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Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing

Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing

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Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing

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  1. Cultural Landscape: Folk Housing AP Human Geography McAlister December 1, 2010

  2. Cultural Landscape • Cultural Landscape – a characteristic and tangible outcome of the complex interactions between a human group and the natural environment • Carl Sauer- famous U.C. Berkley geographer studied how material expressions of culture show on the landscape

  3. Cultural Geography • Two major questions guide this field • How does space, place and landscape shape culture? (Jot down an example) • How does culture shape space, place and landscape? (example) • As you think about food, sport, housing traditions consider these questions.

  4. Folk Housing • Fred Kniffen said that housing was a good reflection of cultural heritage, fashion, functions and the environment • Housing is influenced by: 1. building materials available Ex) log cabins and adobe homes 2. social customs of the people Ex) in South Central Java the front door faces south the direction of the South Sea Goddess who holds the key to the Earth, Houses on the Charleston Battery are slanted towards the breeze coming from the Atlantic Ocean.

  5. What houses would be made of in certain zones?

  6. Folk Housing in the U.S. • Fred Kniffen identified three hearths (nodes or centers). They are New England, Middle Atlantic, Lower Chesapeake. • These homes were created when people arrive in the U.S. to the 1800s.

  7. Types of Folk Houses • New England - Saltbox, Two Chimney, Cape Cod, and Front Wing and Gable. These spread as far as Wisconsin because settled by people from New England. • Middle Atlantic – I House spread from PA and Delaware to Midwest • Lower Chesapeake – Chesapeake Bay Maryland and Virginia to down the coast. Comprised of one-story with steep roof and chimney at either end.

  8. Salt Box House

  9. Saltbox House • http://money.cnn.com/2006/01/20/real_estate/saltbox_homes/index.htm

  10. Two Chimney

  11. Cape Cod

  12. Colonial Cape Cod

  13. Front Wing and Gable

  14. More

  15. I-House

  16. I-House in Aiken, SC

  17. Tidewater House in Virginia Beach

  18. Shotgun House (Southern Tradition)

  19. List four ways that Popular Housing is different from Folk Housing ? • What are the major types of Popular Housing in the U.S.? • Which is closest to your home style?