ILLUMINATION ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPTS
Medieval and Renaissance illuminated manuscripts are vehicles of the collective memory of western European culture, and provide a material connection between the scribes, illuminators, and patrons who produced these works and the audiences who view them today.
WHEN? BEGINNING OF 9TH CENTURY THROUGH THE 19TH CENTURY WHERE? EUROPE
MANUSCRIPT • comes from the Latin manu scriptum, which translates literally to "written with hands". It typically refers to any document produced manually, through handwriting, chiseling or other method, without the use of machines.
ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT • any manuscript whose text is accompanied by decoration. It originally referred only to silver or gilt adornments, but came to be acceptable terminology for any manuscript with drawings, paintings or decorations such as ornate initials, borders, floral and the like. Often the illuminations would depict a historical or rural/pastoral scene.