Space Settlement Design Project By: 7thHour Physical Science Class
Nuclear Fusion • Deuterium and Tritium • Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor – Russian magnetic fusion device • Other Methods • Thermonuclear Fusion • Inertial confinement fusion • Inertial electrostatic confinement • Beam-beam or beam-target fusion • Muon-catalyzed fusion
Rings • 1st Ring • Gym • Cafeteria • Restaurants • Day care • School • Religious center • Recreation center • Bank • Living quarters • 2nd Ring • Agricultural area • Food storage/processing • Extra housing • Green house • Water maintenance • Air management • Waste management • Power center • 3rd Ring • Control center • Communications • Storage • Holding cells • Docking stations
Living Quarters • Singles • 325 square ft. • 1 bedroom, living room, 1 full bath • Duel • 650 square ft. • 2 bedrooms, 1 office, Living Room, 1 full bath • Family of 3-5 • 1000 square ft. • 3 bedrooms, 1 office, 1 living room, 1 full bath • Family of 6-8 • 1400 square ft. • 4 bedrooms, 1 office, 1 full bath and ½ bath
Solar Power • Storage • Hydrogen • H20 • Titanium dioxide • Flow Batteries • Fuel cells • Quinone
Radio Waves • Our Space Craft is designed with a transmitter and a receiver • The transmitter on Earth must be precisely pointed at our ship to be most effective • These will broadcast voiced messages between Earth and Space • There happens to be a 3 to 21 minute delay between each radio message, and that is why this system is flawed
Debris Protection • Passive protection can be achieved through Whipple shields with aluminum and Nextel-Kevlar bumper layers. • Invented by Fred Whipple, is a type of hypervelocity impact shield used to protect manned and unmanned spacecraft from collisions with micrometeoroids and orbital debris whose velocities generally range between 3 and 18 kilometers per second (1.9 and 11.2 mi/s).
Water Management • Screen out large objects • Water is pumped into a tank called the grit chamber • Suspended organic solids settle to the bottom of the chamber • Higher gravitational pull will increase the speed of this filtration, making it more efficient • Extra matter is pumped into a sludge digester • Anaerobic bacteria breaks it down
Approximate water needs per person • Food preparation water 0.76Kg • Drink 1.62Kg • Hand / face wash 4.09Kg • Shower water 2.73Kg • Dish wash 12.50kg • Urinal flush 0.49Kg 42,538,230 Kg 22,493,337 Gallons
Day and Night Cycles • 24 hour and 40 minute days • 12 hours and 40 minutes of day • 12 hours of night • Light filtering windows to control the daylight system
Radiation Protection • Hydrogenated boron nitride nanotubes known as hydrogenated BNNTs. • Tiny, nanotubes made of carbon, boron, and nitrogen, with hydrogen interspersed throughout the empty spaces left in between the tubes. • Boron is also an excellent absorber of radiation, making hydrogenated BNNTs an ideal shielding material.
Climate Control • The atmosphere is provided and controlled by air pumps that regulate the air composition • Computer systems analyze and manage the supply and demand of air composition in each section • Climate accounts for the humidity and temperature of each section • Humidity is created by the managed provision of humidifiers and with the amount of trees planted within each section • Temperature is controlled with the use of heaters • Illumination is basically controlled by mirrors that redirect sunlight to the inhabited areas • Agricultural areas will have a different atmosphere to reach maximum plant growth • 10 tanks w/ 10 PSI per tank
Asteroid Mining • Solid ice mining • The Apis solar-thermal oven scheme makes use of thin-film inflatable structures stemming from work on NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). The ARM plan calls for plucking a boulder off a near-Earth asteroid using a robotic probe, then hauling this chunk of rock to lunar orbit, where it could be visited by astronauts. [NASA's Asteroid Capture Mission in Pictures] • But in the Apis case, the inflatable capture system is fabricated from high-temperature material and designed to fully enclose the target. • After the asteroid has been encapsulated and de-spun, an inflatable solar concentrator churns out direct solar-thermal energy to the asteroid surface. This heat is used to excavate the asteroid and force the water to outgas into the enclosing bag. • From there, the outgassing water is pumped into a passively cooled bag and stored as solid ice. • Ships could possibly go to asteroids near the ship and collect solid ice to be brought back and melted and filtered • Approximately 321,357 gallons of water per asteroid
Building: How and Where • We would build this space ship at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s center for human spaceflight activities-located in Houston, Texas • We would build this space ship vertically, and in parts • We will put it on a space pad, and ignite the spaceship
Agriculture Numbers • On an average we will go through 10,300,500 pounds of a food over the course of 9 months. • 1,398,600 pounds of meat over 9 months • 8,901,900 pounds of vegetables and fruit that we will go through. • We will drink about 945,000 gallons of water through the whole trip. • 466,200 • 116,550 chickens- 0.5 liters per day – they will eat 174, 825 pounds of food per day • 3,238 pigs- 0.78 liters per day – they will eat 25,904 pounds of food a day • 982 cattle – 34 liters per day – they will eat 26,514 pounds of food a day • Chickens- 5825 liters water • Pigs- 2526 liters water • Cows- 33388 liters water • Total= 41, 739 liters water