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PROJECT ILLUMINATION

PROJECT ILLUMINATION

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PROJECT ILLUMINATION

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  1. PROJECT ILLUMINATION A statewide collaboration to promote awareness of sexual violence towards people with disabilities

  2. Statewide Resources

  3. Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (PCAR) • The mission of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape is to work to eliminate all forms of sexual violence and to advocate for the rights and needs of victims of sexual assault. Hotline: 1-888-772-PCAR http://www.pcar.org/index.shtml/

  4. Disability Rights Network of PA (DRNPA) • The mission of Disability Rights Network of PA is to provide advocacy in a culturally competent manner for eligible individuals to obtain the rights and benefits to which they are entitled. 1-800-692-7443 http://www.drnpa.org

  5. The Arc of Pennsylvania • Provides Advocacy & Resources for Citizens with cognitive, intellectual and developmental disabilities with 37 local chapters statewide. 1-800-692-7258 www.thearcpa.org

  6. The Institute on Disabilities at Temple University • In partnership with people with disabilities, families and allies from diverse cultures, we work to change systems so that people can live, learn, work and play in the communities of their choice. The Institute in Disabilities is committed to supporting individuals with disabilities in their pursuit of interdependence, contribution and inclusion. This mission is accomplished through training , technical assistance, services and supports, research, dissemination, and advocacy. 1-215-204-1356 http://disabilities.temple.edu/

  7. The Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS) • The Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, in collaboration with other appropriate state offices, will ensure local access to a comprehensive array of quality mental health and substance abuse services that are reflective of the needs of Pennsylvania citizens, effectively managed and coordinated, and responsive to a dynamic and changing health care environment. Central Region Office (717) 214-9076 http://www.dpw.state.pa.us/

  8. Pennsylvania Office of Developmental Programs (ODP) • Provides a wide array of services and support for people with mental retardation. 1-888-565-9435 www.dpw.state.pa.us/mentalretardationservices

  9. Staying Safe A Presentation of Project Illumination

  10. More importantly… Who are you?

  11. What we’re about to talk about… • Isn’t easy • Isn’t fun • May be difficult • If you need to leave, please do so. • If you need to talk, see me after the program.

  12. Did you know?Learning about sexual violence… A Brief Quiz

  13. 1 in ____ women and 1 in ____men will be sexually assaulted after the age of 18. a) 50 and 100 b) 20 and 64 c) 10 and 40 d) 6 and 33 • Tjaden, Patricia and Thoennes, Nancy, November 1998. Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice, Office of the Justice Programs, US Department of Justice.

  14. Nearly ____ in 10 rape and sexual assault victims knew their attacker. a) 3 b) 5 c) 7 d) 9 Rennison, Callie, “Criminal Victimization 1999: Changes 1998-99 with Trends 1993-99”, Bureau of Justice Statistics, US Department of Justice, August 2000.

  15. 1 in ____ girls and 1 in ____ boys will be sexually assaulted by the age of 18. a) 10 and 30 b) 6 and 14 c) 4 and 6 d) 2 and 5 Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, G., Lewis, I., Smith, C. “Sexual Abuse in a National Survey of Adult Men and Women: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Risk Factors.” Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 14, pp. 19-28, 1990.

  16. Only ____% of total rape/sexual assaults were reported to police. Rape or sexual assault was the violent crime least often reported to law enforcement. a.) 45 b.) 28 c.) 20 Rennison, Callie. June 2001. National Crime Victimization Survey: Criminal Victimization 2000 Changes 1999-2000 with Trends 1993-2000. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.

  17. The chances that a woman will develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after being raped are between ____% and ____%. • 20 and 50 • 15 and 30 • 50 and 95

  18. ____ to ____% of women with developmental disabilities will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime, 50% higher than the rest of the population a.) 37--54 b.) 50--75 c.) 68--83 U.S. Department of Justice, 1998

  19. This is 50% higher than the rest of the population

  20. Of that number, forty-nine percent will experience ____ or more abusive incidents. a.) 3 b.) 7 c.) 10 Valenti-Hein & Schwartz, 1995

  21. ___ to ____ percent of abusers are known and trusted by the victim who has developmental disabilities a.) 97 to 99 b.) 60 to 70 c.) 30 to 50 Baladerian, 1991

  22. Only _____ percent of sexual abuse cases involving people with developmental disabilities will ever be reported. a.) 3 b.) 12 c.) 17 Valenti-Hein & Swartz, 1995

  23. What do we know about sexual violence? • Think of the last news story you heard involving sexual violence • What do you recognize in these stories?

  24. What could make people with disabilities more vulnerable to sexual violence? Any thoughts?

  25. Some reasons… • Respect for authority • Lack of autonomy due to care giving • Not taught boundaries or unsure of boundaries due to care giving • Taught not to say no

  26. What if it assault does occur? • No one can promise that a sexual assault can be prevented, but…… The risk of sexual assault can be reduced by: • Telling the offender NO - NO • Getting Away - GO • Telling someone - TELL

  27. Disclaimer • So who can prevent sexual violence? • Only perpetrators!!!

  28. Emotional reactions Physical reactions Social responses Sexual disturbances Psychological reactions Physical problems Social responses Sexual disturbances Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse

  29. What else? • If the assault was within 72 hours, go to the hospital for a rape exam. • If the assault was after three days but still recent, go to the hospital for medical treatment. • Tell the police. • Call a rape crisis center for support.

  30. Where is the rape crisis center in your community?What services do they provide?

  31. Pennsylvania’s Sexual Violence Centers52 sexual violence centers serving all 67 counties • Court, medical and legal accompaniment • Crisis intervention • Long- and short-term counseling for groups and individuals • Assistance with filing for Victims Compensation • Hotline accessible 24 hours a day/7 days a week • Prevention education • Multi-disciplinary victim assistance teams

  32. Keep in mind… • Victims with disabilities sometimes recant because the process of telling is scary and traumatic • Just because the police and/or district attorney don’t take the case, doesn’t mean it didn’t happen

  33. A Guide for Friends, Family & Care Providers of Sexual Violence Survivors who have Disabilities • How sexual violence is different for people with disabilities in green boxes • Great tool for working with victims and understanding sexual violence

  34. THANK YOU!!! Karla Vierthaler Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape 1-800-692-7445, ext. 125 kvierthaler@pcar.org