS: Scarring of the lungs, affects breathing, leading to disability, and can cause death • LUNG CANCER • MESOTHELIOMA: Cancer of thin membrane surrounding lung and other internal organs • OTHER SUSPECTED CANCERS
Protective Equipment & Hygiene Practices When working in close proximity to Asbestos Containing Materials (ACM) consider the possibility of the work disturbing or damaging the ACM If it is a possibility then: Consider wearing disposable coveralls Wear your respirator during certain aspects of the work Wash hands & face when leaving the work area
Asbestos “Operations” Work on Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) is divided into three categories: Type 1 Operation Type 2 Operation Type 3 Operation The operation type is dependant upon various factors including the nature of the work and the amount of ACM involved
Asbestos “Operations” • Inco employees may be involved in Type 1 Operations (e.g.. ACM gasket removal or Transite panel replacement) • Type 2 and 3 Operations are only performed by qualified asbestos contractors
Type 1 Operations You must be trained before doing work that is designated as a Type 1 Asbestos Operation
What AreType 1 Operations? 1. Installing or removing ceiling tiles that are asbestos-containing material, if the tiles cover an area less than 7.5 square metres and are installed or removed without being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated. 2. Installing or removing non-friable asbestos-containing material, other than ceiling tiles, if the material is installed or removed without being broken, cut, drilled, abraded, ground, sanded or vibrated.
What AreType 1 Operations? 3. Breaking, cutting, drilling, abrading, grinding, sanding or vibrating non-friable asbestos-containing material if, i. the material is wetted to control the spread of dust or fibres, and ii. the work is done only by means of non-powered hand-held tools. 4. Removing less than one square metre of drywall in which joint-filling compounds that are asbestos-containing material have been used. O. Reg. 278/05,s. 12 (2).
Discovery of Suspected AsbestosAsbestos Regulation 278 Section 7 (8) If it is readily apparent that friable material used in a building as fireproofing or acoustical or thermal insulation has fallen and is being disturbed so that exposure to the material is likely to occur, • the owner shall cause the material to be examined to establish whether it is asbestos-containing material • until it has been established whether the material is asbestos-containing material, no further work involving the material shall be done…..
Discovery of Suspected AsbestosAsbestos Regulation 278 Section 7 (10) If the examination mentioned in subsection (8) establishes that the material is asbestos-containing material, or if the material is treated as though it were asbestos-containing material as described in subsection (9), (a) the owner shall cause the fallen material to be cleaned up and removed; and (b) if it is readily apparent that material will continue to fall because of the deterioration of the fireproofing or insulation, the owner shall repair, seal, remove or permanently enclose the fireproofing or insulation.
Discovery of Suspected Asbestos Do not work on or disturb any insulating materials on pipes, lines vessels and equipment until you have confirmed that the insulation does not contain asbestos. To confirm the absence or presence of asbestos in an insulating material, contact the Smelter Health & Environment Group - Asbestos Coordinator. Do not sample the material yourself Asbestos Coordinator: Lise Fratin 682 - 6994 Alternates: Andy Kosiw 682 - 6177 Heather Packard 682 - 7539
Discovery of Suspected Asbestos The Asbestos Coordinator will inspect the material, take a bulk sample and have it analyzed for asbestos type & concentration. The site will be caution taped or roped off with explanatory tags. If the material is found not to contain asbestos, the Asbestos Coordinator will release the site to the workers. If the material is found to contain asbestos, the Asbestos Coordinator will work with the Area Planner to have the material rendered safe by having it stabilized, encapsulated, repaired or removed in accordance with our protocols. Once this is completed, the Asbestos Coordinator will release the site.
Suspected friable asbestos is discovered Contact OSHE Rep. (preferably from incident area) Isolate the area with warning tape and tags Follow Planned Asbestos Removal Flowchart YES Contact Asbestos Coordinator Contact Group Leader or Supervisor Determine if ACM NO Release Scene Contact Area or Job Contact Person (i.e. Planner) if other than Group Leader or Supervisor Identify persons potentially exposed (list name and serial number or company worked for) Initiate incident investigation before the end of the shift Complete shaded area if ACM is confirmed PROTOCOL FOR INADVERTENT DISCOVERY OF ASBESTOS
Planned Asbestos Removal Flowchart Team (Project Manager / Area Planner & Asbestos Coordinator) inspects job site and reviews nature & written scope of removal Input to pre-tender inspection report and drawings Determine if Type of removal Complete Planning Checklist Project Manager / Area Planner to let removal contract Notify Area OSHE Representative regarding removal details Contractor prepares site per Type of Operation specified Team inspects site preparation work and crew compliance to Regulations Removal undertaken and completed SATISFACTORY Remedial work identified UNSATISFACTORY Team inspects completed work Clearance Monitoring conducted for Type 3 Operation Remedial work identified and completed SATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY Job site is released. Protective enclosures etc. are removed UNSATISFACTORY
Smelter Health Contacts Asbestos Contacts Andy Kosiw 682-6177 Tech Services Building Lise Fratin 682-6994 Tech Services Building Heather Packard 682-7539 Tech Services Building Respirator Contact Rob Fleming 682-6216 Tech Services Building Waste Management Contacts Lise Fratin Andy Kosiw Heather Packard