Unit5 text1 The Real Truth About Lies
A story about white lie A boy and a girl were on a motorcycle, speeding through the night . They loved each other a lot. Girl:“Slow down a little, I’m scared.” Boy:“No, it’s so fun. ” Girl:“Please···it’s so scary. ” Boy:“Then, say that you love me. ” Girl:“Fine, I love you. Can you slow down now? ” Boy:“Give me a big hug. ” The girl give him a big hug. Girl:“Now, can you slow down? ”
Chinese Version 一天晚上，一个男孩儿和一个女孩儿骑着摩托车在夜里飞驰。 他们彼此非常相爱。 女孩儿对男孩儿说：“慢一点儿，我很害怕。” 男孩儿说：“不，这样很有趣。” 女孩儿说：“求你了，这样真的很害怕。” 男孩儿说：“那你说你爱我。” 女孩儿说：“好吧。我爱你，你能开慢一点儿了吗？” 男孩儿说：“给我一个大大的拥抱。” 女孩儿便给了他一个大大的拥抱。 女孩儿说：“那现在可以慢一点了吗？”
Boy:“Can you take off my helmet and put it on? It’s uncomfortable and it’s bothering me while I’m driving.” The next day, there was a story in the newspaper. A motorcycle had crashed into a building because its brakes were broken. There were two people on the motorcycle, of which one died, and the other had survived··· The guy knew that the brakes were broken. He didn’t want to let the girl know, because he knew that the girl would have gotten scared. Instead, he was told the last time that she loved him, got a hug from her, put his helmet on herso that she can live,and die himself···
男孩儿说：“你能帮我拿走安全帽并且戴上它吗？它会打扰我开车并且让我很不舒服。” 第二天，报纸上出现了一则新闻。一辆摩托车因为制动机坏损而撞上了一栋大楼。 摩托车上有两个人，其中一个死了，而另一个幸存下来。 男孩儿知道制动机坏了。他不想让女孩儿知道，因为他知道女孩儿知道后会害怕。 相反，他让她在最后的时间里对他说我爱你，要了一个大大的拥抱并且把安全帽给女孩儿戴上，因此，她幸存了下来，而他却死了······
Music A Beatiful Lie
1.Do you lie sometimes? If you do, why? 2.If someone lied to you for your own good, how would you feel? 3.Do you agree that there is a real need to lie in actual life?
astound:make sb. very surprised or shocked esp. with( news of ) sth. completely unexpected. eg:His arrogance astounded her. 他的傲慢使她震惊。 astounded adj. 感到震惊的 astounding adj. 令人震惊的 compliment:express praise and admiration of sb. eg:It’s a great compliment to be asked to do the job. 获聘请做这项工作是一项极大的荣誉。
confound:frustrate people, causing them to be unable to explain or deal with a situation. Eg:The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股价的突然上涨使经济学家大惑不解。 falter:lose power or strenth in an uneven way, thus no longer making much progress. Eg: The economy shows no signs of faltering. 经济没有衰退的迹象。
feign:pretend to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury) Eg: The students feign reading books when teacher comes in. 当老师进来时，学生们假装在看书。 profess：declear plainly (some personal feeling,belief,ect.) Eg:He doesn’t want to profess his mistakes. 他不想告诉别人他犯了错。
tangle:make or become a mass of disordered and twisted threads. Eg:In interviews at a Wal-Mart in Beijing, a number of shoppers said they were unfazed by the retailer's tangle with authorities in Chongqing. 记者在北京一家沃尔玛超市进 行了采访,很多消费者说,他们并 没有因为沃尔玛与重庆地方政 府的纠纷而受到影响 undermine:gardually make sb. or sth. less strong or effective. Eg: Offering advice on each and every problem will undermine her feeling of being adult. 每个问题都为她提出忠告会逐渐削弱她的成年意识
warp:(cause to ) turn or twist out of shape. Eg:Left out in the heat of the sun, tapes easily warp or get stuck in their cases. 放在太阳底下暴晒后，磁带容易翘曲变形或卡带。
blurt out: say sth. that shouldn’t be said suddenly or without thinking. Eg : "You're mad," the driver blurted out. 司机脱口说道：“你疯了。”
wear down:reduce or become weaker until useless. Eg : Pipe smokers sometimes wear down the tips of their teeth where they grip their pipes. 抽烟斗的人用牙齿咬住烟斗，有时会把牙齿尖磨平。 Eg : The heels on his shoes had worn down. 他鞋子的后跟磨平了。
Part One (Para.1—Para.6):Introducing the topic by giving the results of two surveys. Part Two (Para.7—Para.11):Telling little white lies is a common practice and the reason for telling such lies is familiar—we don’t want to hurt others. Part Three (Para.12—Para.15):Author’s opinion on the consequences of telling lies. Part Four (Para.16—Para.18):Discussing which lies should be avoided.
In the text, the author talks about lies in our life, and thinks that even little white lies can produce dire consequence on social integrity.
1.The lies were most often not what most of us wo- uld call earth-shattering. very important 2. According to DePaulo, women in their interactions with other women lied mostly to spare the other’s feelings. avoid hurting the other’s feelings
3.And then there are professions—lawers, pundits, PR consultants—whose members specialize in shaping or spinning the turth to suit clients’ needs. modifying the truth 4.Are all white lies to be avoided at all costs? whatever might happen
5.Philosopher Sissela Bok warns us that they can put us on a slippery slope. a course of action which can easily lead to something unacceptable, wrong, or disastrous.
1.What a tangled web we weave, when first we practice to deceive. What we start to tell a lie, we have entered a very intricate situation, as a lie often requires other lies until the whole structure of lies be- comes so complex that it ensnares the liar.
2. “Psychological barries wear down; the ability to make more distinctions can coa- rson; the liar’s perception of his chances of being caught may warp.” One is less inhibited from lying; his ability to make moral right and wrong judgments is dulled, and he may become less cautious against being caught.
Most strikingly, these tellers-of-a-thounds • -lies reported that their deceptions caused them • “little preoccupation or regret.” 十分惊人的是，这些无数次说谎的人称，说谎 并没有使他们纠结或后悔。
2. Despite these admissions, 91 percent of all respondents said they were “satisfied with my own ethics and character.” 尽管承认说谎，百分之九十一的反馈者称 对自己的道德和性格还是感到满意。
3.Surely, these “nice lies” are harmless and well-intended, a necessary social lubricant. 毫无疑问，这些“好心的谎言”是无害的、善意 的，也是一种社交必备的润滑剂。
The lies were most often not what most of us would call earth-shattering. 宾语从句 1.宾语从句可以作及物动词、介词及形容词的宾语。 2.宾语从句的语序一律用陈述句语序。 3.连接词that引导宾语从句在句中无词义，不充当句子成份，多数情况下可以省略。 4.连接词that引导宾语从句在句中无词义，不充当句子成份，多数情况下可以省略。 5.如果从句太长，可以用形式宾语it.
Exercises 1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. 2. Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? 3. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. 4. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. 5. I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday.
Writing practice Write a 200-word composition on the topic “Is It Wise to Make Friends Online?”. In the first part of your composition, showing your own opinion about this question. In the second part, showing some arguments about your opinion. In the last part, giving a conclusion of the whole composition.