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Peter Halberg. MN Geography Final Project. Orientation. Page 30. Page 48. Page 87. Page 87. Page 87. Geological information. Located in the “driftless” bluff country. This region was formed from millions of years of erosion. Geological information.
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Peter Halberg MN Geography Final Project
Orientation Page 30 Page 48 Page 87 Page 87
Geological information • Located in the “driftless” bluff country. • This region was formed from millions of years of erosion.
Geological information • Over time the erosion formed many caves, bluffs and sinkholes that are seen today.
Settlement of area • Winona became first major city in 1853 and its strategic location on the river helped the town grow to the third largest city in Minnesota by 1860.
Winona • Winona helped the region by serving as a transportation hub and was a major saw milling area and the fourth largest wheat port in America by 1870. • Pop: 27,592 • Steamboat festival every summer.
Caledonia • Pop 2,868 • Wild turkey capital of Minnesota. • Near Beaver Creek State Park
La Cresent • Pop: 4,830 • known as the "Apple Capital of Minnesota" because John S. Harris planted the first apple trees in the Midwest here.
Rushford • Pop 2350 • The town was flooded out this year.
Things to do around the area • Many outdoor activities are available in any of the local state parks or forests.
Richard J Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest • The Minnesota Legislature established the Whitewater Management Area in 1931. • An interesting activity is designated ATV trails.
Great River Bluffs State Park • 3067 acres • 500ft bluffs overlooking river • Underdeveloped due to rare plants.
Apple Blossom Drive • Has some of the most distinct apple varieties in the United States.
Beaver Creek Valley State Park • 1187acre park • A Native American village was once present.
Mississippi River • River was original “highway” to Minnesota MN • Used to float logs down to St Louis, MO • Popular place for boating and fishing recreation.
Mound Prairie WMA • This 346 acre parcel is the first wildlife management area to be established in Houston County. • Hosts the blanding's turtle, a state threatened species.
Geological information • Ryolite and Basalt dominates the area with massive cliffs over the lake formed by prehistoric Laval flows. These flows also formed agates, which are sought after by collectors.
Geological Information • Not far inland is where the majority of Iron deposits in Minnesota are located. • Pine forests dominate this region.
Settlement of area • The area was primarily settled by miners who either worked in a nearby mine or processing plant. • Many of the small mining towns never recovered from after the mines either slowed production or shut down.
Two Harbors • Pop: 3,745 • Two Harbors consisted of two separate communities called Agate Bay and Burlington. • On the twenty-six miles of track between Duluth and Two Harbors, one can choose options for two to six hour rides through the woodlands and along the shore of Lake Superior. • Two Harbors is a mining town
Silver Bay • Pop: 1887 • The city was founded on May 1, 1954 after previously being known as the Beaver Bay housing project. • The city's main industry was refining taconite pellets to be shipped • My grandparents retired and moved up there. • The town has been on a gradual decline since mining operations have slowed.
Beaver Bay • Pop: 181 • Established in 1856, it is the oldest settlement on the north shore of Lake Superior. • Hwy 61 runs straight through town
Tofte • Pop 226 • One of three townships located in cook county
Superior National Forest • 3.9 million Acres • The forest contains both true boreal forest, and a mixed conifer-hardwood forest known as the North Woods, a transition province between the northern boreal forest and deciduous forests to the south.
Tettegouche State Park • Size 9,346 Acres • Name stems from the Tettegouche Club, an association of local businessmen which purchased the park in 1910. • A perfect place to go hiking during the day.
George H Crosby Manitou State Park • Area 3320 Acres • Land donated by George H. Crosby in 1955. • The Park was named after Crosby and the Manitou river which runs through the park. • The park was intentionally left undeveloped.
Gooseberry Falls State Park • Located 13 miles NE of Two Harbors • 18 miles of hiking trails located in the park • The park has a series of falls leading towards Lake Superior.
Superior Hiking trail • 275 mile hiking trail runs from Duluth to Canada. • The path is 18-inches wide and is set in the middle of a 4 foot clearing. • In December, 2000, Backpacker Magazine named the Superior Hiking Trail the trail with the "Best Trail/Camp/Shelter conditions," the trail with the "Best Signage" in the country, and one of the most scenic trails in the nation.
Geological Features -Relatively Flat area Southern area around lower red lake is primarily wetlands. -Dotted with many small lakes and is in the lower region of the Bog Area of Minnesota.
Settlement • This area was relatively unsettled until railroads made their way through Minnesota • The area is now primarily settled by farmers due to the flat geological features of the area.
Bagley • Pop: 1392 • County offices located in town.
Clearbrook • Pop: 560 • Is named from a brook running through the town • Known for growing wild rice. • Has three oil pipelines intersecting
McIntosh • Pop: 638 • When the "Thirteen Towns", 13 townships in Polk County, Minnesota, were opened for settlement in 1883, settlers homesteaded the region. King Township, in which the village of McIntosh was located, was one of those 13 townships.
Oklee • Pop: 435 • Main industry is Farming
Fosston • Pop 1527 • he city of Fosston is reputed to be the adopted hometown of Cordwood Pete, younger brother of famed lumberjack Paul Bunyan.
Lower Red Lake • located on the Red Lake Indian Reservation.
White Earth Indian Reservation • Home to the White Earth Nation. • The White Earth Reservation was created on March 19, 1867, during a treaty signing in Washington DC.
Red Lake Indian Reservatoin • Pop: 5,162 • Highest populated Indian reservation in Minnesota. • Home to the Red Lake Band of Chippewa.
Pine Lake • Pop: 329 • Shares name with nearby Pine Lake.
Red Lake River • Begins on lower part of Red Lake and flows westward to Grand Forks. • Has a chain of rapids near Crookston.
Leonard • Pop: 41 • Located next to west four legged lake. • Was an original railroad town. The railroad left and the town has been loosing pople ever since.
Geological Features -Primarily Flat area suitable for farming. -Along the northeast edge of the Great Plains.