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# Angular Momentum

Angular Momentum. Inertia and Velocity. In the law of action we began with mass and acceleration F = ma This was generalized to use momentum: p = mv. Moment of Momentum. To continue the analysis of rotational motion, we must also extend the idea of momentum. p. r. Applying Torque.

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## Angular Momentum

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### Presentation Transcript

1. Angular Momentum

2. Inertia and Velocity • In the law of action we began with mass and acceleration • F = ma • This was generalized to use momentum: p = mv.

3. Moment of Momentum • To continue the analysis of rotational motion, we must also extend the idea of momentum. p r

4. Applying Torque • An external torque changes angular momentum. L L+rpsinq w w p

5. Spinning Mass • The moment of inertia is the analog of mass for rotational motion. • The analog for angular momentum would be: w

6. Angular Momentum Conserved • With no net external torque, angular momentum is constant. • The angular momentum of an isolated system is conserved

7. A system may have more than one rotating axis. The total angular momentum is the sum of separate vectors. Ltotal = Ls + Lw = Lw Internal Angular Momentum Lw w Ls = 0

8. Internal torques cancel out. Conservation requires that the sum stay constant. Ltotal = Ls + (-Lw) = Lw Ls = 2Lw Internal Movement Ls = 2 Lw -w -Lw

9. Conservation • With no external torque, angular momentum is constant. • DL/Dt= 0 • L = constant 4w w m r/2 r I = mr2 I = mr2/4 next

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