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# Angular Momentum

Angular Momentum. Evidence of first pattern. Person in spinning chair (demo with bricks ) Rubber Stopper (demo from centripetal force lab ) Playground low tech Merry Go Round (video side F Chapter 18 ) Ice Skater (your memory) Acrobat (transparency). Informal Statement of first pattern:. Télécharger la présentation ## Angular Momentum

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1. Angular Momentum

2. Evidence of first pattern • Person in spinning chair (demo with bricks) • Rubber Stopper (demofrom centripetal force lab) • Playground low tech Merry Go Round (video side F Chapter 18) • Ice Skater (your memory) • Acrobat (transparency)

3. Informal Statement offirstpattern: • As _ decreases, _ increases.

4. Informal Statement offirstpattern: • As R decreases, _ increases.

5. Informal Statement offirstpattern: • As R decreases, w increases.

6. Evidence of Second Pattern • A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ top is stable. • A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ bike wheel is stable. • A gyroscope is stable when it is _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

7. Evidence of Second Pattern • A spinning top is stable. • A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ bike wheel is stable. • A gyroscope is stable when it is _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.

8. Evidence of Second Pattern • A spinning top is stable. • A spinning bike wheel is stable. • A gyroscope is stable when it is _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

9. Evidence of Second Pattern • A spinning top is stable. • A spinning bike wheel is stable. • A gyroscope is stable when it is spinning.

10. Informal Statement ofsecondpattern: • Spinning things are more _ _ _ _ _ _ than non-spinning things. • It is tougher to change the direction of spinning things.

11. Informal Statement ofsecondpattern: • Spinning things are more stable than non-spinning things. • It is tougher to change the direction of spinning things.

12. Formal statement(includes both patterns) • Angular momentum: L = Iw. [ Recall: P = mv ] • If St = 0 (closed system), then L is constant. [ Recall: If SF = 0, then P is constant. ] “Conservation of Angular Momentum” • What are the units for L?

13. Torque and Angular Momentum (Recall: A force can change linear momentum.) • A Torque can change angular momentum. (Recall: SF = DP / T or SF · T = DP) • St = DL / T

14. For the same t, the change of the L is less noticeable if the L is large, so • Xzylo (or paper airplane shaped like a pipe) • Throw a football with a spiral. • Bikes are most stable when moving fast. • A spinning basketball can be balanced on a finger. • Tops are stable when spinning. • Gyroscopes tend to stay lined up.

15. Example One:Centripetal Force Apparatus • Draw the system from the side and from the top (show the radius in both drawings). • L = Iw = Mr2w • LBEFORE = LAFTER • MR2w = Mr2w

16. Example Two: Playground Merry Go Round • The person (40 kg) starts at the edge, and moves to 0.5 m from the center. • The disk is 100 kg. • The radius of the disk is 2.0 m. • Initial speed is 1 rad/s • Final speed = ?

17. Solve for final angular speed. Lo = L´ person + disk = person + disk mR2w + (1/2)MR2w = mR’2w´ + (1/2)MR2w´ (40)221 + (1/2)(100)(2)21 = (40)(0.5)2w´ + (1/2)(100)(2)2w´ w´ = 1.7 rad/s (faster than before)

18. Closing Demonstration • Hold spinning bicycle wheel while standing on a table that can spin. • The total angular momentum of the system is a constant. • If the person changes the L of the wheel, then the L of the person must change!!!

19. Rotational Energy • Everyone would guess that a spinning object has energy, even if it’s not getting anywhere. • Kinetic or Potential? • How much? [It can’t be KE = (1/2)Mv2 , because it’s not getting anywhere.]

20. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to ___ .

21. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to I (rotational inertia).

22. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to I. • Speed (v) goes to ___ .

23. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to I. • Speed (v) goes to w (rotational speed).

24. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to I. • Speed (v) goes to w (rotational speed). • KE = (1/2)Mv2 goes to KE = _____.

25. Build the Equation by Analogy • Mass goes to I. • Speed (v) goes to w (rotational speed). • KE = (1/2)Mv2 goes to KE = (1/2)Iw2

26. Example: A Compact Disc (CD) • How much KE does it have when it’s spinning? • KE = (1/2)Iw2 • So, what’s I and what’s w ? • Moment of Inertia for a disk = … • I = (1/2)mr2 • Mass = 16 grams (= 0.016 kg) • Radius = 6 cm (= 0.06 meter) • I = (1/2)mr2 = (1/2)(.016)(.06)2 = 0.000029 kg•m2

27. What else do we need? • Get this: The disc player needs information at a constant rate, so the angular speed needs to vary! • w = {144 rotations/min  240 RPM} • w = {2.4 rotations/sec  4.0 RPS} • w = {15 radians/s  25 rad/s} • So, the average is about 20 rad/s

28. Finish Up: KE = (1/2)Iw2 • KE = (1/2)(.000029)(20)2 • KE = 0.0058 Joules

29. What is the ‘take-away’? Just like mgh, (1/2)Mv2 , and (1/2)kx2 … rotational energy needs to be _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ when we use an equation using energy: W = DEE2 = E1

30. What is the ‘take-away’? Just like mgh, (1/2)Mv2 , and (1/2)kx2 … rotational energy needs to be included when we use an equation using energy: W = DEE2 = E1

31. ‘Menu’ for the Review Game

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