University of Maryland Eastern Shore Hazard Communication ProgramChemical Hygiene Laboratory SafetyCampus Emergency ProceduresCampus Regulatory Procedure
UMES Written Hazard Communication Program (HCP) • Fulfills the requirements set forth in the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (H.C.S.), 29 CFR 1910.1200 will be met in this laboratory. • Right-to-Know Program • Material Safety Data Sheets • www.umes.edu/EHS
Purpose • Teaches the student/staff to protect themselves • Reduces the number of accidents by promoting safe laboratory practices
UMES Training Office • Environmental Health and Safety Office • HTTP://www.umes.edu/EHS • Located in Physical Plant • Personnel • Mr. Preston Cottman, Health and Safety Manager • Ext. 6552 Email firstname.lastname@example.org • Ms. Jicola Sturgis, Assistant Health and Safety Manager • Ext. 6552 Email email@example.com
Department of Natural Science Trainers • Ms. Amelia Potter • Laboratory Coordinator and Lecturer • Hazardous Communication Regulatory Trainer • My contact information is: • Office: CH 2105 • Email: firstname.lastname@example.org • Phone: Ext. 6044
Right-to-Know Video Training • Please play the Right-to-Know Video at this time.
Hazards • Health Hazards • Exposure • Biologicals • Blood • Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) • Chemicals • Physical Hazards • Chemicals • Reactivity, spills • Fire / Burns • Clutter • Cold Traps/Cryo • Gas/Cylinders • Chemical Storage • Sharps • Equipment
Hazardous Chemicals • Physical Hazards • Flammables • Reactive Chemicals • Oxidizers • Pyrophoric • Col traps cryogens • Compressed gases • Corrosives • Incompatible Chemicals • Light sensitive chemicals • Peroxide-forming • Health Hazards • Carcinogens (formaldehyde) • Toxins, Poisons • Irritants • Sensitizers • Reproductive Toxins • CNS toxins • Agents organ damage
MSDS • Ethanol, Anhydrous (Histological), Fisher Chemical - 681075 - Chemical Product Phy.Prop Display - Fisher Scientific
MSDS • Hydrochloric Acid Fisher Chemical -
The Material Safety Data SheetsLOCATION • Where should MSDSs be located in lab: • Hanging Folder/Binder by the laboratory door. • Copy at a predetermined location. • Where to get a MSDS to put in Binders: • Shipped with Chemicals to person who placed order. Sometimes goes to EHS • ONLINE from Chemical Company • (Note that MSDSs from different companies are different and present different information)
The Material Safety Data SheetsResponsibility • Teaching Laboratories: Faculty Instructor (FI) is responsible for insuring that these documents are present and are up to date. • Research Laboratories: Principle Investigator (PI) is responsible for insuring that these documents are present and are up to date. • If they are not, please contact EHS and provide the building, the room, and the PIs name.
Hazardous Materials Handler Training • Persons who handle hazardous chemical or biological materials and/or waste must be trained. • Chemical Hazards • Hazardous Materials Committee: • Mr. Preston Cottman - EHS • Biological Hazards • Biosafety Committee: • Dr. Victor Xsia, Pharmacy
Hazardous Material Storage • All Hazardous material, including waste, must be stored securely. • This includes locking the materials, including waste, such that unauthorized persons do not have access. • Do not store mixed hazards. Separate flammables, corrosives, metals and others.
Chemical Hazards • Hazardous chemicals are those that will cause injury to humans, animals or the environment. • These include those classified as flammable, corrosive (acids or bases), irritants, toxins, carcinogens, mutagens, teratogens, oxidizers, explosives, light sensitive, cryo, peroxide, compressed gases, etc.
Chemical Hazards • It also includes those that can also cause severe environmental damage, such as drugs and hormones.
AREA NOTIFICATION • Anyone entering as part of work or research must be trained concerning the hazards in their workplace. • All labs using hazardous chemicals should have the chemical in use posted on the door and limited access.
Hazardous ChemicalHandling, Storage and Waste • Handle, store and dispose of hazardous chemicals as described in the MSDS. • All chemicals, solutions and waste must be properly labeled. • Do not store mixed hazards. Separate flammables, corrosives, metals, . . . .
Hazardous Material Labeling Labeling of Solutions: • All of the solutions which you use should be labeled. • A proper label be legible and will state, at minimum, • the name and concentration of the chemicals in the solution, • the date, (mm/dd/yyyy) • the PIs full name • Your full name. • The generating grant no.(###-###-…) or the generating class (ENVS 101) DO NOT remove or deface label
Fire Protection Label • Rating • 4 most Hazardous • 0 no Hazard • Red = Flammability • Yellow = Reactivity • Blue = Health • White = Personal Protection Equipment/ Other
Hazardous Material Transfer Transfer of Solids: • Wear Gloves and Goggles. • Always handle bottles PALM to LABEL. • Pour an amount from the labeled dispensing stock bottle into a labeled beaker. • Then transfer from the beaker the amount needed to your receptacle. • Do not pour the unused contents of your beaker solution back in the dispensing bottle. Use a labeled recycle bottle or waste bottle.
Hazardous Material Transfer Transfer of Liquids and Solutions: • Wear Gloves and Goggles. • Always pour a solution PALM to LABEL. • Pour liquids/solutions from the labeled dispensing stock bottle into a labeled beaker. • Then pour from the beaker to your graduated cylinder or pipet the amount needed. • Do not pour the unused contents of your beaker solution back in the dispensing bottle. Use a labeled recycle bottle or waste bottle.
Handling CORROSIVES (Acids/Bases) • Concentrated solutions of acids and bases must be used in a Chemical Fume Hood. Note that these are not HEPA filtered biological hoods, used to culture cells. Never breath acid or base fumes. • Acids and Bases should be washed off immediately with water. Check for burns. • Add Acid into Water to disperse the heat when diluting. • Store in Corrosive cabinets. • Do not store with metals nor flammables.
Handling Flammables • Flammables should be used in a Chemical Fume Hood with non-sparking hot plates and motors. • No Smoking signs should be posted. • Note that the vapor of some organics may burn, such as ethanol. These should be extinguished with the proper foam-based fire extinguisher. Do not disperse the vapor. • Flammables must be stored in flammable cabinets, • separate from corrosives and metals.
Handling Explosives • Explosives should be used in explosion proof rooms and in the proper environment. • Explosives must be stored under the proper environment, in explosive retardant cabinets, in explosion proof rooms, separate from corrosives and metals.
Handling Irritants, Toxins, etc. • Both the vapor and the solid/liquid material of these chemicals should be avoided. • Wear gloves and goggles, with breathing apparatus when instructed in MSDS. Do not breath in nor touch skin. • Store and dispose according to MSDS.
Chemical Spills Chemical Spills : • In the event of a chemical spill, follow the instructions in the MSDS. • Notify the PI/Faculty of the spill. • Notify EHS of the spill.
Signs of Chemical Exposure • Headache • Muscle Aches • Dizzy • Burning in eyes, nose, throat • Sick • Seizure • Get to ventilated area immediately. Seek medical attention.
HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL • Disposal procedure and the label must follow the instructions provided for Hazardous Chemical Waste Disposal located on the EHS website: • www.umes.edu/EHS • Large Quantity Generator Rules apply. • Label all hazardous chemical waste bottles, with the appropriate EHS label prior to conducting the experiment.
REMINDERS for WASTE • Store securely. Store in a locked area. Fume hoods are NOT storage areas. • Dispose of Solids and Liquids Separately • Containers should be compatible for waste material. • Bottles should be sealed. DO NOT use aluminum foil, parafilm nor corks to seal bottles or containers.
HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL Procedure Summary • Each bottle should be labeled with a yellow 4in X 4in label printed with the EHS logo. Template to use Avery label (use two 2” X 4”) is available. • Completed Waste Disposal Form should be completed • MSDS should be provided for each chemical. • (see EHS website).
HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL WASTE DISPOSAL Procedure Summary 2 • PI or FI are the generators and should submit waste to EHS for pick up Quarterly or when storage area is full.
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDSDefinitions • Hazardous biologics are those that will cause injury to humans, animals or the environment. • These are classified by Biosafety Level (BSL), which refers to the mode of transport and the level of infection. • BSL 1 is a normally occurring biological at environmental levels which may cause limited pathogenesis in humans, animals or plants. BSL 1 are allowable on campus.
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS • BSL 2 are classified as having potential for pathogenesis but not airborne transport. Low potential for vector infection or death. UMES is working toward a BSL 2 lab. We cannot order BSL 2 biologics to date? • BSL 3 are classified as being pathogenic and airborne transport. High potential for vector infection. These biologics usually result in death. We cannot order BSL 3 or higher biologics to date.
AREA BSL NOTIFICATION • Anyone entering as part of work or research must be trained concerning the hazards in their workplace. • All labs using biologics should have the level of the biologic posted on the door and limited access. • Yellow BIOSAFETY warning notices, for research with BSL 2 or higher, must be posted on the exterior door.
HANDLING HAZARDOUS BIOLOGICS • Ordering of BSL materials must be approved by the EHS and the BSC. • BSL 1 require minimum protection of gloves and goggles. • BSL 2 require limited access and exposure and should not be used without prior instruction from EHS and the UMES Biosafety committee. • BSL 3 and higher are not allowed on campus at this time.
BIOSAFETY DISINFECTION • Surfaces used with biologics must be disinfected by the method described in the MSDS. • At a minimum, this includes the use of a disinfecting compound or device, such as UV light. • Gloves, even unused, may not be worn outside the laboratory.
HAZARDOUS BIOLOGICAL WASTE DISPOSAL • Biologics, including media, and cells, should be autoclaved before disposal. • Use a regular PE bag and autoclave tape to autoclave BSL 1 level biologics and trash. • Use a sealed box inside a regular PE bag and autoclave tape to autoclave BSL 1 spent needles and sharps. • The BIOSAFETY orange autoclave bags and/or sharps disposal boxes are reserved for use with BSL2 and higher.
HAZARDOUS BIOLOGICAL WASTE DISPOSAL • Disposal procedure and the label must follow the instructions provided for Hazardous Biological Waste Disposal located on the EHS website: • www.umes.edu/EHS • Label all hazardous chemical waste bottles, with the appropriate EHS label prior to conducting the experiment.
Charge for Waste Disposal • Your grant/department will be charged for all hazardous waste disposal. This may be included in the overhead of grants. • Unknown waste costs $4000/bottle. Please label materials and waste. • It is a violation to “dump” your waste in another area. It must disposed from the area from which it was generated.