Symbol Something that stands for something else.
Liberty Bell • The bell weighs 2,000 pounds and is 12 feet wide. • The bell has cracked every time it has been rung. • The bell is now silent. • On July 4, 1776 the colonies met in Philadelphia, PA and approved the Declaration of Independence. • They rang the bell so people would gather together to listen to the Declaration be read out loud. • There are words on the bell that mean freedom all over the land and to all its people.
Statue of Liberty • She stands on Liberty Island In New York. • She was a gift from France. • It was meant to celebrate the 100th birthday of the Declaration of Independence. • It took 10 years to make. • It is made of copper. • It takes 335 steps to get all the way to the top! • About 20 million immigrants arrived in the 60 years after it was built. It was their first glimpse of America. • It stands for the freedom America offers to all people.
Bald Eagle • The Founding Father’s argued for 6 years about our emblem. • Ben Franklin wanted it to be a wild turkey. • Congress thought the eagle was a symbol of high-flying freedom, strength and courage. • It is only found in North America. • Its wings can get up to 12 feet long and it can fly up to 200 mph. • They almost became extinct, but in the last 20 years they have made a comeback!
The Star Spangled BannerBy Francis Scott Key 1814*written during the Revolutionary War*Originally a poem that was later put to music to be used as a song*In 1931 it became our national anthem http://kids.niehs.nih.gov/lyrics/spangle.htm
American Flag • There have been 27 versions of our flag. • It represents the United States of America. • The sight of the flag on the battlefield gives troops courage and reminds them what they’re fighting for. • The flag has traveled to the North Pole and the moon! • There are 13 red and white stripes for the 13 original colonies and 50 stars for the 50 states. • There are rules on how to care for our flag. • We say the pledge to promise to be faithful to the United States
Political Parties • The Donkey • Used to represent democrats • Created when Andrew Jackson was president • The Elephant • Used to represent republicans • Created by political cartoonist Thomas Nast The Democrats think of the elephant as stupid, pompous and conservative -- but the Republicans think it is dignified, strong and intelligent. On the other hand, the Republicans regard the donkey as stubborn, silly and ridiculous -- but the Democrats claim it is humble, homely, smart, courageous and loveable.