Review from Yesterday • Language • Radio Activity • Sonnet 18 • Language Handout • Helpful tool
Let’s do some writing… • In your journal, describe the image that you see. Think of your written piece as a mental snap-shot of what you see. Be as descriptive as possible. Choose your words with thought and care.
My Language is Different from Your Language…Or is it? An Introduction to the Language of Shakespeare (part 2)
Shakespeare’s Use of Language… • Did you know that Shakespeare used 25,000 – 30,000 words in his plays? WOW!!! • He made up words. This is referred to as neologism. • Examples: lonely, gloomy, hurry, laughable, road, ETC… • Many of the words he used were the first time they were saw in print. He coined a lot of phrases. • “eaten out of house and home”, “pomp and circumstance”, “foregone conclusion”
Shakespeare’s Use of Language… • Shakespeare loved to pun • The usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound • He played with his words and his audience • Bear, bier • Barn, born • He was extremely flexible with literal and figurative language • Literal - Adhering to fact or to the ordinary construction or primary meaning of a term or expression • Figurative - Expressing one thing in terms normally denoting another with which it may be regarded as analogous
Language as Theme • Shakespeare uses “several verb forms and patterns to serve as tools, affective instruments designed to move the audience, to give pleasure, to engage, to amuse, to excite” (McDonald 55). • Richard III (1.1.1-31) • His character is wicked, villainous…straight up mean. • What does Shakespeare do with the language in this passage?
How Shakespeare Uses Language… • Aside • Usually a short, pithy conversation to audience and no one else • Monologue • Long speech on stage that other people can hear • Soliloquy • Long speech with no one on stage, internal thoughts • Blank Verse • Unrhymed iambic pentameter • Metadrama • Play within a play
How Shakespeare Uses Language… • Most of Shakespeare’s plays are open script • Lack of stage direction • Most direction added by editors • Language speaks/dictates the direction • Moments “to make your own” • Closed scripts • Modern plays • Doesn’t allow for “openness” or interpretation of the setting/direction
Genres of Shakespeare’s Plays • Comedy, History, Tragedy, Romance • Comedy • They present a complication that is resolved in the end. The “comedy” is in the process. The “to” is the key… • Confusion to order • 2 to 1 • Marriage to bedroom • Unhappiness to satisfaction • Separation to union • A Midsummer Night’s Dream is a comedy
Tossing Lines Activity • Each of you will receive a line from A Midsummer Night’s Dream • Read the line to yourself. Are there any words that you don’t understand or can’t pronounce? What are they? • Let’s get into a BIG CIRCLE with your lines in hand • One section at a time…please • You will say your line, then toss the toy to someone. They will catch the toy, say their line, and toss the toy to someone else. We will continue this until all the lines have been said a few times. Try saying the line differently each time…
Let’s wrap it up… • Ticket out the door… • Return to your desks and get out your journals. In your journal, write down as many lines as you can remember (at least 3). Then write a question you still have about today’s lesson. Write your name at the top of your paper, tear it out of your journal (carefully) and turn it in. • Homework • Study your guided notes