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Sociological Research Methods PowerPoint Presentation
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Sociological Research Methods

Sociological Research Methods

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Sociological Research Methods

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  1. Sociological Research Methods Review

  2. 10 Review Questions • Name three types of research • Quantitative (Deductive) • Qualitative (Inductive) • Descriptive • Name the four categories of research • Descriptive • Exploratory • Explanatory • Evaluative • Name at least two methods used to collect data • Surveys • Interviews • Participant Observation • What are the two types of samples? • Non-probability • Probability • What are the two types of variables found in research? • Independent • Dependent

  3. What are the three criteria for determining causation? • Correlation (association) • Time-Order • Non-Spuriousnness • What is “correlation” and what two types are there? • Positive • Negative • What are the four levels of measurement? • Nominal (categorical) • Ordinal • Interval • Ratio • What is the difference between reliability and measurement validity? • What are the three types of validity and what are they? • Measurement • External (cross-population generalizability) • Internal (causal)

  4. Identifying Variables & Correlations • As income increases crime decreases • I= Level of Income D= Level of crime • Negative Correlation • The less religious a person is the lower his/her income will be • I= Level of religiosity D= Income Level • Positive Correlation • The more religious a person is the more likely the person is to be a republican • I= Level of religiosity D= whether or not one is a republican • Can’t measure correlation • The faster one drives the greater the risk of getting into an accident • I= Driving speed D=The risk of getting into an accident • Positive Correlation • Athletes will score higher on the history 101 exam than non-athletes • I= Whether or not one is an athlete D= History 101 exam score • Can’t measure correlation