Personal Safety Glencoe Teen Health (2) Chapter 15 Lesson 1 - Preventing Injury (pp. 472-474) Lesson 3 - Staying Safe Outdoors (pp. 480-485) Lesson 5 - Giving First Aid (p. 493-502)
Personal Safety • Description • This unit will cover safety and emergency procedures for home and outdoors. Topics will include the accident chain, weather emergencies, cyber safety, emergency procedures for home fires, treatment of burns, heat related illnesses, first aid for choking, bleeding, and poisoning.
DO NOW: • On a scratch piece of paper, write your name at the top and answer the following question. Turn into Ms. McCreary when finished. • Do you own a cell phone, ipod, ipad, etc. that your parents will allow you to bring to school and is able to download aps and has a camera? • Yes or No
Personal Safety • Essential Questions • How might most injuries and accidents be prevented? • How can weather be dangerous to my safety and how should I respond appropriately? • Why should safety come first in sports and play? • How can you remain safe while riding as a passenger?
Personal Safety • Enduring Understanding • Corrective actions can resolve unsafe situations at home and away. • Many accidents can be avoided by being safety conscious and paying attention to your surroundings. • There are appropriate safety precautions that there are unique to each weather and natural disaster emergencies that can help prevent unnecessary injuries. • Following safety rules can reduce the risk of injuries during exercise sports and other activities.
Personal Safety • Vocabulary • Accidental injuries • Concussions • Hazards • Hypothermia • Safety conscious • Water safety guidelines • Weather emergencies
Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner • safetyconscious Potential sources of danger • hazards • accidentalinjuries Injuries caused by unexpected events
Safety First • Accidents do happen, but you can prevent many of them. When you stay safe and avoid accidents, you help yourself and those around you stay healthy. The highest numberof teen deaths occurin auto accidents. 85,000 people die fromaccidental injuriesevery year.* *According to the National Safety Council
Safety First The first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious. safety conscious Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner It’s easier to prevent injuries than to treat them.
Safety First Pay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you. hazards Potential sources of danger Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Safety First Keep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries. accidental injuries Injuries caused by unexpected events Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Responsibility When you put your belongings in their proper place, they’re not in the way, so they’re less likely to cause accidents. Putting away clothes and equipment also helps cut down on clutter.
Fire Safety Fires often involve materials that are flammable. flammable Able to catch fire easily Flammable materials may catch fire due to a spark, an open flame, or a burning object such as a lighted cigarette.
Fire Safety Some fires start from electrical overload. electrical overload A dangerous situation in which too much electrical current flows along a single circuit Shredded wires or torn cords can also start fires.
Fire Safety Causes of Fires in the Home Careless cooking Careless smoking Incorrect storage offlammable materials Damaged electricalsystems orelectrical overload Gas leaks
Preventing Fires • Keep stoves and ovens clean. • Keep flammable materials away from burners. • Never let a smoker toss a cigarette into a trashcan before making sure it is completely extinguished. • Remind people not to smoke in bed. • Store matches and lighters out of the reach of children.
Preventing Fires • Never play with matches or lighters. • Check appliances regularly for loose or damaged cords. • Never pull on the cord to unplug an appliance. • Never run cords under rugs or carpets. • If you see a worn or shredded cord, tell an adult.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire A smoke alarm can save your life. smoke alarm A device that sounds an alarm when it senses smoke Every level ofthe house shouldhave smokealarms. Install smokealarms close tosleeping areasand bedrooms. Test smokealarms everymonth. Put in freshbatteries oncea year.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire Do not use water to put out fires that involve grease, oil, or electricity. Use a fire extinguisher. fire extinguisher A device that sprays chemicals that put out fires Read the fire extinguisher’s directions, and make sure that you know how to use it properly.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire Create a Fire Escape Plan With Your Family Know escape routesfrom each bedroom. Choose a meetingpoint outside. Practice theescape plan.
Fire Escape Plan Homework You are a volunteer fire fighter. You need to make a diagram of your home, a fire escape plan and two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms. In your diagram, you need to label where your smoke alarm, carbon monoxide alarm, fire extinguisher, and first aid kit are located. Also, have a family discussion and determine your central meeting place located some where outside the home. After your escape route and meeting place is established meet with your family to practice the two escape routes. • Constructed response • How can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death? • Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
Fire Escape Plan Rubric • The student has drawn the diagram of the house ____/10 • The student has drawn in details the fire escape plan ____/10 • The student has shown two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms ____/10 • The student has identified a central meeting place outside the home ____/10 • The student has shown, explained and have parents signed the fire escape plan. ____/20 • The student has answered the constructed response questions. ____/20 • Total Points ____/80
How Accidental Injuries Happen If you think about the last accident you had, you can probably see the accident chain that led up to it. The Unsafe Habit The Unsafe Action The Situation The Accident The Result
Breaking the Accident Chain Change thesituation. Change theunsafe habit. Change theunsafe action. Accidentprevented. =
In this lesson, you will learn to • describehow to stay safe on the roads. • describehow to stay safe in your neighborhood. • identifyways to stay safe in hot and cold weather. • accessvalid information about drowning prevention. • describehow to be safe in and around water. • explainsafety measures for hiking and camping.
Safety on Foot Ever since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian. pedestrian A person who travels on foot
Safety on Foot When walking on theroad, walk on the sideof the road and faceoncoming traffic. Walk on sidewalkswhen you can. Look both waysseveral times beforecrossing the street.Listen for traffic. Make sure a driver cansee you when you cross in front of a vehicle.Make eye contact Cross in crosswalkswhen they areavailable. When walking at night,take a well-lit route.Wear reflective clothing. Do not talk on a cellphone or wearheadphones.
Safety on Wheels Wear a helmet. Wear wrist guards,elbow, knee pads,and light gloves. Follow yourcommunity’s rules. When skating,learn how to stopand fall safely.
Safety on Wheels Before You Ride A Bike: Check the seat and handle bars to make sure they are secure. Make sure tires are inflated correctly and are not too worn. Use reflectors to help drivers see you. Make sure your bike is the right size for you. Use a light when riding at night.
Safety on Wheels When Riding A Bike: Stay alert. Obey all traffic laws. Ride with the flow of traffic. Ride single file when riding in a group. Learn hand signals and use them before you turn. Avoid riding in bad weather and control your speed.
Concussion • Signs • Appears to be dazed or stunned • Confused • Clumsy • Loses consciousness • Behavior or personality change • Forgot events prior or after hit Concussion – a brain injury that may occur when the head hits an object, or a moving object strikes the head.
Concussion • Symptoms • Headache • Nausea • Balance problems or dizziness • Sensitivity to light or noise • Sluggish or slowed down • Change in sleep pattern • Feeling fatigued
Concussion Video: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCCD52Pty4A
Bell Ringer:1.Put the following in order, according to the Accident Chain… • The unsafe habit • The accident • The unsafe action • The result • The situation 2. Why is it important to break the accident chain?
Citizenship Obeying traffic laws while you are walking or riding a bike is a sign of citizenship. It is also preparation for the traffic laws you will need to obey while driving.
Safety in Vehicles • Always wear a seatbelt. • Small children should ride in the backseat. • Airbags can protect adults, but hurt small children. • Don’t bother the driver of a school bus. • When you get off a bus, make sure all drivers around the bus can see you clearly. • Cooperate with the bus driver in an emergency.
Neighborhood Safety • Don’t travel alone at night. • Tell a parent or guardian where you are going and when you will be home. • Walk in well-lit places. • Leave expensive items at home. • Carry identification. • Carry a cell phone, money, or a calling card.
Neighborhood Safety • Be aware! • Notice the people around you and what they are doing. • Move away from anyone who makes you feel uncomfortable.
Neighborhood Safety • Know how to get help! • If someone tries to touch you or hurt you, scream and get away any way you can. • Run to the nearest public or safe place. • Find someone who can help you. • Call 911. • Explain what happened to anyone who can help.
Safety at Play Take a buddy or two. Stay aware. Know your limits. Use good judgment. Warm up and cool down.
Hot Weather Safety Tips • If you feel dizzy, out of breath, or have a headache, take a break. • Keep cool by drinking lots of water. • Rest in the shade when you can.
Hot Weather Safety Tips • Signs of heat exhaustion include: • Cold, clammy skin • Dizziness • Nausea • Signs of heatstroke include: • Increase in body temperature • Difficulty breathing • Loss of consciousness
Water Safety Follow all posted safety rules. Swim only when a lifeguard or trusted adult is present. Swim with a buddy. Don’t swim if you are too tired or cold. Watch for signs of storms. Never swim in water with strong currents. Don’t dive in water that is less than 9 feet deep. Don’t let young children near the water unless you are watching carefully.
Hiking and Camping Safety Never camp or hike alone. Know where you are. Dress properly. Know the plants and animals. Check your equipment. Use fire responsibly.
Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere • weatheremergencies A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground • tornado A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea • hurricane A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 milesper hour • blizzard
A sudden and dangerous drop in bodytemperature • hypothermia A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface • earthquake Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake • aftershocks
Predicting Skim the headings, figures, photos and captions in this lesson. Then jot down two questions that you think might be answered in the lesson. Headings in this Lesson • What Are Weather Emergencies? • Tornadoes • Hurricanes • Blizzards • Thunderstorms and Lightning • What Are Natural Disasters? • Floods • Earthquakes
What Are Weather Emergencies? People cannot prevent weather emergencies. weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere The National Weather Service (NWS) sends out bulletins in the form of storm watches and storm warnings.