Download
biology assessment items n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Biology Assessment Items PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Biology Assessment Items

Biology Assessment Items

212 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Biology Assessment Items

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Biology Assessment Items Biology Content

  2. 1. How are prokaryotes different from eukaryotes? a. Prokaryotes can make their own food but eukaryotes cannot. b. Eukaryotes have a cell wall, but prokaryotes do not. c. Eukaryotes have a nucleus but prokaryotes do not. d. Prokaryotes always have organelles and eukaryotes only sometimes do.

  3. 1. How are prokaryotes different from eukaryotes? a. Prokaryotes can make their own food but eukaryotes cannot. b. Eukaryotes have a cell wall, but prokaryotes do not. c. Eukaryotes have a nucleus but prokaryotes do not. d. Prokaryotes always have organelles and eukaryotes only sometimes do.

  4. 2. A cell has a defect that results in the loss of its ability to regulate the passage of water, food, and wastes into and out of the cell. In which of the following cell structures is this defect most likely to be located? a. ribosomes b. chloroplasts c. cell membrane d. endoplasmic reticulum

  5. 2. A cell has a defect that results in the loss of its ability to regulate the passage of water, food, and wastes into and out of the cell. In which of the following cell structures is this defect most likely to be located? a. ribosomes b. chloroplasts c. cell membrane d. endoplasmic reticulum

  6. 3. Which of the following statements about cell membranes is NOT true? a. They are barriers between the inside and outside of the cell. b. They contain proteins which perform a variety of transport functions. c. They are composed of phospholipids. d. They allow DNA to move in and out of the cell.

  7. 3. Which of the following statements about cell membranes is NOT true? a. They are barriers between the inside and outside of the cell. b. They contain proteins which perform a variety of transport functions. c. They are composed of phospholipids. d. They allow DNA to move in and out of the cell.

  8. 4. Mitochondria are used to produce energy for cells. Which type of cell would contain the most mitochondria? a. fat cells b. bone cells c. red blood cells d. muscle cells

  9. 4. Mitochondria are used to produce energy for cells. Which type of cell would contain the most mitochondria? a. fat cells b. bone cells c. red blood cells d. muscle cells

  10. 5. The process of diffusion occurs when – a. all molecular movement stops. b. molecules move from areas of lesser concentration to areas of greater concentration. c. sugar molecules move into a cell. d. molecules move from areas of greater concentration to areas of lesser concentration.

  11. 5. The process of diffusion occurs when – a. all molecular movement stops. b. molecules move from areas of lesser concentration to areas of greater concentration. c. sugar molecules move into a cell. d. molecules move from areas of greater concentration to areas of lesser concentration.

  12. 6. Which of the following is responsible for maintaining the shape of the cell as well as controlling what enters and leaves the cell? a. Nucleus b. Cell wall c. Cell membrane d. Golgi apparatus

  13. 6. Which of the following is responsible for maintaining the shape of the cell as well as controlling what enters and leaves the cell? a. Nucleus b. Cell wall c. Cell membrane d. Golgi apparatus

  14. 7. Which organelle below reduces the effects of osmosis in this type of protozoan? a. Contractile vacuole b. Food vacuole c. Cilia d. Oral groove

  15. 7. Which organelle below reduces the effects of osmosis in this type of protozoan? a. Contractile vacuole b. Food vacuole c. Cilia d. Oral groove

  16. 8. The diffusion of a substance into or out of a cell requires— a. a concentration gradient. b. an active transport system. c. a carrier molecule. d. a functioning mitochondrion.

  17. 8. The diffusion of a substance into or out of a cell requires— a. a concentration gradient. b. an active transport system. c. a carrier molecule. d. a functioning mitochondrion.

  18. 9. Some single-celled organisms have cilia or flagella which allow them to ___________. a. reproduce b. grow c. move d. respire

  19. 9. Some single-celled organisms have cilia or flagella which allow them to ___________. a. reproduce b. grow c. move d. respire

  20. 10. The plasma membrane of a cell is selectively permeable, which means it— a. controls all cellular activities. b. is responsible for asexual reproduction. c. allows some materials to pass. d. has a carbohydrate foundation.

  21. 10. The plasma membrane of a cell is selectively permeable, which means it— a. controls all cellular activities. b. is responsible for asexual reproduction. c. allows some materials to pass. d. has a carbohydrate foundation.

  22. 11. The primary structure of a cell membrane is composed of— a. cholesterol. b. phospholipids. c. carbohydrates. d. saccharides.

  23. 11. The primary structure of a cell membrane is composed of— a. cholesterol. b. phospholipids. c. carbohydrates. d. saccharides.

  24. 12. Golgi apparatus is to vacuole as packaging is to— a. protecting. b. storing c. asorbing. d. hydrating.

  25. 12. Golgi apparatus is to vacuole as packaging is to— a. protecting. b. storing c. absorbing. d. hydrating.

  26. 13. Peptide bonds between amino acids are formed primarily on the cell’s— a. mitochondria. b. lysosomes. c. ribosomes. d. membrane.

  27. 13. Peptide bonds between amino acids are formed primarily on the cell’s— a. mitochondria. b. lysosomes. c. ribosomes. d. membrane.

  28. 14. Which activity is illustrated in the diagram of an amoeba shown below? a. egestion b. synthesis c. respiration d. ingestion

  29. 14. Which activity is illustrated in the diagram of an amoeba shown below? a. egestion b. synthesis c. respiration d. ingestion

  30. 15. The cell theory states all of the following except: a. All living things are made of cells. b. Viruses are made of cells. c. Cells are the basic units of life. d. Cells come only from other cells.

  31. 15. The cell theory states all of the following except: a. All living things are made of cells. b. Viruses are made of cells. c. Cells are the basic units of life. d. Cells come only from other cells.

  32. 16. Which of the following statements is true of all living things? a. All cells come from other cells. b. All cells contain a nucleus. c. Cells reproduce by binary fission. d. All living things are multicellular.

  33. 16. Which of the following statements is true of all living things? a. All cells come from other cells. b. All cells contain a nucleus. c. Cells reproduce by binary fission. d. All living things are multicellular.

  34. 17. The invention of the compound light microscope enabled scientists to observe cells, helping them to – a. determine the number of atoms in a molecule. b. discover a basic similarity among organisms. c. study the behavior of chordates. d. develop techniques for growing plants in a laboratory.

  35. 17. The invention of the compound light microscope enabled scientists to observe cells, helping them to – a. determine the number of atoms in a molecule. b. discover a basic similarity among organisms. c. study the behavior of chordates. d. develop techniques for growing plants in a laboratory.

  36. 18. The biochemical analysis of different chlorophyll pigments in plants would be most useful in determining— a. how plants reproduce asexually b. how plants pass favorable traits to their offspring c. why some plants produce hemoglobin d. which plants might have a common ancestor

  37. 18. The biochemical analysis of different chlorophyll pigments in plants would be most useful in determining— a. how plants reproduce asexually b. how plants pass favorable traits to their offspring c. why some plants produce hemoglobin d. which plants might have a common ancestor

  38. 19. Enzymes can promote chemical reactions in living tissues. For example, the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into harmless water and oxygen is accomplished by the chemical catalase. Which molecule represents the substrate in this reaction? a. catalase b. hydrogen peroxide c. oxygen d. water

  39. 19. Enzymes can promote chemical reactions in living tissues. For example, the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into harmless water and oxygen is accomplished by the chemical catalase. Which molecule represents the substrate in this reaction? a. catalase b. hydrogen peroxide c. oxygen d. water

  40. 20. Catalysts, such as enzymes, speed up the rate of a reaction by— a. raising the temperature at which the reaction occurs. b. lowering the temperature at which the reaction occurs. c. increasing the activation energy required for the reaction to occur. d. lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to occur.

  41. 20. Catalysts, such as enzymes, speed up the rate of a reaction by— a. raising the temperature at which the reaction occurs. b. lowering the temperature at which the reaction occurs. c. increasing the activation energy required for the reaction to occur. d. lowering the activation energy required for the reaction to occur.

  42. 21. The role of enzymes in chemical reactions within the cell is BEST described how? a. Enzymes change the outcome of the chemical reaction. b. Enzymes change the rate of the chemical reaction, but do not alter the outcome. c .Enzymes have no effect on any part of the chemical reaction. d. Enzymes add energy to the chemical reaction.

  43. 21. The role of enzymes in chemical reactions within the cell is BEST described how? a. Enzymes change the outcome of the chemical reaction. b. Enzymes change the rate of the chemical reaction, but do not alter the outcome. c .Enzymes have no effect on any part of the chemical reaction. d. Enzymes add energy to the chemical reaction.

  44. 22. Which substance is made up of many monomers joined together in long chains? a. amino acid b. protein c. nucleotide d. fatty acid

  45. 22. Which substance is made up of many monomers joined together in long chains? a. amino acid b. protein c. nucleotide d. fatty acid

  46. 23. Many aquatic birds secrete waxy organic substances that repel water. The birds use these substances to coat their feathers. An analysis of these substances would reveal that they are composed mostly of – a. lipids. b. proteins. c. carbohydrates. d. nucleic acids.

  47. 23. Many aquatic birds secrete waxy organic substances that repel water. The birds use these substances to coat their feathers. An analysis of these substances would reveal that they are composed mostly of – a. lipids. b. proteins. c. carbohydrates. d. nucleic acids.

  48. 24. Which macromolecule is correctly paired with its function? a. Lipids and genetic information b. Nucleic acids and energy storage c. Carbohydrates and enzymatic function d. Proteins and enzymatic function

  49. 24. Which macromolecule is correctly paired with its function? a. Lipids and genetic information b. Nucleic acids and energy storage c. Carbohydrates and enzymatic function d. Proteins and enzymatic function

  50. 25. One way RNA is different from DNA is that RNA contains – a. phosphate groups. b. hydrogen bonds. c. ribose. d. bases.