HISTORY OF WAR DOGS Military Working Dog (MWD). Skydiving Video. WHAT TYPE OF JOBS DOES A MILITARY WORKING DOG PERFORM?. Scout Patrol – Base, Beach Mine Sniffing Search/Rescue Ambulance Delivery Tracking Messengers Cart Pullers. Tunnel/Cave Scout Booby Trap ID
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WHAT TYPE OF JOBS DOES A MILITARY WORKING DOG PERFORM?
Scout Patrol – Base, Beach Mine Sniffing Search/Rescue Ambulance Delivery Tracking Messengers Cart Pullers Tunnel/Cave Scout Booby Trap ID Bomb/Explosive Detect Cable Laying Water Trackers Sea Dogs Blood Donors MWD JOBS
ROME Mastiffs wore armor with spikes and flaming torches
PELOPONNESIAN WAR431-404 BC • Guard dogs used to surround villages/alert • Enemies became aware and targeted the dogs
SOUTH AMERICAN CONQUISTADORS MASTIFFS – 250 pounds/3 feet at shoulder GREYHOUNDS – 100 pounds/30” at shoulder
1 Dog = 50 men in battle • 100 Indians killed in one hour • “Dogging” – set on chief to instill fear • Allowed to eat victims
ENGLAND/SCOTLAND Irish Wolfhounds
WORLD WAR I Messengers and ambulance dogs Pulled carts of messenger pigeons
QUALITIES OF A GOOD MWD • Dark color • Healthy • Intelligent/Trainable • Not Gun/Noise Shy • Work on/off leash • Not necessarily vicious • Ability to be QUIET • Ability to understand hand signals
Mastiffs Irish Wolfhounds Greyhounds Small Dogs Huskies/Malamutes/ Eskimo Dogs Labrador Retrievers Quieter than hounds Airedales Collies Dobermans Belgian Sheep Dogs German Shepherds Stable Temperament Shed Undercoat WHICH BREEDS?
AMERICA Over 100,000 MWD WWI, WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Gulf War, Bosnia, Afghanistan, Iraq
Civil War • No official war dog program • Most came as mascots with owners • Used for all purposes
World War I • America used all breeds of dogs • Used primarily for messenger, ambulance, transportation needs • Therapy dogs
Fought mostly in trenches • Cannons and toxic gases • Weather and Climate
World War II • Dogs were donated by families and Dog Clubs (Doberman Clubs & AKC) • Retrained after WWII and returned to families or adopted by their wartime handlers
PACIFIC THEATER Guadacanal Guam Phillipines New Guinea Saipan HOT/HUMID EUROPEAN THEATER France Germany England Italy MILD/COLD
20,000+ Dogs(Most were Family Pets) • Rode ships to Pacific/Europe for 3 months • All purposes, including skydiving into Greenland for rescue missions and delivering cigarettes
KEEP THEM CLOSEK9 Handlers were teased as “Dog Men” until they found out the value of the dogs • Allowed you to sleep • Kept you warm • Were a friend in the night • Alerted for danger • Back-up protection in a fight
British “Para-Pups” • 600 Dogs direct from training school • Original jump was 1785 from a hot air balloon
Russian Anti-Tank Dogs • Trained dogs to run under tanks and lay down • Dogs were harnessed to explosives that would blow up the tanks