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Research PowerPoint. Choose Your Topic. Decide what you want to research Brainstorm!!!! Choose 2-3 Complete Preliminary Worksheet Create a Research Question. Research. Primary – Original, unfiltered Autobiography personal diary or letters firsthand observer accounts of event
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Choose Your Topic • Decide what you want to research • Brainstorm!!!! • Choose 2-3 • Complete Preliminary Worksheet • Create a Research Question
Research • Primary – Original, unfiltered • Autobiography • personal diary or letters • firsthand observer accounts of event • speech given by a person • research report by researchers • Secondary – Second hand • Biography • book about the person or event • literary criticism of the work • report on event years later • commentary on the speech • interpretation of the research
Typically What is Credible • Currency • When it was written – newer the better • Authority • Who wrote it – professional is better • Author’s purpose • How biased – inform purpose = less bias - persuade = more bias • What evidence is given – facts, examples, stats • If it is factual/believable
Get Organize • Group ideas into areas • Number/Letter the reasons in your thesis • Read and Highlight each article and label with number/letter
Plagarism • Are all sources properly cited • FIRES Get Cited!!!!! Unless…. • Common knowledge (information known by everyone or almost everyone) does not need to be cited
Plagiarism Continued… • There are consequences for plagiarism, which is stealing or improperly crediting sources. • If you don’t cite it, you are plagiarizing • If you don’t include a works cited page you are committing academic dishonesty/plagiarism • Not knowing how to is not a viable excuse • Come up with a system to ensure you are not plagiarizing • Note cards • Graphic organizer • Buying a paper, having your mom write it, and using an old paper are all forms of academic dishonesty
Synthesis • Merging of ideas from all sources • Finding Evidence to back up (FIRES) • Quoting-copying directly from text • Choose wisely • Too many direct quotes takes away your voice • Paraphrasing • Put in your own words • Maintain your voice • Summarizing-a broad overview of source • Don’t lose your voice • Research is to support YOUR claim. This is your paper with your thoughts that’s backed up with evidence to support. • Evidence vs. Elaboration • Evidence is FIRES • Elaboration is an extension of your idea from your own head. • Both are needed and important in research
How To Citein Outline and Paper • Through the use of signal phrases • According to Jones… • As Smith noted… • Jones concluded… • According to Stevens … • McHugh contrasted this idea… • Moreover, Smith added… • Elliot and Pruett argued… • At the end of the paraphrase/borrowed material include the author or the title and page number (Jones 12). Or (“How” 12). • If there is no page number don’t include one.
Keep Organizing - Outline • Why • Aids in the process of writing • Helps you organize your ideas • Presents your material in a logical form • How • Brainstorm: List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper. • Organize: Group related ideas together. • Order: Arrange material in a logical order. (Introduction with attention getter, background information, and thesis, body with topic sentence and supporting details, and conclusion with restated thesis and clincher) • Label: Create main and sub headings. • Publish: type in MLA format
Outline Format I. A. B. C. II. A. 1. 2. B. 1. a. b. 2. a. b. C. III. • Roman Numerals = topic sentence of paragraph • Capital Letters = assertion (idea/comment) that supports topic sentence • Number = evidence or support (quote, summary, paraphrase) • Lower letter = response to evidence (NOT IN 1st PERSON)
Level of Formality • Who is your audience? • Teacher • Parent • Friend • Sibling • Judge • The American Public • What is your purpose? • Inform • Persuade • Entertain
Rough Draft • Remember – • Purpose (Why are you writing) • Subject (What are you writing about? ) • Audience (Who are you writing to?) • Tone (How is your writing going to sound?) • Include new ideas that you may have skipped during prewriting. • Don’t worry about mistakes. Mistakes are supposed to happen at this stage. • At least get your ideas down. You can add, subtract, fix later. • Remember to embed evidence not just plop it in. USE YOUR SIGNAL PHRASES!!!!!
Rough Draft • Format • Page #s in upper right corner • header with my last name and page number • heading in upper left corner • unique-centered title that is not underlined • all text is double spaced, 1 inch margins, 12-font Times New Roman… • Paper • Indenting • Spacing after punctuation
Revision Questions Content 1. Is it interesting? 2. Are there enough details? 3. Are there unrelated or off topic ideas? 4. Are unfamiliar terms explained? Organization 5. Are ideas arranged in the best order? 6. Are the connections between ideas clear? Style 7. Is the meaning clear? 8. Are there cliché’s or other tired phrases? 9. Does the writing fit the audience?
Proofreading Guidelines 1. Is every sentence a complete sentence? (no fragments or run-ons). 2. Does it have correct punctuation? 3. Are there capitalization errors? 4. Do the verbs (in number) agree with the subject? 5. Are verbs in the right tense? 6. Are pronoun references clear and do they agree? 7. Are commonly confused words (such as affect and effect) used correctly? 8. Are all words spelled correctly?