Bullhead family • Watch out for barbells….they will sting you • Tolerate low oxygen levels
Bluegill (Sunfish) • Most popular fish in Minnesota • 1 lb sunny is a big Bluegill
Bowfin (Dogfish) • Rough fish • Survive in murky waters • No predators
Brook Trout • Native to Minnesota • Found in Whitewater river (need clean water)
Brown trout • Introduced in early 1900’s • Thrive in warmer water than lake or brook • Found throughout SE Minnesota • Also spawns in late fall
Northern Pike • Ambush prey……lie in weeds • Mistaken for musky • “Y” bone make it hard to eat
Muskellunge • Eat fish, ducklings, and muskrats • Tiger musky – musky/northern hybrid • State record = 54 lbs • One musky/10,000 casts
Smallmouth Bass • Red eyes • Mouth extends in front of eye
Largemouth Bass Use smell to eat Back of mouth extends past eye
Lake Sturgeon • Minnesota’ biggest fish! • Covered in plates not scales • Mouth is on bottom of its head • Live to 150 years old.
Freshwater Drum • AKA – sheepshead • Males grunt to attract mates • Eggs float – good distribution through river/lake • 300,000 caught commercially in Miss. River/year
Crappie • Black & white species found in MN • Soft-mouthed makes for tough • fishing • Very good eating. • Most caught fish behind sunfish.
Common Carp • Member of the minnow family • Minnesota record = 55 lbs. • DNR trying to reduce populations in some lakes • Eat by slurping up mud and spitting out liquids. • This leads to sediment increase in clear lakes.
Flathead Catfish • Male protects eggs & young • Noodling (popular in south) ***Noodling Video***
Sauger • AKA – sandpike • Smaller than walleye • Found in border rivers – Mississippi • Not stocked in MN • Spots on dorsal – top fin
Yellow Perch • Cousin to walleye • Panfish • Main food of walleye • Used to be no limit – that’s changed • Jumbo perch
Long-nosed Gar Known for sharp teeth & aggressiveness Can live in warm water w/ low oxygen Found in Mississippi Eggs are poisonous to humans
Walleye • Official state fish • Glassy pupils – needed for deep water. • Great eating!
Lake Trout Largest of North American Trout Grows to 10 lbs or more Begin spawning at 6 years of age Sea Lamprey in Lake superior have decreased Lake trout species Do well in very deep water (80+ feet)