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Comma Coma

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Comma Coma

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  1. Comma Coma Continued…

  2. Use a comma before and/or after an interjection • Wow, what a beautiful dress. • Hey, that’s my lunch! • My goodness, you’ve grown so much. • I told Ryan that, yes, I would go with him to the movies.

  3. Use commas between consecutive adjectives describing the same noun. • It was a dark, cold, dreary night. • I bought some expensive, stylish white tennis shoes. • USE A COMMA WHEREVER THE WORD AND WOULD SOUND RIGHT. • I bought some expensive and stylish white tennis shoes. • I bought some expensive, stylish and white tennis shoes. • I bought some expensive, stylish white and tennis shoes.

  4. Don’t put a comma before the noun! • I ate a beautiful, ripe, delicious apple. • NOT • I ate a beautiful, ripe, delicious, apple.

  5. Comma Coma Continued…

  6. Use commas before and/or after some Latin abbreviations • I love sports, e.g., baseball, basketball, and football. • A vet works with many types of animals – dogs, cats, horse, cows, etc.

  7. Use commas before and after parenthetical expressions • Parenthetical expressions are by-the-way phrases that are inserted into a sentence giving information or thoughts that are not absolutely essential. • I reminded Mom, in case she’d forgotten, that I really want an iPad for my birthday. • They usually cost, if you get a good deal, about $400.

  8. Use commas after greetings and before closings in friendly letters Openings • Dear Kareem, • Dear Mom, • Dear Fred, Closings: • Love, • Sincerely, • Regards,

  9. Use commas with titles when they come after (but not before) the person’s name • Here: • ArithMetic, Ph.D., is my math teacher. • NOT Here: • Dr. Metic is my math teacher. • Here: • Jacques Roche, D.V.M., is a famous cockroach veterinarian. • NOT Here: • Dr. Roche is a famous cockroach veterinarian.

  10. Comma Coma Continued…

  11. Use commas to how that two parts of the sentence are being contrasted • I ordered pizza, not lasagna. • I’m going out with Kevin, not Sam. • I am going to pass this class, not fail.

  12. Use commas before and after appositives • An appositive explains who or what a noun is. • Our principal, John Bossman, gave a great speech. • John Bossman is the appositive, and principal is the subject. • Katie Stevens, the best ballerina in the performance, was the star of the evening. • The best ballerina…is the appositive.

  13. Use commas to indicate omitted words • I ordered chicken; Amanda, fish. • This means “I ordered chicken; Amanda ordered fish.” • Tonight I will study math; tomorrow, Spanish. • This means “Tonight I will study math; tomorrow I will study Spanish.”